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Are Two Better Than One? Multiple Camera “Single Camera” Production

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Are Two Better Than One? Multiple Camera “Single Camera” Production. Peter Kiwitt. Topics. Why? How?. Historical Film Production. Productions carried two cameras One camera for production One camera as a spare Productions used two or more cameras for . . .

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Presentation Transcript
topics
Topics
  • Why?
  • How?
historical film production
Historical Film Production
  • Productions carried two cameras
    • One camera for production
    • One camera as a spare
  • Productions used two or more cameras for . . .
    • Stunts and “big” scenes (typically)
    • Saving time or performances (rarer)
why not use two cameras
Why Not Use Two Cameras?
  • Costs more money
  • Takes more time
  • Compromises eyelines
  • Compromises lighting
what changed
What Changed?
  • 1992 Lost in YonkersDigital editing
what changed1
What Changed?
  • 1992 Lost in YonkersDigital editing
  • 1996 Kodak VisionFilm stock improvements
what changed2
What Changed?
  • 1992 Lost in YonkersDigital editing
  • 1996 Kodak VisionFilm stock improvements
  • 1996 Average studio feature $60m
what changed3
What Changed?
  • 1992 Lost in YonkersDigital editing
  • 1996 Kodak VisionFilm stock improvements
  • 1996 Average studio feature $60m
  • 1997 NBC “It’s new to you”Television ratings decline
what changed4
What Changed?
  • 2000 Star Wars Episode II—Attack of the Clones Digital production
what changed5
What Changed?
  • 2000 Star Wars Episode II—Attack of the Clones Digital production
  • 2000 O, Brother Where Art Thou?Digital color correction
what changed6
What Changed?
  • 2000 Star Wars Episode II—Attack of the Clones Digital production
  • 2000 O, Brother Where Art Thou?Digital color correction
  • 2001 Practice!
film production now
Film Production Now
  • Movies & series:
    • Two cameras (or more!)
    • More coverage
  • Series:
    • Directing producers
    • Rotating DPs
what hasn t changed
What Hasn’t Changed
  • One shot on screen
what hasn t changed1
What Hasn’t Changed
  • One shot on screen
  • Same visualization
what hasn t changed2
What Hasn’t Changed
  • One shot on screen
  • Same visualization
  • Screenline & eyeline rules remain
still single camera
Still Single Camera
  • Some wide angle shots
still single camera1
Still Single Camera
  • Some wide angle shots
  • Some moving shots
still single camera2
Still Single Camera
  • Some wide angle shots
  • Some moving shots
  • Shots separated by 90°+
two camera issues
Two Camera Issues
  • Lighting
  • Sound
  • Performance
two camera guidelines
Two Camera Guidelines
  • Lighting – closer angles
  • Sound – closer sizes
  • Performance – alternate takes
two camera techniques
Two Camera Techniques
  • Closer size from closer angle
  • B camera for long lens
  • B camera pickup inserts
  • Two cameras on one dolly track or even dolly
recommendation
Recommendation
  • All programs that teach directors should have at least one workshop or exercise in shooting with two cameras.
notable productions
Notable Productions
  • 1980 Hill Street Blues
  • 1981 MTV
  • 1984 Amadeus – cross-angles
  • 1988 Rain Man – cross-angles
  • 1989 Dead Poets Society – multiple coverage
evolution of style
Evolution of Style
  • Primitive (1893)
    • Tableau
  • Transitional (1908)
    • Tableau
    • Cut-in
    • Tableau
  • Classical (1917)
    • Master
    • Shot
    • Reverse-shot
  • Modern (1961)
    • Master
    • MS1
    • MS2
    • CU1
    • CU2
  • Contemporary (2001)
    • Master
    • MS1-A
    • MS2-A
    • CU1-B
    • CU2-B