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Spanish Monarchs in the 1600’s. By Katie Cynkar, Emily Price, Cece Garner, and Caroline Marcus. Spain in the 17 th Century. Most populous empire in the world in the beginning of the century. Had an inefficient government, luxury loving class of nobles and armed forces were out of date.

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spanish monarchs in the 1600 s

Spanish Monarchs in the 1600’s

By Katie Cynkar, Emily Price, Cece Garner, and Caroline Marcus

spain in the 17 th century
Spain in the 17th Century
  • Most populous empire in the world in the beginning of the century.
  • Had an inefficient government, luxury loving class of nobles and armed forces were out of date.
  • Had a big economic and political decline due to famine, taxes, and bankruptcy.
phillip ii 1556 1598
Phillip II (1556-1598)
  • Very Catholic
    • Forced Muslims to convert to Christianity
    • Persecuted them on Christmas Day 1568 and started a riot that lasted two years
  • Tried to unify Spain, the Netherlands, and parts of Italy but failed
phillip ii continued
Phillip II continued
  • Married Mary Tudor, a Catholic queen of England
    • Made for good relations with England, but things went bad
    • Spain tried to invade England, but this also failed
  • Made the Turks no longer a threat to Spain
    • Had help from the Pope
    • Turks were still a leading power in the eastern Mediterranean
phillip iii 1578 1621
Phillip III (1578-1621)
  • Philip III became king in 1598
    • Would throw huge parties and spend lots of money
    • Gave most of his power to the Duke of Lerma
phillip iii continued
Phillip III continued
  • Under Duke of Lerma’s Ruling
    • Gave government positions to relatives
    • The problems with Spain were unhelped
    • The Moriscos were kicked out of Spain
    • Made peace with Europe
    • There was no middle class
    • Most men became clergy
phillip iv revolt on naples 1947
Phillip IV Revolt on Naples (1947)
  • Ruled from 1621-1665
  • Philip required excessive taxes on food
  • People protested over food shortages
  • People wanted local self-governments and lower taxes
phillip iv s revolts of c atalonia and portugal
Phillip IV’s revolts of Catalonia and Portugal
  • Revolt of Catalonia (1640)
      • The Catalans did not try hard to defend their country
      • By the end, Spain got their control over Catalonia back
  • Revolt of Portugal (1640)
      • Unlike Catalonia revolt, Portugal defended and fought for the right of their land
      • Portugal’s weak army easily defeated Spain’s army in May of 1644
      • By the end, Spain lost control over Portugal
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Went from being the most populous empire in the world to one of the least populous
  • Philip II tried to take control of the Muslims in Spain and other European countries but failed
  • Philip III wounded Spain by not supporting it economically
  • Philip IV created more taxes so the Spaniards revolted and wanted less taxation and self-governments
  • Spain gained control of Catalonia but lost control over Portugal
citations
Citations

"Philip III (king of Spain and Portugal)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/456157/Philip-III>.

Sommerville, J. P. "Popular Revoltsw." Faculty.History.wisc.edu. N.p., n.d. Web.

3 Oct. 2012. <http://faculty.history.wisc.edu/sommerville/351/

351-11.htm>.

"The Spanish Crisis in Iberia: Catalonia and Portugal." Shaping History. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2012. <http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft500006j4>.

"The Age of Crisis." Response to Crisis: State Building and the Search for Order in the Seventeenth Century. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Oct. 2012.      <http://webpages.cs.luc.edu/~dennis/106/106-Bkgr/15-Absolutism.pdf>.