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Overview. Presented at OGF31 Salt Lake City, July 2011 Geoffrey Fox, Gregor von Laszewski, Renato Figueiredo Contact: https:// portal.futuregrid.org /help. Outline (8:30 am – 10:00 am). Overview of FG (30 min) Geoffrey Fox Overview of Existing Services (15 min)

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overview

Overview

Presented at OGF31

Salt Lake City, July 2011

Geoffrey Fox, Gregor von Laszewski, Renato Figueiredo

Contact: https://portal.futuregrid.org/help

outline 8 30 am 10 00 am
Outline (8:30 am – 10:00 am)
  • Overview of FG(30 min)
    • Geoffrey Fox
  • Overview of Existing Services (15 min)
    • Gregor von Laszewski
  • Technology Preview (15 min)
    • Gregor von Laszewski
  • Appliances on FG (20 min)
    • Renato Figueiredo
  • Education (10 min)
    • Renato Figueiredo
acknowledgment people
Acknowledgment: People
  • Many people have worked on FuturGrid and we are not be able to list all them here.
  • We will attempt to keep a list available on the portal Web site.
  • Many others have contributed to this tutorial!!
      • Thanks!!
  • https://portal.futuregrid.org
acknowledgement
Acknowledgement
  • The FutureGrid project is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and is led by Indiana University with University of Chicago, University of Florida, San Diego Supercomputing Center, Texas Advanced Computing Center, University of Virginia, University of Tennessee, University of Southern California, Dresden, Purdue University, and Grid 5000 as partner sites.
reuse of slides
Reuse of slides
  • If you reuse the slides please indicate that they are copied from this tutorial. Include a link to https://portal.futuregrid.org
  • We discourage the printing the tutorial material on paper due to two reasons:
    • We like to minimize the impact on the environment for paper and ink usage
    • We intend to keep the tutorials up to date on the Web site at https://portal.futuregrid.org
technology previews
Technology Previews
  • Some material presented here is not available to the general user community and is potentially still under development. We show however some technology previews in order to provide you with some exciting new features that we are currently working on. Slides referring to the reviews are marked with the following icon:

Technology Preview

futuregrid overview

FutureGridOverview

Geoffrey Fox

gcf@indiana.edu

http://www.infomall.orghttps://portal.futuregrid.org

Director, Digital Science Center, Pervasive Technology Institute

Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies,  School of Informatics and Computing

Indiana University Bloomington

OGF 31 Salt Lake City

July 2011

us cyberinfrastructure context
US Cyberinfrastructure Context
  • There are a rich set of facilities
    • Production TeraGrid facilities with distributed and shared memory
    • Experimental “Track 2D” Awards
      • FutureGrid: Distributed Systems experiments cf. Grid5000
      • Keeneland: Powerful GPU Cluster
      • Gordon: Large (distributed) Shared memory system with SSD aimed at data analysis/visualization
    • Open Science Grid aimed at High Throughput computing and strong campus bridging
futuregrid key concepts i
FutureGrid key Concepts I
  • FutureGrid is an international testbed modeled on Grid5000
  • Supporting international Computer Science and Computational Science research in cloud, grid and parallel computing (HPC)
    • Industry and Academia
  • The FutureGrid testbed provides to its users:
    • A flexible development and testing platform for middleware and application users looking at interoperability, functionality, performance or evaluation
    • Each use of FutureGrid is an experiment that is reproducible
    • A rich education and teaching platform for advanced cyberinfrastructure (computer science) classes
futuregrid modeled on grid 5000
FutureGrid modeled on Grid’5000
  • Experimental testbed
    • Configurable, controllable, monitorable
  • Established in 2003
  • 10 sites
    • 9 in France
    • Porto Allegre in Brazil
  • ~5000+ cores

http://futuregrid.org

futuregrid key concepts ii
FutureGrid key Concepts II
  • FutureGrid has a complementary focus to both the Open Science Grid and the other parts of TeraGrid.
    • FutureGrid is user-customizable, accessed interactively and supports Grid, Cloud and HPC software with and without virtualization.
    • FutureGrid is an experimental platform where computer science applications can explore many facets of distributed systems
    • and where domain sciences can explore various deployment scenarios and tuning parameters and in the future possibly migrate to the large-scale national Cyberinfrastructure.
    • FutureGrid supports InteroperabilityTestbeds – OGF really needed!
  • Note much of current use Education, Computer Science Systems and Biology/Bioinformatics
futuregrid key concepts iii
FutureGrid key Concepts III
  • Rather than loading images onto VM’s, FutureGrid supports Cloud, Grid and Parallel computing environments by dynamically provisioning software as needed onto “bare-metal” using Moab/xCAT
    • Image library for MPI, OpenMP, Hadoop, Dryad, gLite, Unicore, Globus, Xen, ScaleMP (distributed Shared Memory), Nimbus, Eucalyptus, OpenNebula, KVM, Windows …..
  • Growth comes from users depositing novel images in library
  • FutureGrid has ~4000 (will grow to ~5000) distributed cores with a dedicated network and a Spirent XGEM network fault and delay generator

