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Directions. Please find the folder with your name on, take it, and have a seat. At this time…. Please make sure your cell phones are on silent.  Please make sure your electronic devices are put away and out of your ears.  Thank you!. Mesopotamia. September 3, 2013.

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Presentation Transcript
directions
Directions
  • Please find the folder with your name on, take it, and have a seat.
at this time
At this time…
  • Please make sure your cell phones are on silent. 
  • Please make sure your electronic devices are put away and out of your ears. 
  • Thank you!
mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

September 3, 2013

5 components of civilization

5 Components of civilization

Advanced Technology

Things that make life easier

Advanced Cities

An area that is settled permanently by people

Complex institutions

To maintain order of society

Record Keeping

Storing of information

Specialized workers

People trained for a specific job

so why farming
So why farming?
  • Humans learned they could control the growth of plants
  • This meant they no longer had to travel from place to place to find just enough to get by
  • NOW they could stay in one place and grow EXTRA food that could be stored or even traded for other goods or needs
fertile crescent
Fertile Crescent
  • Between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea
  • Area of land BEST for farming
  • Arc of fertile land surrounded by desert
mesopotamia1
Mesopotamia
  • The “land between 2 rivers”
  • Between the TIGRIS River and the EUPHRATES River
  • Rivers flooded every year  fertile soil left behind
water
WATER!
  • Need water to live…
  • Transportation
  • Drinking
  • Fishing
  • Irrigation
irrigation
Irrigation
  • Rain was unpredictable
  • Dig irrigation ditches that carried water to the fields for crops
  • Required organization and leadership
city state
City-State
  • Each city and the surrounding land it controlled
  • Multiple cities developed
  • Cities shared same culture, but not leaders
  • Center = TEMPLE (Ziggurat)
  • Priests- most important
dynasty
Dynasty
  • Military leaders became more important
  • Military leaders  full time leaders
  • Dynasty- When rulers pass power down to their sons (power kept in the family)
polytheism
Polytheism
  • Polytheism- The belief in many gods
  • Gods controlled everything in nature (people wanted to please them)
  • 3,000 gods
  • Gods = human-like, but immortal
  • Afterlife- “the land of no return”