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WORLD WAR I WEB QUEST

WORLD WAR I WEB QUEST

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WORLD WAR I WEB QUEST

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  1. WORLD WAR IWEB QUEST Ethan Graham Matt Stortz Adam Harris Mark Shelton

  2. Introduction Popular support for World War I was garnered by imagery used in newspapers and posters. This phenomena is known as propaganda. Propaganda posters played a major role in World War I. In the next few days, you will encounter some examples of propaganda, as well as a brief overview of the war. Following this, you will be given the opportunity to create your very own piece of propaganda from the country of your choice.

  3. Examples of Propaganda

  4. The Task at Hand • You will be using the internet to find various forms of propaganda used during World War I. On the provided websites, you will examine multiple examples of propaganda, as well as other pertinent information about the war.

  5. THE OPPOSING FORCES

  6. THE CENTRAL POWERS • The Austro-Hungarian Empire • Germany • The Ottoman Empire • Bulgaria

  7. THE ALLIED POWERS • France • Russia • United Kingdom • United States • Australia • Belgium • Canada • Italy

  8. INTRO TO THE WAR & PROPAGANDA Look at the following website. It is filled with information and fun facts about the start of World War I and the use of propaganda during the war. • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/index.htm Look at the following website. It is filled with information and fun facts about the start of World War I and the use of propaganda during the war. • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/index.htm Look at the following website. It is filled with information and fun facts about the start of World War I and the use of propaganda during the war. • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/index.htm

  9. BRITISH PROPAGANDA The following websites have information about Britain’s war effort and their use of propaganda posters. They also have multiple examples of propaganda posters for you to examine. • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/uk.htm • http://gulib.lausun.georgetown.edu/dept/speccoll/britpost/britpost.htm • http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=1171&HistoryID=ab07

  10. EXAMPLES OFBRITISH PROPAGANDA

  11. AMERICAN PROPAGANDA The following websites have information about America’s war effort and their use of propaganda posters. They also have multiple examples of propaganda posters for you to examine. • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/usa.htm • http://www.cornellcollege.edu/history/courses/stewart/his260-3-2006/04%20four/WWIantiGerman.htm • http://www.cornellcollege.edu/history/courses/stewart/his260-3-2006/04%20four/WWIRecruitment.htm • http://www.cornellcollege.edu/history/courses/stewart/his260-3-2006/04%20four/WWIResources.htm • http://www.library.georgetown.edu/dept/speccoll/guac/amposter_99/

  12. EXAMPLES OFAMERICAN PROPAGANDA

  13. GERMAN PROPAGANDA The following websites have information about Germany’s war effort and their use of propaganda posters. They also have multiple examples of propaganda posters for you to examine. • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/germany.htm • http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/sub_imglist.cfm?sub_id=188&section_id=11 • http://www.world-war-pictures.com/german-war-posters.htm

  14. EXAMPLES OFGERMAN PROPAGANDA

  15. FRENCH and BELGIAN PROPAGANDA The following websites have information about France and Belgium’s war effort and their use of propaganda posters. They also have multiple examples of propaganda posters for you to examine. • France: http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/france.htm • http://www.world-war-pictures.com/french-war-posters.htm • Belgium: http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/belgium.htm

  16. EXAMPLES OFFRENCH PROPAGANDA

  17. EXAMPLE OFBELGIAN PROPAGANDA

  18. AUSTRALIAN PROPAGANDA The following websites have information about Australia’s war effort and their use of propaganda posters. They also have multiple examples of propaganda posters for you to examine. • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/australia.htm • http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/ww1.asp • http://www.anzacday.org.au/history/ww1/homefront/recruiting.html

  19. EXAMPLES OFAUSTRALIAN PROPAGANDA

  20. CANADIAN PROPAGANDA The following websites have information about Canada’s war effort and their use of propaganda posters. They also have multiple examples of propaganda posters for you to examine. • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/canada.htm • http://www.worldwar1.com/post008.htm

  21. EXAMPLES OFCANADIAN PROPAGANDA

  22. ITALIAN PROPAGANDA The following websites have information about Italy’s war effort and their use of propaganda posters. They also have multiple examples of propaganda posters for you to examine. • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/italy.htm • http://www.world-war-pictures.com/italian-war-posters.htm

  23. EXAMPLES OFITALIAN PROPAGANDA

  24. RUSSIAN PROPAGANDA The following websites have information about Russia’s war effort and their use of propaganda posters. They also have multiple examples of propaganda posters for you to examine. • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/russia.htm • http://www.ww1-propaganda-cards.com/warloans_russia.html

  25. EXAMPLES OFRUSSIAN PROPAGANDA

  26. WEB QUEST TIMELINE • DAY ONE: On day one we will be introducing the concept of propaganda. Students will be looking at eight posters and determining what the purpose of each poster was and how they went about trying to reach their goal.

  27. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN • Topic: The use of propaganda in World War One. • Introduction: Copies of a handout will be distributed to the class. We will then divide the class into small groups and explain the assignment for the day. Students will be picking out one propaganda poster at a time and determining what the goal for each poster was and what tools were used in the poster and recording their findings on the handout.

  28. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN ISBE Standards: • Goal 16 B.5a – Analyze worldwide consequences of isolated political events, including the events triggering the Napoleonic Wars and World Wars One and Two. • Goal 16 A.5b – Explain the tentative nature of historical interpretations.

  29. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Learner Objectives: High school juniors will be able to detect the goals of and tools used in propaganda posters from World War I as they complete a handout in small groups.

