Delayed Independence. Angola- Portuguese colony Feb1961 riots in Luanda as members of Movimento Popular de Libertacao de Angola- MPLA tried to free political prisoners from city prison Luanda White population went on rampage attacking black people
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Angola- Portuguese colony
Feb1961 riots in Luanda as members of Movimento Popular de Libertacao de Angola- MPLA tried to free political prisoners from city prison
Luanda White population went on rampage attacking black people
March 1961 Revolt broke out in Northern Angola 6,000 African loyalist $ 2000 whites killed by suppoters of Uniao Das Poplacoes de Angola -UPA led by Holden Roberto. This was the largest number of whites killed in any anti- colonial struggle at a time. UPA operated from Zaire and Roberto was influenced by Lumuba
UPA was supported by Bakongo people –lived both sides of Angola and Zaire
1962 UPA merged with other party to form Frente Nacional de
Libertacao de Angola -FNLA adopted guerrilla tactics.
Portuguese were totally unprepared and had to seek help from
Portugal of 50,000 troops who suppressed the revolt and killed over 50,000 Africans.
1962& 64 Other revolts took place that were severely crushed,
Portuguese attacks were severely criticized in UN by all countries except SA and Spain
Minimal changes were made but Portuguese refused to decamp and remained in power