The Allies win WWII. Ch. 32.4. North Africa. The Desert Fox, Erwin Rommel secured the city, Tobruk, for Germany. The Allies responded by sending Bernard Montgomery, ‘Monty’ to take control of British forces. Rommel. Monty. Battle of El Alamein.
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sv1niwxQgoY (movie scene)
Anti-Japanese feelings among politicians and residents was the force behind the decision.
As a result of this pressure, on February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which resulted in the forcible internment of 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry.
More than two-thirds of those interned under the Executive Order were citizens of the United States, and none had ever shown any disloyalty.
The War Relocation Authority was created to administer the assembly centers, relocation centers, and internment camps, and relocation of Japanese-Americans began in April 1942.
All people of Japanese descent living on the West Coast were ordered to detention camps in WY, UT, AZ, and other states.
Because Hawaii’s Japanese population was too large to relocate, the state of HI was under martial law throughout the duration of the war.
Japanese Concentration Camp
was located in
It was called the Gila River
Internment camps were scattered all over the interior West, in isolated desert areas of Arizona, California, Utah, Idaho, Colorado, and Wyoming.
Japanese-Americans were forced to carry on their lives under harsh conditions.
Executive Order 9066 was rescinded by President Roosevelt in 1944, and the last of the camps was closed in March, 1946.
Sue Tokushige was a young mother of 20, with a 10-day-old baby, when she was sent to a camp in Arizona with her husband.
She said the government did not supply milk for her baby. Because she was unable to breastfeed, she fed her daughter only water for 10 days.
She recalls with glassy eyes how a doctor told her that, for a person who seemed well-educated, she did not take good care of her baby.
'My daughter still pays for it today, health-wise, for the way our government treated us’.
Some Japanese Americans died in the camps due to inadequate medical care and the emotional stresses they encountered.
Several were killed by military guards posted for allegedly resisting orders.
Children had to be educated, yet the government did not supply teachers.
Instead, they looked to the camp members to fill these types of positions and paid them at extremely low wages.
If you had two or more years of college you might become an "assistant teacher" who in some cases assumed a full teaching load.
Name State Opened Max. Pop'n
Manzanar California March 1942 10,046
Tule Lake California May 1942 18,789
Poston Arizona May 1942 17,814
Gila River Arizona July 1942 13,348
Granada Colorado August 1942 7,318
Heart Mountain Wyoming August 1942 10,767
Minidoka Idaho August 1942 9,397
Topaz Utah September 1942 8,130
Rohwer Arkansas September 1942 8,475
Jerome Arkansas October 1942 8,497
Imprisoned at Gila River Concentration Camp during WWII
Allies sent fake coded messages indicating they would attack here
D-Day was an amphibious landing – soldiers going from sea to land
“The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers-in-arms on other Fronts, you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world.”
Cyanide & Pistols
The Führer’s Bunker
Mr. & Mrs. Hitler
The loss of life at Iwo Jima and Okinawa convinced Allied leaders that an invasion of Japan was not the best idea
I am become death, the shatterer of worlds!
Major GeneralLesley R. Groves
Dr. Robert Oppenheimer
Paul Tibbets, pilot, waves from the cockpit.
Little Boy Fat Man
Enola Gay Crew