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Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA). Experiences of UNDP in Developing Adaptation Projects Presented by Pradeep Kurukulasuriya 3 – 5 September 2007, Bangkok, Thailand.

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slide1

Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)

Experiences of UNDP in Developing Adaptation Projects

Presented by Pradeep Kurukulasuriya

3 – 5 September 2007, Bangkok, Thailand

© 2007 UNDP. All Rights Reserved Worldwide.

Proprietary and Confidential. Not For Distribution Without Prior Written Permission.

outline
Outline
  • Climate change and MDGs
  • UNDP’s operational definition of adaptation
  • UNDP’s Adaptation Strategy, Approach and Main Focus Areas
  • UNDP’s Adaptation Portfolio (Experience)
  • UNDP Support to Adaptation Project Development
      • Technical Capacity
      • Tools/Programming Frameworks
defining adaptation
Defining Adaptation

“Changing existing policies and practices and/or adopting new policies and practices so as to secure MDGs in the face of climate change and its associated impacts” (UNDP 2006)

long term perspective differentiates adaptation from climate risk management
Long-term perspective differentiates adaptation from climate risk management
  • Coping mechanisms + planning for long term adaptation

Anticipatory adaptation

Coping

Water resources per capita

Seasonal forecasts, food storage

Water conservation, shifting crop species

Piloting alternative livelihoods

Risks Risk management

Water shortage, decline of agricultural production

Periodic droughts, seasonal shortage

Desiccation, failure of some agriculture

2010 2020 2030

time

undp s core principles
UNDP’s Core Principles
  • Safeguard achievement of MDGs by developing adaptive capacity
  • Integrate climate risks into development policies and national investment decisions
  • Build on disaster risk-management activities and extensive UNDP experience and mandate
  • Leverage existing UN and UNDP programmes, including UNDP/GEF-supported National Communications and NAPAs
  • Build partnerships to ensure appropriate expertise reaches countries in line with UNDP’s development role in the UN System
comparative advantage
Comparative Advantage
  • Capacity building and technical assistance
  • Human resource development
  • Institutional strengthening (policy/legislative frameworks)
  • Non-governmental/community participation
  • Country driven- priorities and development strategies
  • In-country-programming experience
  • Some regional/global projects
  • UNDP Specialized Bureaus (BCPR, DDC)
    • Partnerships on Adaptation Projects
      • Current: Govts, IOC/UNESCO, WHO, UNEP, World Bank, IRI
      • In future: ADB, AfDB, IFAD, ISDR, CGIAR, others
undp s strategy focuses on mainstreaming
UNDP’s strategy focuses on mainstreaming
  • Three-pronged approach:

1. Mainstreaming climate change into UN country programming

2. Mainstreaming climate change into national development plans

3. Piloting innovative national adaptation projects to feed lessons into 1 and 2

leveraging eas and the apf
Leveraging EAs and the APF

Enabling Activities: NCs, NAPAs

V&A Priorities and Timescales Identified

APF and

Project Development Guidance

Strategies and Projects Identified

Adaptation Funds

Adapted Policies and Measures Implemented

portfolio responds to regional priorities
Portfolio responds to regional priorities
  • Regional adaptation strategies
    • Identify climate change risk hotspots
    • Build on UNDP’s comparative advantages
      • Policy advice, capacity development, and coalition building
    • Leverage national communication processes to mainstream climate change risks
six thematic areas
Six Thematic Areas
  • TA1. Agriculture and Food Security
  • Food security and food production maintained or enhanced
  • TA2. Water Resources and Quality
  • Water availability and supply maintained or enhanced
  • TA3. Public Health
  • Public health maintained or enhanced
  • TA4. Climate Change-Related Disaster Risk Management
  • Exposure and vulnerability to climate change-driven hazards reduced
  • TA5. Coastal Development
  • Exposure and vulnerability of population, infrastructure &
  • economic activity reduced in coastal zones
  • TA6. Natural Resources
  • Livelihood security maintained or enhanced in natural resource dependent populations
current portfolio
Current Portfolio

-Funding Source and Regional Distribution

growing demand ldcf

Growing Country Demand: LDCF

Growing Demand: LDCF
  • Partnerships with:
  • UNEP
  • WB
  • AfDB
  • ADB
  • FAO
  • ISDR
  • etc.
ldcf follow up projects record so far
LDCF Follow-up Projects: Record So Far

