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AHSAA Football Mechanics Basic Mechanics, Keys and Responsibilities for a Crew of 7 (Provisional) 2010 Football Season PowerPoint Presentation
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AHSAA Football Mechanics Basic Mechanics, Keys and Responsibilities for a Crew of 7 (Provisional) 2010 Football Season. Why add a seventh official?. AHSAA Mechanics for a crew of 5 has limitations on deep pass plays and side zone coverage Next slide is an example. L. 20. 30. 40. 50.

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slide1

AHSAA Football Mechanics

Basic Mechanics, Keys and Responsibilities for a Crew of 7

(Provisional)

2010 Football Season

why add a seventh official
Why add a seventh official?
  • AHSAA Mechanics for a crew of 5 has limitations on deep pass plays and side zone coverage
  • Next slide is an example

Alabama High School Athletic Association

slide3

L

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BJ

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Crew of 5

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LJ

Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

why add a seventh official4
Why add a seventh official?
  • AHSAA Mechanics for a crew of 5 has limitations on deep pass plays and side zone coverage
  • AHSAA Mechanics for a crew of 6 has a dead zone middle-deep

Alabama High School Athletic Association

slide5

Dead Zone

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Crew of 6

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

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why add a seventh official6
Why add a seventh official?
  • AHSAA Mechanics for a crew of 5 had limitations on deep pass plays and side zone coverage
  • AHSAA Mechanics for a crew of 6 has a dead zone middle-deep
  • The seventh official (three deep) is added to better officiate pass plays and provide consistent sideline-to-sideline coverage.

Alabama High School Athletic Association

slide7

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Crew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

why add a seventh official8
Why add a seventh official?
  • Why not just adopt the college 7-man mechanics? The AHSAA wanted consistency between AHSAA 5-man, 6-man and 7-man mechanics.
  • A crew of 7 will provide more consistent, area coverage resulting in:
    • Better detection and enforcement of rules which are designed to protect safety of players
    • Better detection of rules infractions which would otherwise give one team an unfair advantage
    • Better side line control
  • Preventive officiating is improved
  • Dead ball and back side officiating is improved

Alabama High School Athletic Association

keys and responsibilities
Keys and Responsibilities
  • Seven officials, 22 players, one football and nonplayers on each sideline
  • Keys are intended to help determine officiating coverage requirements at the snap
  • Keys include:
    • Formations and players
    • Position of ball on the field
    • Down and distance
    • Score
  • Player keys will be summarized herein by position

Alabama High School Athletic Association

determining keys
Determining Keys
  • Strength of formation – number of eligible receivers on a particular side of the offensive formation.
  • Tight end – end player on the LOS no more than four yards from the nearest offensive lineman
  • Player in Backfield – back lined up between the tackles at the snap.
  • Trips – three or more receivers outside an offensive tackle

Alabama High School Athletic Association

priority of keys
Priority of Keys

The priority of keys to determine initial assignments for each group of officials is as follows:

  • Field Judge and Side Judge
  • Back judge
  • Line judge and linesman

The general rule is not to key the same player as the group of officials ahead of you priority-wise.

Alabama High School Athletic Association

pre snap keys
Pre-snap Keys
  • Referee – All backs and far side tackle and guard
  • Umpire – Guard/center/guard and tackle on referee side
  • Linesman/Line Judge – The third eligible receiver in from your side of the field
  • Side Judge/Field Judge – The widest eligible receiver on your side.
  • Back Judge – Second eligible receiver in from the strength side of the field. If no strength of formation, key second eligible receiver on the Line Judges’ side. Takes man in motion all the way.

Alabama High School Athletic Association

slide13

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Crew of 7

BJ

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LJ

FJ

Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

responsibilities during the down
Responsibilities during the Down
  • Referee – Observe actions and illegal acts by or against QB and far side tackle
  • Umpire – Concentrate on the “point of attack”, line actions
  • Linesman/Line Judge – Officiate actions of players approaching and/or in your zone
  • Side Judge/Field Judge – Officiate actions of players approaching and/or in your zone
  • Back Judge – Officiate actions of players in the center, deep zone

Alabama High School Athletic Association

slide15

INITIAL OFFICIAL POSITIONS FOR SCRIMMAGE DOWNS

Alabama High School Athletic Association

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15 to 20 yards

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5 yards

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

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slide17

BASIC KEYS FOR STANDARD OFFENSIVE FORMATIONS

Alabama High School Athletic Association

slide18

Double Tight End, Balanced Formation

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

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slide19

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Single Slot

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BJ

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

slide20

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Trips

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

slide21

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Double Slot

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

slide22

L

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Double Slot, Tight End

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BJ

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

slide23

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Double Slot, Double Tight End

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BJ

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

slide24

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Man in Motion

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

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slide25

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Man in Motion is Widest At Snap

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

slide26

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Four Receivers, Unaligned

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

slide27

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Four Receivers, Stacked

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

pre snap communications
Pre-snap Communications
  • Must have good, consistent communications when counting players
      • Signals – use only those in the AHSAA Football Officials Manual
      • Eye contact
      • R will signal with

Offensive Line Official

& Umpire

      • BJ will signal with

SJ, FJ, & Defensive

Line Official

Alabama High School Athletic Association

slide29

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Communication

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

Press Box

communications
Communications
  • Special situations
      • Snap inside the 10-yard line
      • Sideline pass reception
      • End line pass reception
      • Close goal line plays
      • L and LJ will release runner at 5 yard line if scrimmage plays starts out side 10.

Alabama High School Athletic Association

basic positions for snaps inside the 10 yard line crew of 7
Basic Positions For Snaps Inside the 10 Yard LineCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

basic positions for snaps outside the 10 yard line crew of 7
Basic Positions For Snaps Outside the 10 Yard LineCrew of 7

L & LJ will trail the but will release to other side officials at 5 yard line if runner is going to score.

L & LJ will get spot up to the 2 yard line

SJ & FJ will get the spot from inside 2 to the goal line.

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

positions during kickoffs crew of 7
Positions During KickoffsCrew of 7

Do not “officiate air”

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

positions during obviously short kickoffs crew of 7
Positions During Obviously Short KickoffsCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

basic positions for punts crew of 7
Basic Positions For PuntsCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

basic positions for kick trys and field goals crew of 7
Basic Positions For Kick Trys and Field GoalsCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

basic positions for kick trys and field goals crew of 737
Basic Positions For Kick Trys and Field GoalsCrew of 7

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Alabama High School Athletic Association

39

free kicks following a fair catch or awarded fair catch crew of 7
Free Kicks Following a Fair Catch or Awarded Fair CatchCrew of 7

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questions
Questions?

Alabama High School Athletic Association