Rococo / Enlightenment / Neoclassicism 18 th Century. 1765. 1766. GERMAIN BOFFRAND (French Rococo architect, 1667-1754) Salon de la Princesse , Hôtel de Soubise, Paris, France, 1737–1740.
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HYACINTHE RIGAUD (French) Louis XIV, 1701, over 9 ft high / Baroque
(left) Peter Paul Rubens, The Arrival of Marie de Medici in France, 1622-25. Baroque (right) Antoine Watteau, Return from Cythera, 1717-19. Rococo (Rubeniste)Both were Flemish artists.
For Boucher, who cultivated Rococo whimsicality and licentiousness, the natural world was "too green and badly lit.”
Denis Diderot (1713-1784)
created the first encyclopedia
to promote democratization
Voltaire (Francois Marie Arouet,
1694-1778) – attacked both state
and church of the “old regime.”
A small orrery from the mid-18th
century. Solar system as a clock: emblematic of Rationalism
Conversion of Saint Paul,
CHARDIN (French) Grace at Table, 1740
Compare genre scenes of Chardin and Vermeer
FRANÇOIS BOUCHER (French, 1703-1770), Cupid a Captive, 1754. Oil on canvas, approx. 5’ 6” x 2’ 10”.
From the Late 18th Century in Europe
“Marks of heroism and
civic virtue offered the
eyes of the people [will]
electrify its soul, and plant
the seeds of glory and
devotion to the fatherland.”
That old feuds might be forgotten
And old wounds be healed forever”
Edmonia Lewis, Old Arrow Maker, modeled 1866, carved 1872, marble, 21 1/2 x 13 5/8 x 13 3/8 inches. Inspired by Longfellow’s epic 1855 poem, “The Song of Hiawatha,” Minnehaha (with European features) is shown "plaiting mats of flags and rushes" and her father "making arrowheads of jasper.“ Hiawatha was Chippewa like Edmonia Lewis. // Neoclassicism