The Four Temperaments Paul Hindermith’s Music Transformed by Dance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Four Temperaments Paul Hindermith’s Music Transformed by Dance

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  1. The Four TemperamentsPaul Hindermith’s Music Transformed by Dance Julia Cherlow Cailean Cooke David Long Jay Ottovegio

  2. The Four Temperaments • Melancholic • pensive • ruled by physical body • marked by despair, frustration • cautious to embrace new courses of action

  3. The Four Temperaments 2. Sanguine • Latin meaning: blood • extroverted, confident • represents nervous system and astral body • conform with popular ideas • rush from experience to experience

  4. The Four Temperaments 3. Phlegmatic • stabilizing forces in group situations • introverted and impassive

  5. The Four Temperaments 4. Choleric • forcefulness of will • must have their own way • strength is zeal, weakness is anger • easily agitated, ruled by impulse • unlikely to judge or offend others

  6. Paul Hindemith(1865-1963) • Composed musical component in 1940 • One of four founders of musical modernism • Inspired by Bach • Representative of neo-classical school • One of greatest German composers of century

  7. George Balanchine(1904-1983) • Choreographed ballet in 1946 • Founded New York City Ballet • Formulated American style of ballet characterized by quick, precise, syncopated movement

  8. Hindemith’s Composition • Instrumentals comprised of strings supplemented by piano • Broken up into three themes, four temperaments • Draws on characteristics associated with the humors • Neo-classic in style

  9. Transformation to Ballet • Emphasis on simplicity • Lack of set • Minimal lighting effects • No real costuming—practice attire • Plotless • Uninterrupted flow • Why?

  10. Manifestation of Music in Movement • Movement provides percussion to punctuate music • Lean, angular style reflected in both mediums • Syncopated movement corresponds to musical dynamic

  11. Manifestation of Music in Movement • First theme • Introductory strains of music reflected in salutation of movement • Partnership illustrates burgeoning musical theme • Convoluted shapes allude to neo-classical structure of music