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Independence - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Independence. Definition : A group of people that gain freedom to rule themselves. (independence of a country). Synonyms (same as):. Vocabulary Word: Independence. Use it meaningfully in a Sentence :. Draw a picture of it:. Who “owned” it?. India. Vietnam.

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Definition: A group of people that gain freedom to rule themselves. (independence of a country)

Synonyms (same as):

Vocabulary Word:


Use it meaningfully in a


Draw a picture of it:

who owned it
Who “owned” it?



  • Great Britain and France took control of India and Vietnam. This is called colonization.

Great Britain


india ruled by britain
India Ruled by Britain
  • Great Britain wanted India for trade (spices, cotton)
  • India’s government was run by Great Britain.
  • The United States was run by Australia!?!?

What problems would we run into?

india s growth of nationalism
India’s growth of Nationalism
  • Indian people began to see that they wanted Indians to rule India.
  • He was one of the leaders of the Indian independence movement.
  • Gandhi used “non-violent” protest to fight unfair British laws.
indian independence
Indian Independence
  • Great Britain was pressured into giving Indians their independence.
  • It took many, many nonviolent protest from Gandhi and others to make this happen.
brain joggers
Brain Joggers
  • In the first picture (the man putting a flower in the gun), who do you have more sympathy for, the man with the gun or the man with the flower? Why?
  • In the two pictures concerning the American civil rights movement (sit-ins and Rosa Parks), why did these people use non violent protest?
  • Who is more brave in the picture with the tank and the man? Is it the man in front of the tank or the tank driver? Why?
  • Why does Dr. King say that non violent protest is needed?
  • Instead of non violent demonstrations, what alternatives would his critics have recommended?
  • What did King hope to accomplish by demonstrating publicly?
2 25 brain jogger
2/ 25 Brain Jogger

Please read page 611- 613 in your book and answer the following questions:

  • Why did the British want to set up factories and trading centers in India?
  • How did the Indians react to the British?
  • What were Gandhi’s hopes for India?

Gandhi: King – 6 Major Principles of Nonviolence

• It is not a method for cowards: it does resist.

– G. if cowardice is the only alternative to violence, it is better to fight.

• It does not seek to defeat or humiliate the opponent, but to win his friendship and


– Tactic: to awaken a sense of moral shame in the opponent. (moral jiu-jitsu, p.57)

• The attack is directed against forces of evil rather than against persons who happen

to be doing the evil

– Issue not – race or color, but injustice and evil.

• A willingness to accept suffering without retaliation, to accept blows from the

opponent without striking back.

– Suffering can save both the black and white from a paralysis of the spirit.

• It is based on the conviction that the universe is on the side of justice.

– Here comes our hope.

• It avoids not only external physical violence but also internal violence of the spirit.

– King will root his non-violence in love-force (G. was in “truth-force)