HS 1000 human growth and Social Environment. Lecture 11 – Death and dying 12/2013. (I) Theory of Death and Dying. Theory of Death and Dyin g ( Elisabeth Kubler -Ross) 1. Denial : resist the idea that they are going to die. 2. Anger : to express anger
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Lecture 11 – Death and dying
Theory of Death and Dying
resist the idea that they are going to die.
to express anger
Angry at everyone, e.g. people who are in good health, their spouses, family members, who are caring for them, and their children
Not easy to be around with people in this stage
try to negotiate their way out of death
e.g. may promise that if they can just live long enough to see a son married
they will willingly accept death later
overwhelmed with a deep sense of loss
a. reactive depression:
the feelings of sadness are based on events that have already occurred
b. preparatory depression:
feel sadness over future losses
fully aware that death is impending
Unemotional and uncommunicative
May wish to be left alone
acknowledgment of the objective fact that one has experienced a death
Loss, due to death, of someone to whom one feels close and the process of adjustment to the loss.
the emotional response to one’s loss experienced in the early phases of bereavement.
Widowed people are particularly at risk of death.
At particular risk are men and younger women.
1. Shock and disbelief
Immediately following a death, survivors often feel lost and confused.
An awareness of the loss sinks in the initial stage gives way to overwhelming feelings or sadness and frequent crying.
This first state may last several weeks, especially after a sudden or unexpected death.
2. Preoccupation with the memory of the dead person
The final stage has arrived when the bereaved person renews interest in everyday activities. Memories of the dead person bring warm feelings associated with sadness, rather than sharp pain and longing.
Grief Service Agency
In most nations, suicide rates rise with age and are higher among men than among women, though more women consider or attempt suicide.
Reviewing a life
Life review can occur at any time. However, it may have special meaning in old age, when it can foster ego integrity – according to Erikson, the final critical task of the life span.
People may look back over their accomplishment and failures and ask themselves what their lives have meant.