Introduction to Tuberculosis. VDH TB Control and Prevention Program 2011. VDH TB Prevention and Control Policies and Procedures. Based on USPHS/CDC, ATS, IDSA and Pediatric “Red Book” guidelines Adapted to address uniquely Virginia issues. The Causative Agent .
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VDH TB Control and Prevention Program
Robert Koch ~ 1886
M. tb, M. bovis, M. africanum,
M. microti, M. canetti
TB bacteria airborne
Or Immune response fails
TST or IGRA
TB disease, regardless of the patient’s skin test reaction
TST at onset of treatment
TB is usually treated for 6 to 9 months.
Drug resistant cases can take years to treat.
As tuberculosis (TB) disease rates in the United States (U.S.) decrease, finding and treating persons at high risk for latent TB infection (LTBI) has become a priority.
MMWR August 8, 2003; 52 (31): 735-739
Completion of therapy is based on the total number of doses administered, not on duration alone.
HIV testing and
QA, QI for case
Data for national
State TB Control Program
Information for public