Reminder: Industrial test Friday • Reminder: Industrial key-terms due Friday – do it right! • Current events • Notes: “Inventions Change the Nation” • How do the revolutionary ideas of then affect us now? • Activity: is an assembly line any better?... • Daily Reader TUESDAY
Inventions Change the Nation • Patents: Licenses for new inventions • Telegraph (helps orders & cross-country communication) within the U.S. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kp3hY3r4yUg&feature=related • Communication across the Atlantic are HUGE! Samuel Morse invented this bad boy in the 1830s. Using dots & dashes known as MORSE CODE, he could send electric signals over wires indicating words & letters of our alphabet
Inventions Change the Nation Cyrus Field – lays a cable under the ocean so telegraph messages can go back & forth b/w N. American & Europe
Inventions Change the Nation • 1858 Queen Victoria sends first transatlantic message • Transatlantic: across the Atlantic message to President James Buchanan in D.C. “In 5 months the cable had been manufactured, shipping stretched across the Atlantic & was sending messages swift as lightning from continent to continent”
Alexander Graham Bell • Telephone – 1867 • Many thought it was just a toy • Tries to sell it to Western Union Telegraph Co. for $100,000 • They don’t want it (oops!) • Bell ends up making millions
Alexander Graham Bell Bell forms Bell Telephone Co : 1877 • No longer need to go to telegraph office • In-home communication • Businesses can find best deal quickly • Orders can be placed quickly
Thomas Edison • 1876 – opens research lab in Menlo Park, NJ • Set the goal of inventing something new every 10 days • The Golden Approach – Edison’s approach of turning inventing into a system • “Genius is 1% inspiration & 99% perspiration” What do we remember about him???
Thomas Edison Light bulb Phonograph Motion Picture Projector & Silent film auditoriums
Thomas Edison Electric Power Plant • NY City 1882 - Wires business district first • Electric factories replace steam powered engines • Safer, quieter, cleaner • Modern era of electricity begins
Technology Takes Command Refrigerated Railroad Car • Refrigeration to the meatpacking industry • Before: cattle, pigs, chickens raised/ sold locally (spoiled, couldn't ship far) • Meatpacking plant in Chicago • (hub ½ way between cattle ranches in West & cities in the East) • Cattle is shipped by train to Chicago • Slaughtered & carved up into sides of beef then loaded onto refrigerated cars & carried to market
Technology Takes Command • Typewriter – speeds communication • Lightweight • Cheap • Easy to use !!!FUN FACT!!! Our keyboards (then & now) are called “qwerty keyboards”… WHY?..... Less type-jams! It was so great we kept it!
First Flight • Orville & Wilbur Wright (bike mechanics) • 1903 – “Flying Machine” in Kitty Hawk, NC • 1908 U.S. military shows interest • Flight over battlefields (bird’s eye view) • Gain enemy positions • 40mph plane WOAH
Automobiles • Europeans had produced motorized vehicles in 1860s (France = leader & only rich Americans could afford cars) • Ford 1913 – moving assembly line: method of production by which workers stay in one place as products travel past on a moving belt • +more jobs, less skill needed, better economy • - if one person messed up, the whole process gets messed up
Automobiles At first people thought cars were dangerous & scared horses • “No Horseless Carriages Allowed” signs • Tennessee: person planning to drive a car had to advertise the fact a week ahead of time • BUT…prices dropped & people started buying them up • Men AND WOMEN can now drive!!!!….significance?
Automobiles • Mass Production: making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply • Allows Ford to sell his cars at a MUCH lower price than other automakers • BUT…. Is an assembly line FASTER and BETTER? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hXmyD9a4zg
Let’s Test it Out!!!! • I will put you into a group… • You will get a specific mission, depending on who you are & what group you’re in • Check your group folder to see what your task is ARE ASSEMBLY LINES MORE EFFICIENT? • You want to do your BEST at your task! • Poor work leads to UNEMPLOYMENT! • You are selling a product based on QUALITY! • Keep your factory/ workplace NEAT & tidy!
Wrapping Up • You can start now… • FOR HOMEWORK DUE TOMORROW: • Write ONE PARAGRAPH ( 5 sentences) in Morse code using your key on the back of your notes • It can be a note to a specific friend in class… • It can be a general note for anyone in class… • It can be song lyrics… • It can be a poem… • It can be ANYTHING (as long as it’s appropriate)