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Physical Activity for Life . Chapter 4. Objectives. Understand the importance of regular physical activity for enhancing and maintaining personal health throughout the life span. Examine the effects of regular physical activity on body systems.

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Presentation Transcript
  • Understand the importance of regular physical activity for enhancing and maintaining personal health throughout the life span.
  • Examine the effects of regular physical activity on body systems.
  • Analyze the relationship between regular physical activity and disease prevention
  • Discover ways to incorporate physical activity into daily life
physical activity and your health
Physical Activity and Your Health
  • Whatever you preference, regular physical activity enhances your health.
  • Physical Activity – any form of movement that cause the body to use energy.
  • Physical Fitness – the ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands.
benefits to physical health
Benefits to Physical Health
  • Physical activity makes your body stronger, increases your energy, and improves posture.
  • Cardiovascular system – physical activity strengthens the heart muscle, allowing it to pump blood more efficiently.
  • Respiratory System – Physical activity makes the respiratory system work more efficiently by breathing in larger amounts of air.
  • Nervous System – Physical activity helps you to respond more quickly to stimuli, improving reaction time.
benefits to mental emotional health
Benefits to Mental/Emotional Health
  • It can help to reduce stress.
  • Allow you to manage anger in a healthy way.
  • Help you look and feel better to increase self-confidence.
  • Give you a sense of pride and accomplishment in taking care of yourself.
  • Reduce mental fatigue by bring more oxygen to the brain.
benefits of social health
Benefits of Social Health
  • Building self-confidence which helps you cope better in social situations, such as meeting new people.
  • Giving you the opportunity to interact and cooperate with others.
  • Helping you manage stress which can enhance relationships with others.
risks of physical inactivity
Risks of Physical Inactivity
  • More that 1 in 3 teens do NOT participate regularly in vigorous physical activity.
  • Vigorous physical activity declines significantly during the teen years, from 73% of 9th grades to 61% of 12th graders.
  • Only 29% of teens attend a daily physical education class.
risks of physical inactivity1
Risks of Physical Inactivity
  • Sedentary lifestyle – a way of life that involves little physical activity.
  • May spend time watching TV, playing video games, or working on the computer rather then being physically active.
  • This will lead to negative affects on your health.
risks of physical inactivity2
Risks of Physical Inactivity
  • Diabetes – a disorder that prevents the body from converting food into energy.
  • Unhealthful weight gain, which is linked to cardiovascular disease.
  • Osteoporosis – condition characterized by a decrease in bone density , producing porous and fragile bones.
approaches to everyday activities
Approaches to Everyday Activities
  • Instead of….
  • Playing video or computer games.
  • Getting a ride to a friends house.
  • Using a shopping cart.
  • Watching TV or taking a nap.
  • Taking the car to the car wash.
  • Try…
  • Playing soccer, basketball, tennis.
  • Walking, skating, or ride a bike.
  • Carry groceries to car.
  • Gardening or mowing the lawn.
  • Wash the car yourself or for your parents.
how ironic
How Ironic?!
  • Instead of taking the escalator or elevator
  • Try…walking the steps!
physical activity and weight control
Physical Activity and Weight Control
  • Metabolism – the process by which your body gets energy from food.
  • Food’s energy is measured in heat units called calories.
  • When you are physically active your metabolism rises and your body will burn more calories.
fitting physical activity into your life
Fitting Physical Activity into Your Life
  • Health professionals recommend 60 minutes of physical activity each day.
  • Examples: walking, biking, pick-up games with friends, hiking, swimming, bowling, golfing, and tennis are just a few examples of activities.
small group activity promote the benefits of physical activity p 76
Small Group Activity: Promote the Benefits of Physical Activity p.76
  • In this activity you will think of ways that different activities benefit all three parts of the health triangle. Then you’ll choose an activity and create a plan to try it out.
lesson 1 review questions
Lesson 1 Review Questions
  • What is the difference between physical activity and physical fitness?
  • Examine and briefly describe the effects of regular physical activity on 3 body systems.
  • Analyze the relationship between regular physical activity and disease prevention.