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1980s and Neo-conservatism. 1980s and Neo-conservatism. Neo-Conservatism Election of 1980 Reagan Reagonomics Global Intervention End of the Cold War – Reagan/Bush. New Rights. New Right – Social Values. Denounced : Abortion Homosexuality Affirmative action Advocated :

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1980s and Neo-conservatism


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. 1980s and Neo-conservatism

    2. 1980s and Neo-conservatism • Neo-Conservatism • Election of 1980 • Reagan • Reagonomics • Global Intervention • End of the Cold War – Reagan/Bush

    3. New Rights

    4. New Right – Social Values • Denounced: • Abortion • Homosexuality • Affirmative action • Advocated: • Loose separation of church and state • Prayer in schools • Tougher penalties for criminals

    5. New Right – Economic Values • Free Markets • Deregulation • Limited government intervention

    6. 1980s and Neo-conservatism • Neo-Conservatism • Election of 1980 • Reagan • Reagonomics • Global Intervention • End of the Cold War – Reagan/Bush

    7. Election of 1980

    8. Reagan’s Characteristics • History: • A sports announcer for a radio station • Actor in Hollywood • President of the Screen Actors Guild (helped purge reds from the industry) • Spokesman for General Electric • Governor of CA

    9. Reagan’s Characteristics • "The nine most terrifying words in the English language are: 'I'm from the government and I'm here to help.'“ - Ronald Reagan

    10. 1980s and Neo-conservatism • Neo-Conservatism • Election of 1980 • Reagan • Reagonomics • Global Intervention • End of the Cold War – Reagan/Bush

    11. The Reagan Revolution

    12. Reaganomics – Laffer Curve Clip

    13. Reaganomics • Supply Side Economics • budget constraints + tax reduction • Goal • Stimulate investment • Boost productivity • Grow GDP • Reduce the federal deficit

    14. Prosperity in the 1980s

    15. Reality of Reaganomics • Income gaps widened between the rich and poor: • The poor got poorer (due to inflation) • The rich got richer • The middle class was stagnant

    16. Reality of Reaganomics • Income gaps widened between the rich and poor: • The poor got poorer • The rich got richer • The middle class was stagnant • Added $2 trillion to the national debt

    17. National Debt

    18. Check Up! • Summarize the basic principles of Supply-Side Economics.

    19. 1980s and Neo-conservatism • Neo-Conservatism • Election of 1980 • Reagan • Reagonomics • Global Intervention • End of the Cold War – Reagan/Bush

    20. Lebanon • 1983 • U.S. peace-keeping force arrive • October 1983 • suicide bomber attacks U.S. Marine barrack • 200 marines killed

    21. Grenada • October 1983 • Military coup in Grenada • Marxists seized power • American troops swiftly overran the island and ousted the insurgents

    22. Libya • Libya’s gov. sponsored a terrorist attack on a passenger liner • U.S. retaliated • Libya put on list of states who support terrorists

    23. The Iran-Contra Affair • 1979 - Revolution deposed the dictator of Nicaragua

    24. The Iran-Contra Affair • 1979 - Revolution deposed the dictator of Nicaragua • Secret Dealings • Reagan requested aid for contra rebels fighting against the left-wing Nicaragua regime • Congress refused

    25. The Iran-Contra Affair • 1979 - Revolution deposed the dictator of Nicaragua • Secret Dealings • Reagan requested aid for contra rebels fighting against the left-wing Nicaragua regime • Congress refused • 1985 • Am. diplomats secretly arranged arms sales to the Iranians • Money from the payment for the arms was diverted to the contras

    26. The Iran-Contra Affair • 1979 - Revolution deposed the dictator of Nicaragua • Secret Dealings • Reagan requested aid for contra rebels fighting against the left-wing Nicaragua regime • Congress refused • 1985 • Am. diplomats secretly arranged arms sales to the Iranians • Money from the payment for the arms was diverted to the contras • November 1986 • Congress investigates but does not impeach • A congressional committee concluded that “if the president did not know what his national security advisers were doing, he should have”

    27. Check Up! • How did President Reagan’s administration reflect the basic ideas and principles of the Neoconservative movement?

    28. 1980s and Neo-conservatism • Neo-Conservatism • Election of 1980 • Reagan • Reagonomics • Global Intervention • End of the Cold War – Reagan/Bush

    29. Reagan’s Strategy With the Soviets • New arms race • Goal: Bankrupt the Soviet Union

    30. Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) • Goal: Build Satellites could fire laser beams to destroy ICBMs

    31. Meanwhile in Russia…

    32. Mikhail Gorbachev • Elected 1985 • Committed to radical reforms in the Soviet Union • Reforms: • Glasnost – • Expand civil lib. • Perestroika – • Adopting free-market practices

    33. Reagan Reacts • Reagan – Tear Down this Wall (4:00)

    34. George H.W. Bush and the End of the Cold War • Yaleeducated • Served in WWII • oil business in TX • Served as a congressman • Was emissary to China • Ambassador to the UN • Director of the CIA • Vice president

    35. The Fall of Communism • August 1989 • Poland’s communist government is toppled by the people. VS. 1956 1989

    36. The Fall of Communism • August 1989 • Poland’s communist government ends • September-November 1989 • The communist regimes collapsed in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, and Romania

    37. The Fall of Communism • August 1989 • Poland’s communist government is toppled by the people. • September-November 1989 • The communist regimes collapsed in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, and Romania • December 1989 • The Berlin Wall fell • This marked the beginning of the end of the Cold War

    38. The Fall of Communism • August 1989 • Poland’s communist government is toppled by the people. • September-November 1989 • The communist regimes collapsed in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, and Romania • December 1989 • The Berlin Wall fell • This marked the beginning of the end of the Cold War • October 1990 • Germany reunited

    39. Collapse of the USSR • December 1991 • The Soviet Union dissolved into 15 republics loosely confederated in the Commonwealth of Independent State (CIS),

    40. 1. Armenia, 2. Azerbaijan, 3. Belarus, 4. Estonia, 5. Georgia, 6. Kazakhstan, 7. Kyrgyzstan, 8. Latvia, 9. Lithuania, 10. Moldova, 11. Russia, 12. Tajikistan, 13. Turkmenistan, 14. Ukraine, 15. Uzbekistan

    41. Results of the end of the Cold War • No more tension over nuclear war between the U.S. and Russia • It also marked the virtual end of communism world-wide • Democracy now had no more ideological battles left to fight • U.S. became uncontested world power

    42. Affirmative: The collapse of communism was due to internal pressures caused by social and political conflict within Eastern Europe.