Image1

Image2

ImageN

Choose

Load

Run

dynamic provisioning results
Dynamic Provisioning Results

Number of nodes

Time elapsed between requesting a job and the jobs reported start time on the provisioned node. The numbers here are an average of 2 sets of experiments.

futuregrid partners
FutureGrid Partners
  • Indiana University (Architecture, core software, Support)
  • Purdue University (HTC Hardware)
  • San Diego Supercomputer Center at University of California San Diego (INCA, Monitoring)
  • University of Chicago/Argonne National Labs (Nimbus)
  • University of Florida (ViNE, Education and Outreach)
  • University of Southern California Information Sciences (Pegasus to manage experiments)
  • University of Tennessee Knoxville (Benchmarking)
  • University of Texas at Austin/Texas Advanced Computing Center (Portal)
  • University of Virginia (OGF, Advisory Board and allocation)
  • Center for Information Services and GWT-TUD from TechnischeUniverstität Dresden. (VAMPIR)
  • Red institutions have FutureGrid hardware
futuregrid a grid cloud hpc testbed
FutureGrid: a Grid/Cloud/HPC Testbed

NID: Network Impairment Device

PrivatePublic

FG Network

slide16

Bravo 16 nodes 2 cpus per node 4 cores per CPU

  • Delta  8 nodes 2 cpus per node 6 cores per CPU plus 2 GPU's per node
  • Bravo 16 nodes, 192GB memory, 12 TB disk per node, Infiniband (Aug 1), 8 cores per node
  • Delta 8 nodes, 2 Tesla GPU’s, 192GB memory, 12 TB disk per node, Infiniband (waiting vendor evaluation), 12 cores per node
storage hardware
Storage Hardware

Will add substantially more disk on node and at IU and UF as shared storage

network impairment device

Spirent XGEM Network Impairments Simulator for jitter, errors, delay, etc

  • Full Bidirectional 10G w/64 byte packets
  • up to 15 seconds introduced delay (in 16ns increments)
  • 0-100% introduced packet loss in .0001% increments
  • Packet manipulation in first 2000 bytes
  • up to 16k frame size
  • TCL for scripting, HTML for manual configuration

Network Impairment Device

5 use types for futuregrid
5 Use Types for FutureGrid
  • ~100 approved projects over last 6 months
  • Training Education and Outreach
    • Semester and short events; promising for non research intensive universities
  • Interoperability test-beds
    • Grids and Clouds; Standards; Open Grid Forum OGF really needs
  • Domain Science applications
    • Life science highlighted
  • Computer science
    • Largest current category (> 50%)
  • Computer Systems Evaluation
    • TeraGrid (TIS, TAS, XSEDE), OSG, EGI
  • Clouds are meant to need less support than other models; FutureGrid needs more user support …….
current education projects
Current Education projects
  • System Programming and Cloud Computing, Fresno State, Teaches system programming and cloud computing in different computing environments
  • REU: Cloud Computing, Arkansas, Offers hands-on experience with FutureGrid tools and technologies
  • Workshop: A Cloud View on Computing, Indiana School of Informatics and Computing (SOIC), Boot camp on MapReduce for faculty and graduate students from underserved ADMI institutions
  • Topics on Systems: Distributed Systems, Indiana SOIC, Covers core computer science distributed system curricula (for 60 students)
current interoperability projects
Current Interoperability Projects
  • SAGA,Louisiana State,Explores use of FutureGrid components for extensive portability and interoperability testing of Simple API for Grid Applications, and scale-up and scale-out experiments
current bio application projects
Current Bio Application Projects
  • Metagenomics Clustering,North Texas,Analyzes metagenomic data from samples collected from patients
  • Genome Assembly,Indiana SOIC, De novo assembly of genomes and metagenomes from next generation sequencing data
current non bio application projects
Current Non-Bio Application Projects
  • Physics: Higgs boson,Virginia,Matrix Element calculations representing production and decay mechanisms for Higgs and background processes
  • Business Intelligence on MapReduce,Cal State - L.A.,Market basket and customer analysis designed to execute MapReduce on Hadoop platform
current computer science projects
Current Computer Science Projects
  • Data Transfer Throughput,Buffalo, End-to-end optimization of data transfer throughput over wide-area, high-speed networks
  • Elastic Computing, Colorado, Tools and technologies to create elastic computing environments using IaaS clouds that adjust to changes in demand automatically and transparently
  • The VIEW Project, Wayne State, Investigates Nimbus and Eucalyptus as cloud platforms for elastic workflow scheduling and resource provisioning
current technology projects
Current Technology Projects
  • ScaleMP for Gene Assembly,Indiana Pervasive Technology Institute (PTI) and Biology,Investigates distributed shared memory over 16 nodes for SOAPdenovo assembly of Daphnia genomes
  • XSEDE,Virginia, Uses FutureGrid resources as a testbed for XSEDE software development
  • Globus Online, Indiana PTI, Chicago,Investigates the feasibility of providing DemoGrid and its Globus services on FutureGridIaaS clouds
typical futuregrid performance study
Typical FutureGrid Performance Study

