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The Four Temperaments Paul Hindermith’s Music Transformed by Dance. Julia Cherlow Cailean Cooke David Long Jay Ottovegio. The Four Temperaments. Melancholic • pensive • ruled by physical body • marked by despair, frustration • cautious to embrace new courses of action.

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the four temperaments paul hindermith s music transformed by dance

The Four TemperamentsPaul Hindermith’s Music Transformed by Dance

Julia Cherlow

Cailean Cooke

David Long

Jay Ottovegio

the four temperaments
The Four Temperaments
  • Melancholic

• pensive

• ruled by physical body

• marked by despair, frustration

• cautious to embrace new courses of action

the four temperaments3
The Four Temperaments

2. Sanguine

• Latin meaning: blood

• extroverted, confident

• represents nervous system and astral body

• conform with popular ideas

• rush from experience to experience

the four temperaments4
The Four Temperaments

3. Phlegmatic

• stabilizing forces in group situations

• introverted and impassive

the four temperaments5
The Four Temperaments

4. Choleric

• forcefulness of will

• must have their own way

• strength is zeal, weakness is anger

• easily agitated, ruled by impulse

• unlikely to judge or offend others

paul hindemith 1865 1963
Paul Hindemith(1865-1963)
  • Composed musical component in 1940
  • One of four founders of musical modernism
  • Inspired by Bach
  • Representative of neo-classical school
  • One of greatest German composers of century
george balanchine 1904 1983
George Balanchine(1904-1983)
  • Choreographed ballet in 1946
  • Founded New York City Ballet
  • Formulated American style of ballet characterized by quick, precise, syncopated movement
hindemith s composition
Hindemith’s Composition
  • Instrumentals comprised of strings supplemented by piano
  • Broken up into three themes, four temperaments
  • Draws on characteristics associated with the humors
  • Neo-classic in style
transformation to ballet
Transformation to Ballet
  • Emphasis on simplicity
    • Lack of set
    • Minimal lighting effects
    • No real costuming—practice attire
    • Plotless
    • Uninterrupted flow
    • Why?
manifestation of music in movement
Manifestation of Music in Movement
  • Movement provides percussion to punctuate music
  • Lean, angular style reflected in both mediums
  • Syncopated movement corresponds to musical dynamic
manifestation of music in movement11
Manifestation of Music in Movement
  • First theme
    • Introductory strains of music reflected in salutation of movement
    • Partnership illustrates burgeoning musical theme
    • Convoluted shapes allude to neo-classical structure of music