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State Customs Committee of Russian Federation. Customs control of ferrous and non-ferrous metal scrap Chief of Customs control of fissionable and radioactive materials of SCC of RF N. Kravchenko Directorate of Special Technique and Automation of Customs Technologies

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state customs committee of russian federation

State Customs Committee of Russian Federation

Customs control of ferrous and non-ferrousmetal scrap

Chief of Customs control of fissionable and radioactive materials of SCC of RF

N. Kravchenko

Directorate of Special Technique and Automation of Customs Technologies

11/5, Novozavodskaya str., Moscow, 121087, Russia

Tel.: +7 (095) 730-06-19 Fax.: +7 (095) 449-88-62 E-mail: ustatt_Kravchenko@mail.customs.ru

the threat of itrm at the border can be minimized by the implementation of two tasks
The threat of ITRM at the border can be minimized by the implementation of two tasks:
  • To stop the illicit trafficking of fissionable and radioactive materials across the Russian Federation border;
  • To organize thorough check at Customs clearance of fissionable and radioactive materials of the participants of foreign trade activities (export, import, transit, temporary import) for their identification by name and quantity declared in the documents.
the following conceptual principles are used as well for solving these tasks
The following conceptual principles are used as well for solving these tasks:
  • 1. Radiation monitoring of all individuals, goods, and vehicles crossing the Russian Federation customs border;
  • 2. Priority of radiation safety activities over legal activities aiming to institute criminal proceedings against law transgressors;
  • 3. Effective control not deteriorating conditions for the participants of foreign trade activities;
  • 4. Minimization of additional personnel and funds allocation;
  • 5. Utilization mostly of national technical facilities.
the technical facilities can be listed as follows
The technical facilities can be listed as follows:
  • Detection:
  • 1. Stationary remote automatic equipment for detection of the excess in natural gamma-neutron background;
  • 2. Portable universal radiometers of alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and neutron radiation;
  • Analysis:
  • 3. Potable gamma-spectrometers for identification of fissionable and radioactive materials without opening the package;
  • 4. Gamma-spectrometers with high-resolution semiconductor detectors for movable customs laboratories;
  • Personal:
  • 5. Personal dosimeters to provide safety of the personnel;
  • 6. Personal protection means.
algorithm of radiation monitoring at unauthorized transportation of frm
Algorithm of radiation monitoring at unauthorized transportation of FRM

ENTRANCE

I stageDetection

Automated monitoring (stationary equipment)

Inspected by: officer of the checkpoint

«NO»

Presence of radioactive (r/a) radiation

«YES»

II stage

Evaluation of radiation danger

Inspection area

Inspection of goods with portable instruments (radiometers, personal dose monitoring of the personnel)

Inspected by: officer of the checkpoint

Determination of the type of radiation and the extent of radiation danger

III stage

Localization, identification

Checking of the taken measures for temporary storage of goods

Composition analysis (spectrometric equipment)

Inspected by: officer of the CCFRM service; expert of special organization

Site of temporary storage

Localization and identification (composition, enrichment)

Transfer of goods to competent bodies

Customs formalities

EXIT

slide8

Stationary technical facilities for detection and response to illegal trafficking of nuclear and radioactive materials implemented at borders

  • Typical national check post and possible places of stationary TF DR NRM arrangement.

Transport monitor

Transport monitor

Pedestrian monitor

Stationary TF DR NRM are arranged at entrance/exit of check post.

examples of placement tf dr nrm
Examples of placement TF DR NRM

Example of placement of pedestrian TF DR NRM.

slide10

Fixed, installed instruments

Hand-held and pocket-type

instruments

slide11

Response to Alarm Activation

Ответные меры при срабатывании системы обнаружения

Alarm (pager, border monitor, intelligence)

Сигнал (пейджер, пограничный монитор, данныеиз отдела дознания)

No

Отрицательный результат

False Alarm

Ложное срабатывание

Verification

Проверка

Confirmed or Suspected

Подтверждено или

предполагается

Verify alarm

Проверка

срабатывания

Assess Hazard &

Locate Source

Оценка угрозы и

локализация

источника

Multi-purpose hand-held devices

Универсальные ручные приборы

Dangerous Опасный

Dose rate

Измерение

уровня дозы

Safety Procedures Меры безопасности

No Danger

Отсутствие

опасности

Isolate Source Изоляция источника

Identify isotope

Идентификация

изотопов

Notification Procedures

Меры уведомления

Identify

Source

Innocent Source

Активность менее МЗА

Activate Emergency

Response Plan

Приведение в исполнение

плана ответных мер

Record Details

Запись особенностей

Illicit Source Незаконно перевозимый источник

Seize Materials Задержание источника

Stop

Окончание процедуры

In-depth investigation Углубленное обследование

Investigation Report Доклад о проведении обследования

Legal Process Проведение уголовного дознания

mkc a02 1m all in one design aspect
MKC-A02-1M, All-in-one Design (Aspect)
  • 4 modes of operation:
    • n/gsearch mode
    • n/g dose rate indication
    • Gamma spectrometry-isotope identification
    • Alpha/beta counting (external detection probe)
  • Normal (4 buttons) and expert mode of operation

Detectors: NaI, He-3 (8 at) and

external, thin wall, large area

ZnS covered plastic szintillator

slide13

Detection illicit trafficking of radioactive materials and goods with` a high level of radioactivity (including scrap)

1996-2003

other

With radiation equipments

slide14

Prevention of illicit trafficking of radioactive materials and goods with` a high level of radioactivity (including scrap)

Import to RUSSIA and transit

78,7%

Export from RUSSIA

21,3%

slide15
1. IAEA-TECDOC-1311 Prevention of the inadvertent movement and illicit trafficking of radioactive materials.

2. IAEA-TECDOC-1312 Detection of radioactive materials at borders.

3. IAEA-TECDOC-1313 Response to events involving the inadvertent movement or illicit trafficking of radioactive materials.

4. The sanitary demands of Russian Ministry of Health.

slide16

The stages of scrap Customs control

SCRAP

(Tariff classification code: 7204, 7404, 7503, 7602 e.c.t.)

Customs examination with special radiation equipment

  • Main tasks:
  • To find out local radioactive sources;
  • To measure dose rate;
  • Selected measurement of the levels of surface contamination by alpha and beta radionuclide.

Customs control of cargo documents

- Sanitary certificate

- Transport documents

CRITERION:

Dose ratenatural background

+0,2 µSv/h.

  • №  and Date of issue of document;
  • Full name of organization – recipient;
  • weight and kind of scrap;
  • Number of transport units, identification №;
  • Full name of Laboratory of Radiation Control provided measuring;
  • № of radiation protocols and dose rate;
  • Conations of using of scrap.

Sanitary certificate is absent and (or) dose rate is not correspond to criterion

All documents are present

Scrap meets sanitary demands

ISSUE OF SCRAP

Prohibition of issue