GEF Project Cycle – 22 month limit

UNDP – PIF/PPG – 12-14 months

Timely assistance is a priority for UNDP!

projects by sector and country gef pipeline
Projects by Sector and Country (GEF Pipeline)

In green – Approved projects

undp support to the development of adaptation projects
UNDP Support to the Development of Adaptation Projects
  • CC-Adaptation Technical Advisors
      • Economists, Disaster-Risk Reduction Specialists, Development Practitioners, Climate Change Expertise
        • Technical backstopping
        • Guide Project Formulation (Preparatory Phase)
        • Prepare PIFs/PPGs, Project Documents (together with proponents/UNDP Country Offices)
        • Quality control and troubleshooting

UNDP Country Office

      • Operational support

CC-Adaptation Unit (HQ)

      • Liaise with GEFSEC, tools & support for RTAs
      • Liaise with LEG (for guidance, updates)
slide21
TOOLS
    • Project Development Guidelines
    • Adaptation Policy Framework (APF)
    • Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework for adaptation
    • Web-based Programming Site
    • Adaptation pipelining tool
    • Best practice and lessons learned publications
project development guidelines
Project Development Guidelines

Project Proposals

  • Goal
  • Objective
  • Outcomes (3)
      • Baseline
      • Additionality
  • Lessons Learnt
  • Linkages to development priorities
  • Partnerships/Co-financing
  • Institutional Arrangements

Service through Regional Technical Advisors!

progress toward adaptation objectives measured through apf approaches
Progress toward adaptation objectives measured through APF approaches
  • (1) Assessing climate risks & baseline (non-climate) issues
  • (2) Assessing vulnerability
  • (3) Assessing climate/impact information needs and usage
  • (4) Formulating an Adaptation Strategy
  • - Linkage to development priorities
  • - Mainstreaming targets
  • (5) Implementation Arrangements
programming website provides guidance for country offices
Programming website provides guidance for Country Offices
  • Country database supports Country Offices to frame climate change adaptation at the national level
lessons learned templates
Lessons Learned Templates
  • Engaging stakeholders
  • Capacity
  • Resources for project development
  • Additionality
  • Assessment of adaptation responses
  • Integration of climate change risks and adaptation
  • Evidence of the baseline at the conception of the project
  • Expected influence of the project – Policy, capacity, practices, awareness
slide31

Growing funding sources for adaptation

1. Mainstreaming climate change into UN country programming

  • MDG Achievement Fund (UNDP)

2. Mainstreaming climate change into national development plans

  • MDG Achievement Fund (UNDP)
  • SCCF, LDCF
  • Bilateral funding (GTZ, EU, etc.)

3. Piloting innovative national adaptation projects to feed lessons into 1 and 2

  • MDG Achievement Fund (UNDP)
  • SCCF, LDCF
  • Bilateral funding (GTZ, EU, etc.)
mdg achievement fund
MDG Achievement Fund
  • Request for Proposals
  • Launched in April 2007
  • 5 Thematic areas, includes Environment and Climate Change:
          • Mainstreaming
          • CDM
          • Adaptation
  • One proposal per thematic area
  • Submission from UNDP RC for UNCT
  • Min. 2 UN agencies involved

The first round of MDG-F concepts has been selected

undp unep partnership on adaptation
UNDP-UNEP Partnership on Adaptation
  • Climate Change and Development – Adapting by REducing vulnerability (CC DARE)
  • (currently under development; focus on sub-Saharan Africa)
  • Enhanced knowledge, skills and partnerships in mainstreaming climate change issues
  • Stronger technical and institutional capacities for identifying, prioritizing and implementing cost-effective adaptive measures
  • Documenting the experience and knowledge gained on best practices
  • Strengthened national adaptation plans and policies that are better integrated with mainstream development activities, and
  • Enhanced regional cooperation on climate change issues.
additional services to be provided under undp unep partnership cc dare
Additional services to be provided under UNDP-UNEP partnership (CC-DARE)
  • Objective 1: Incorporate adaptation to climate change into national development plans and UN Cooperation Frameworks
slide35
For more information pls. go to:http://www.undp.org/gef/adaptation