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Human Behavior and the Social Environment. Integrating Social Systems. Culture and Society. Culture: Those qualities and attributes that seem to be characteristic of all humankind Viewed as a macro system A group phenomenon

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culture and society
Culture and Society
  • Culture:
    • Those qualities and attributes that seem to be characteristic of all humankind
    • Viewed as a macro system
    • A group phenomenon
    • Evolves from the interaction of person with others, and a person’s belief or behavior becomes part of the culture, when it is externalized and objectified.
culture and society3
Culture and Society
  • Society:
    • A group of people who have learned to live and work together.
    • It is a social organization that becomes more complex because of an increased volume of relationships among the various elements of the culture
    • Role is the total of the cultural expectations associated with a particular status, including the attitudes, values, and behavior.
    • It incorporates tools, language, child rearing, humans urge to explain the world and social relationships.
communities
Communities
  • Held together by feeling and sentiment.
  • Is at the interface between society and microsystems.
  • Community is a population whose members:
    • Consciously identify with each other
    • May occupy common territory
    • Engage in common activities
    • Have some form of organization.
communities5
Communities
  • Communities are subordinate to larger, regional networks.
  • Consists of social networks.
  • Behavioral aspects include social control, socialization and communication.
  • There are place and non-place communities.
organizations
Organizations
  • They are social units.
  • Characterized by:
    • Divisions of labor
    • Presence of one or more power centers
    • Substitution of personnel.
  • Persons are to perform according to their assigned roles.
  • Purpose is the achievement of specific, explicit goals.
organizations7
Organizations
  • Members confine themselves to a relatively narrow range of behaviors.
  • Power over each other is in the form of authority and hierarchal control.
  • Assures compliance with the system’s goals and adherence to the member’s prescribed roles.
groups
Groups
  • An arena of social interaction.
  • Has potential to provide for:
    • A need to belong and to be accepted by others
    • A need to be validated by others
    • A need to share common experiences
    • Opportunities to work with others on common tasks.
groups9
Groups
  • It has a unique wholeness of its own
  • Comprises those associations and activity in which the person engage most of their “selves” from day to day.
  • Characterized by energy/information exchange to promote synergy.
  • Stages:
    • Forming, norming, and storming.
families
Families
  • Centrally important in defining social expectations and in providing resources for growth, in every phase of the person’s life.
  • The only system that is interwoven with all other systems.
  • Assumes or is delegated, primary responsibility for socialization into the culture and major responsibility to ensure the survival of society and of humanity.
families11
Families
  • A system of roles that are the cultural expectations for behavior and where these roles are learned and carried out.
  • Two views of family roles:
    • The family is responsive to the demands and dictates of larger social systems.
    • The family initiates change, and society accommodates. The family determines society.
the person
The Person
  • Without the individual, there would be no society and without society there would be no individual.
  • The human life cycle is viewed from a psychosocial approach.
    • The interaction of the individual person with the social environment.
    • It is both cause and effect of social systems.
the person13
The Person
  • A person’s growth and development is in a pattern of expansion, a movement outward.
  • As the cycle of life unfolds, persons expand their interaction into systems of ever-larger magnitude.
  • Strong emphasis is placed on the life cycle theory of Erik Erikson.
interaction of systems
Interaction of Systems
  • Humanity
  • Society
  • Community
  • Organizations
  • Groups
  • Family
  • Person