  30. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Materials: Enough copies of the handout for the entire class and several copies of each propaganda poster.

  31. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Procedure: • Each group will be given a poster and they will determine the goal and the tools used, and then someone from each group will pick up another poster and drop off the one they finished at the front of the room. I will walk around the room answering any questions the students have and making sure that everyone in each group is participating. By the end of class each group will have seen all eight posters and completed the handout.

  32. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Assessment: • Instructions: Today we will be looking at propaganda posters from World War I. Each poster was created with a specific goal, and all used certain tools to try to achieve that goal. This page contains a list of several possible goals of the propaganda posters and several tools used in the posters. In your group you will look at 8 posters and determine one goal for each poster and two tools used to achieve that goal and record them on the next page.

  33. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Assessment: GOALS OF PROPAGANDA POSTERS • Recruitment of soldiers: Posters aimed at recruitment attempted to get men to join the army and fight for their country. • Conservation of goods: These posters encouraged people at home to conserve goods so that they could be used by soldiers in the war. • Purchasing of war bonds: These posters advocated the purchase of war bonds, which would help the government fund the war. • Support for the war at home: These posters encouraged people not in the army to become involved in the war at home by joining organizations or working in industries related to the war effort.

  34. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Assessment: TOOLS USED IN PROPAGANDA POSTERS • Catchy phrases: Posters often used catchy phrases or slogans in order to stick in the memory of the people who saw them. • Appeals to patriotism: Displaying symbols of the country was a strategy used in propaganda posters, and could include anything from flags to symbols such as eagles. • Demonization of the enemy: Another strategy involved a direct attack on the enemy. In these posters the enemy is portrayed as a demonic figure that is often doing things that no moral human being would do. • Half-Truths/Half-Lies: These posters used inaccurate information in an attempt to persuade viewers. • Caricatures: These posters portray the enemy in a ridiculous fashion and make them appear as if they are not human. • Appeals to emotion: These posters attempt to create an emotional response in the viewer, who will then be compelled to act. • Name Calling: These posters resort to insults or name calling directed at the enemy.

  35. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Assessment: Poster 1 – Only the Navy Can Stop This (USA) • Goal: • Tools: Poster 2 – Be Patriotic (USA) • Goal: • Tools: Poster 3 - Back Our Girls Over There (USA) • Goal: • Tools: Poster 4 - Blot It Out (USA) • Goal: • Tools: Poster 5 - Red Cross or Iron Cross (UK) • Goal: • Tools: Poster 6 - Geh’ o Soldat! (Germany) • Goal: • Tools: Poster 7 - Who’s Absent? (UK) • Goal: • Tools: Poster 8 - Kultur vs. Humanity (Canada) • Goal: • Tools:

  36. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN • Assessment:

  37. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN • Assessment:

  38. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Assessment Tools: Enough copies of the handout for each group and teacher observation to ensure participation.

  39. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Plans for Diversity: At the end of this class students will be asked to consider where they saw minorities in any of the posters, especially in the American posters. Even though there were many African-American soldiers, they are not represented in any of the posters.

  40. Day One- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Closing: Each student will hand in their completed handout and we will go over the answers. We will then preview tomorrow’s lesson, the WebQuest!

  41. WEB QUEST TIMELINE • DAY TWO: On day two the web portion of the web quest will begin. Each student will be selecting a country. They will use the web to find out information about their individual country’s participation in the war. They will also use the web to look at examples of propaganda from every country involved in the war. If they have time they will get a head start on the creation of their propaganda poster.

  42. Day Two- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Topic: World War One propaganda poster WebQuest Introduction: Now that the class has seen propaganda in use, they will spend some time learning more time about individual countries and their participation in World War One.

  43. Day Two- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN ISBE Standards: • Goal 16 B.5a – Analyze worldwide consequences of isolated political events, including the events triggering the Napoleonic Wars and World Wars One and Two. • Goal 16 A.5b – Explain the tentative nature of historical interpretations.

  44. Day Two- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Learner Objectives: High school juniors will be able to understand this history of an individual country during its time in World War One. They will then synthesize their knowledge on the country of their choice into the creation of a propaganda poster.

  45. Day Two- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Materials: Computers with web access, construction paper, coloring materials

  46. Day Two- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Procedure: We will travel to the computer lab where students will begin the WebQuest. On the desktop of each computer they will find this power point file. This is where they will begin their quest. After browsing the first few pages of the Power Point, students will then select a country that took part in World War One that they are interested in learning more about. They will be encouraged to pick one of the major powers, because they will be easier to find information on.

  47. Day Two- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Procedure: After selecting a country, students will use the links provided to find out more about their country of choice’s participation in the war. They will also take a look at examples of propaganda from all the other participants in the war. This will give them an idea of what each country was trying to do with the posters. Students will begin to formulate ideas for the creation of their own propaganda posters.

  48. Day Two- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Procedure: After sufficiently researching their country of choice, students will be given the opportunity to start creating their own poster. Students will need to include at least two of tools of propaganda discussed on the previous day to accomplish one of the goals from the previous day.

  49. Day Two- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Procedure: We will also mention to the students that they need to write a one page rationale explaining why they chose the goal and the tools they are using to reach that goal on their poster. The rationale will be due on the day of their presentation. The rationale must include: The goal of their propaganda poster. The tools used to reach that goal. An explanation for what their poster has to do with their country of choice.

  50. Day Two- WW1 PROPAGANDA LESSON PLAN Assessment: Students will be assessed based on their active participation in the computer lab.