Linux, Linux on VM, Windows, Azure, Amazon Bioinformatics

ogf 2010 demo from rennes
OGF 2010 Demo from Rennes

SDSC

Rennes

Grid’5000 firewall

Lille

UF

UC

Sophia

ViNe provided the necessary inter-cloud connectivity to deploy CloudBLAST across 6 Nimbus sites, with a mix of public and private subnets.

education outreach on futuregrid
Education & Outreach on FutureGrid
  • Build up tutorials on supported software
  • Support development of curricula requiring privileges and systems destruction capabilities that are hard to grant on conventional TeraGrid
  • Offer suite of appliances (customized VM based images) supporting online laboratories
  • Supported ~200 students in Virtual Summer School on “Big Data” July 26-30 with set of certified images – first offering of FutureGrid 101 Class; TeraGrid ‘10 “Cloud technologies, data-intensive science and the TG”; CloudCom conference tutorials Nov 30-Dec 3 2010
  • Experimental class use fall semester at Indiana, Florida and LSU; follow up core distributed system class Spring at IU
  • Offering ADMI (HBCU CS depts) Summer School on Clouds and REU program at Elizabeth City State University
slide32

Johns

Hopkins

Notre

Dame

Iowa

Penn

State

University

of Florida

Michigan

State

San Diego

Supercomputer

Center

Univ.Illinois

at Chicago

Washington

University

University of

Minnesota

University of

Texas at El Paso

University of

California at

Los Angeles

IBM Almaden

Research Center

300+ Students learning about Twister & Hadoop

MapReduce technologies, supported by FutureGrid.

July 26-30, 2010 NCSA Summer School Workshop

http://salsahpc.indiana.edu/tutorial

Indiana

University

University of

Arkansas

b534 distributed systems class
B534 Distributed Systems Class

17 3-4 person projects

futuregrid tutorials
FutureGrid Tutorials
  • Tutorial topic 1: Cloud Provisioning Platforms
  • Tutorial NM1: Using Nimbus on FutureGrid
  • Tutorial NM2: Nimbus One-click Cluster Guide
  • Tutorial GA6: Using the Grid Appliances to run FutureGrid Cloud Clients
  • Tutorial EU1: Using Eucalyptus on FutureGrid
  • Tutorial topic 2: Cloud Run-time Platforms
  • Tutorial HA1: Introduction to Hadoop using the Grid Appliance
  • Tutorial HA2: Running Hadoop on FG using Eucalyptus (.ppt)
  • Tutorial HA2: Running Hadoop on Eualyptus
  • Tutorial topic 3: Educational Virtual Appliances
  • Tutorial GA1: Introduction to the Grid Appliance
  • Tutorial GA2: Creating Grid Appliance Clusters
  • Tutorial GA3: Building an educational appliance from Ubuntu 10.04
  • Tutorial GA4: Deploying Grid Appliances using Nimbus
  • Tutorial GA5: Deploying Grid Appliances using Eucalyptus
  • Tutorial GA7: Customizing and registering Grid Appliance images using Eucalyptus
  • Tutorial MP1: MPI Virtual Clusters with the Grid Appliances and MPICH2
  • Tutorial topic 4: High Performance Computing
  • Tutorial VA1: Performance Analysis with Vampir
  • Tutorial VT1: Instrumentation and tracing with VampirTrace
futuregrid viral growth model
FutureGrid Viral Growth Model
  • Users apply for a project
  • Users improve/develop some software in project
  • This project leads to new images which are placed in FutureGrid repository
  • Project report and other web pages document use of new images
  • Images are used by other users
  • And so on ad infinitum ………
  • Please bring your nifty software up on FutureGrid!!
slide36

… next …

Overview of the FG

Software and Services