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AHSAA Football Mechanics Basic Mechanics, Keys and Responsibilities for a Crew of 7 2011 Football Season. Why use seven officials?. Why not just adopt the college 7-man mechanics? The speed of the game is different and AHSAA wanted consistency between AHSAA 5-man and 7-man mechanics.

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Presentation Transcript
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AHSAA Football Mechanics

Basic Mechanics, Keys and Responsibilities for a Crew of 7

2011 Football Season

why use seven officials
Why use seven officials?
  • Why not just adopt the college 7-man mechanics? The speed of the game is different and AHSAA wanted consistency between AHSAA 5-man and 7-man mechanics.
  • A crew of 7 will provide more consistent, area coverage resulting in:
    • Better detection and enforcement of rules which are designed to protect safety of players
    • Better detection of rules infractions which would otherwise give one team an unfair advantage
    • Better side line control
  • Preventive officiating is improved
  • Dead ball and back side officiating is improved

Alabama High School Athletic Association

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

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pre snap initial keys
Pre-snap (Initial) Keys
  • Referee – All backs and far side tackle
  • Umpire – Guard/center/guard and tackle on referee side
  • Linesman/Line Judge – The third eligible receiver in on strength side of the field; otherwise second in.
  • Side Judge/Field Judge – The widest eligible receiver on your side.
  • Back Judge – Second eligible receiver in from the strength side of the field. If no strength of formation, key second eligible receiver on the Line Judge’s side. Takes man in motion all the way.

Alabama High School Athletic Association

responsibilities during the down
Responsibilities during the Down
  • Referee – Observe actions and illegal acts by or against QB and far side tackle
  • Umpire – Concentrate on the “point of attack”, line actions
  • Linesman/Line Judge – Officiate actions of players approaching and/or in your zone
  • Side Judge/Field Judge – Officiate actions of players approaching and/or in your zone
  • Back Judge – Officiate actions of players in the center, deep zone

Alabama High School Athletic Association

communications
Communications
  • Special situations
      • Snap inside the 5-yard line
      • Sideline pass reception – possession and feet
      • End line pass reception – possession and feet
      • Close goal line plays

Alabama High School Athletic Association

basic positions for snaps between the 20 yard line and the 5 yard line crew of 7
Basic Positions For Snaps Between the 20 Yard Line and the 5 Yard LineCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

basic positions for snaps inside the 5 yard line crew of 7
Basic Positions For Snaps Inside the 5 Yard LineCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

positions during kickoffs crew of 7
Positions During KickoffsCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

positions during obvious short kickoffs crew of 7
Positions During Obvious Short KickoffsCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

basic positions for punts crew of 7
Basic Positions For PuntsCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

basic positions for kick trys and field goals crew of 7
Basic Positions For Kick Trys and Field GoalsCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

free kicks following a fair catch or awarded fair catch crew of 7
Free Kicks Following a Fair Catch or Awarded Fair CatchCrew of 7

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keys and responsibilities
Keys and Responsibilities
  • Seven officials, 22 players, one football and nonplayers on each sideline
  • Keys are intended to help determine officiating coverage requirements at the snap
  • Keys include:
    • Formations and players
    • Position of ball on the field
    • Down and distance
    • Score
  • Formation and player keys will be summarized herein by position

Alabama High School Athletic Association

priority of player keys
Priority of Player Keys

The priority of keys to determine initial assignments for each group of officials is as follows:

  • Field judge and side judge
  • Back judge
  • Line judge and linesman

The general rule is not to key the same player as the group of officials ahead of you priority-wise.

Alabama High School Athletic Association

officiate man zone man
Officiate “Man-Zone-Man”
  • “MAN” - Before the snap, identify and read your key(s) and note initial actions on and by key(s)
  • “ZONE” - After the snap, officiate player action in your zone
  • “MAN” - When direction of ball has been established (pass or run), officiate at and around the ball if in your zone; otherwise, back side officiating. When the ball is dead, continue to officiate your zone (dead ball officiating)

Alabama High School Athletic Association

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

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