LECTURE 2. THE HISTORY OF DISEASE. Overview. History of disease epochs of disease cross cultural and trans-historical theories of disease social constructionist arguments. classifying medical systems historical trajectory of the treatment of disease. . The epochs of Disease. 1.
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1. Pre-agricultural society-
2. Agricultural Societies-
Sedentary man; cultivation of crops ; domestication of animals. increasing numbers of people together living together; poor hygiene; insufficient food.
So we have four key factors in the spread and increase in disease .
1 Increased communication
3. domestication of animals
4. population density
3. Modern Industrial societies-
decline in mortality from infectious diseases; little to do with modern medicine according to McKeown. Rise in ‘Modern diseases’ cancers, heart disease and strokes, diabetes etc
Food and Agriculture.
Hygiene and drinking water.