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INDUSTRIALIZATION OF NEW ORDER FROM HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES: A Preliminary Study. BY: YUDA B. TANGKILISAN DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ( A Paper for Seminar Hasil Penelitian FIB UI, Depok, 2 Juni 2009). BACKGROUNDS. INDUSTRIALIZATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

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industrialization of new order from historical perspectives a preliminary study

INDUSTRIALIZATION OF NEW ORDER FROM HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES: A Preliminary Study

BY: YUDA B. TANGKILISAN

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY

(A Paper for Seminar Hasil Penelitian FIB UI, Depok, 2 Juni 2009)

backgrounds
BACKGROUNDS
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION IN INDONESIAN HISTORY
    • Colonial Times: No industrialization: Missed Opportunity ?
    • 1945 to 1966: “Nasionalisasi” disturbed by Political Turbulances
why new order
WHY NEW ORDER ?
  • IMAGES OF NEW ORDER: Paint it black?
  • LESSONS FROM THE PAST
  • TIMES OF REAL INDUSTRIALIZATION
  • HISTORIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW
    • Pesimistic point of view
    • Optimistic point of view
problems
PROBLEMS
  • THE MAKING OF INDUSTRIAL POLICIES FROM IMPORT SUBSTITUTION TO EXPORT PROMOTION
  • CHALLENGES AND RESPONSES
  • VESTED INTERESTS OF POLICY MAKERS
  • POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC CONTEXT
  • INDUSTRIAL POLICIES CHANGES
methodology
METHODOLOGY
  • HISTORICAL METHODS
    • Primary & Secondary Resources
    • Criticism (External & Internal)
    • Interpretation
      • Legal Approaches (Pelita)
      • Periodization
    • Writings
  • SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC APPROACHES
periodization
PERIODIZATION
  • FROM H.R. HARTARTO SASTROSUNARTO
  • (Industrialisasi serta Pembangunan Sektor Pertanian dan Jasa Menuju Visi Indonesia 2030. Jakarta, 2006)
  • 1. Stabilization and Recovery (1966-1969)
  • 2. Supporting Agriculture & Import Substitution (1969-1978)
  • 3. Growth of Industries (1978-1983)
  • 4. Birth of Industrial Policies (1983-1993)
supporting opinions
SUPPORTING OPINIONS
  • THE YEARS OF 1984 TO 1993: THE GROWTH OF MANUFACTURE
  • ANNE BOOTH (2001)
  • SUMITRO DJOJOHADIKUSUMO (1991)
  • THE KIAN WIE (1994)
  • MARI E. PANGESTU (1994)
the industrial policies
THE INDUSTRIAL POLICIES
  • INDUSTRY ACTS OF 1984 NO. 5
  • MAIN STRATEGIC POLICIES (6 Points)
    • 1. Developing the Structure of Industries
    • 2. Machines and Electronics
    • 3. Small-scale Industries
    • 4. Export of Industrial products
    • 5. Research and Applied Sciences
    • 6. Entrepreneurship & Professionals
the industrial policies 2
THE INDUSTRIAL POLICIES (2)
  • SUPPORTING STRATEGIC POLICIES (4 Points)
    • 1. Legal Grounds
    • 2. Clusters of Industries
    • 3. Linkage Programs
    • 4. Domestic and Foreign Markets
  • PERFORMANCES AND ACHIEVEMENTS
concludary remarks
CONCLUDARY REMARKS
  • THE IMPORTANCE OF HISTORICAL ANALYSIS
  • THE SIGNIFICANCE OF INDUSTRIAL POLICIES (RELATED WITH VISIONS)
  • THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN INDUSTRIALIZATION
  • NOT ONE MAN SHOW
  • CULTIVATING INDUSTRIAL HISTORY