13.7 Aldehydes and Ketones. O. R-C-H. O. R-C-R'. Structures. Two series of organic compounds containing C=O carbonyl group. Aldehydes have a hydrogen attached to the carbonyl group. Two groups react differently and can be distinguished. aldehyde. ketone. O. CH -CH -C-H. 3. 2. O.
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CH -CH -C-H
CH -CH -CH -CH -C-H
Now try these:-
E.g. CH3COCH3 propanone
Ketones with 5 or more carbons have structural isomers eg.
Draw the structures and name these isomers.
Now try these:
HReactions - addition