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The Abbasid Dynasty. Advancements Made in Mathematics, Astronomy, and Medicine. BIG IDEA!!!!. Muslims scholars researched the works of earlier cultures and used older knowledge to build new understandings They “stood on the shoulders of giants”. House of Wisdom.

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the abbasid dynasty

The Abbasid Dynasty

Advancements Made in Mathematics, Astronomy, and Medicine

big idea
BIG IDEA!!!!
  • Muslims scholars researched the works of earlier cultures and used older knowledge to build new understandings
  • They “stood on the shoulders of giants”
house of wisdom
House of Wisdom
  • Abbasid center for learning and scholarship in Baghdad
  • Works translated
  • New ideas developed
mathematics
Mathematics
  • Muslim scholars borrowed and improved upon ideas from the Indians, Egyptians, and Ancient Greeks
  • al-Khwarizmi
    • Developed basic methods for computation—decimal points, symbols used, etc.
    • Wrote Hisab al-jabr “algebra”
    • Heavily influenced the study of math

http://www.muslimheritage.com/uploads/Al_Khwarizmi_Inventor_of_Algebra_Corona_Brezina_Fig_6.JPG

astronomy
Astronomy
  • al-Buruni
    • Figured out how to find the direction to Mecca from anywhere on earth
  • Omar Khayyam
    • The great poet read al-Khwarizmi’s works and the works of the ancient Greeks
    • Used this knowledge to create accurate calendars

http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/scienceislam/index.php

astrolabe
Astrolabe!
  • Ancient instrument used by Muslim scientists to measure stars in the sky
medicine
Medicine
  • HOSPITALS
  • Muslims doctors
    • Read ancient books (Roman, Greek, etc.) on medicine
    • Combined the ancient knowledge with new ideas and understandings
  • IbnSina (called Avicenna in Europe)
    • Wrote Canon of Medicine around 1000 AD
    • Described all known medical knowledge
    • Remained the most important medical book in Europe and in the Middle East for 600 years
  • Al-Razi (called Rhazes in Europe)
    • Persian born doctor, read old studies to help identify and describe diseases like smallpox

http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/islam/science/medicine/