Chapter 3 Section 2. Colonists brought ideas and customs from Europe. Most believed: ________________________________ ________________________________. ________________________________. Differences between social ranks showed in colonial clothes, houses, and manners.
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Colonists brought ideas and customs from Europe. Mostbelieved: • ________________________________ • ________________________________. • ________________________________. • Differences between social ranks showed in colonial clothes, houses, and manners. • Ordinary people wore dresses or plain pants and shirts. • Gentry (“gentle folk” ) wore wigs, silk stockings, lace cuffs, and the latest fashions. • Gentry— men and women wealthy enough to hire others to work for them
Wealth in Land • For colonists, land =_____________. Most landowners were white men. • Mansions displayed wealth • In each colony, a small group of elite landowning men dominated politics.
Artisans Young boys became _________________, made silver products, cabinets, tinware, pottery, and glassware. Very vital -local news and information. _______________, most famous printers, published Poor Richard’s Almanac. Printers Farms varied from large cash-crop plantations in the South to small, self-supporting farms in the Middle and New England Colonies. Farmers Trades and Occupations
Women’s Duties _______________ Gardening Washing ________________ Weaving cloth Assisting others in childbirth ________________ ________________ Colonial Women Women and the Law • English common law- husbands had complete control over wife. Women could not: • __________________ __________________ • Husbands were allowed to beat their wives.
The Nature of Work • Goal for colonial household was to beself-sufficient._______________________________ _____________________ • Men grew crops, or made goods like shoes, guns, and candles. • Women ran the household and assisted with the crops. • ________________________________________.
Colonial Education • Children received very little ___________________. • Puritans believed everyone should read the ______, so New England Colonies became early leaders in the development of ________________________. • ___________________passed a law requiring towns to set up grammar schools for boys. Girls expected to learn from their mothers at home. • only the ____________ attended college, trained to be lawyers or ministers. Harvard, Yale, and William and Mary were the only three colleges in the colonies until the 1740s.