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Sri Lanka as a Knowledge Hub . By Dr. Sunil Jayantha Nawaratne Secretary, Ministry of Higher Education Sri Lanka sec@mohe.gov.lk ; jaynawa@gmail.com. Sri Lanka as a Knowledge Hub . What Are Knowledge Hubs?.

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sri lanka as a knowledge hub

Sri Lanka as a Knowledge Hub

By

Dr. Sunil Jayantha Nawaratne

Secretary, Ministry of Higher Education

Sri Lanka

sec@mohe.gov.lk; jaynawa@gmail.com

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

sri lanka as a knowledge hub1
Sri Lanka as a Knowledge Hub

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

what are knowledge hubs
What Are Knowledge Hubs?
  • Knowledge Hubs are institutions or networks that enable countries to learn systematically by sharing and exchanging development experiences with domestic and international partners in order to accelerate development.
  • http://wbi.worldbank.org/sske/news/what-are-knowledge-hubs

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t wo types of knowledge hubs
Two types of Knowledge Hubs

National Knowledge Hubs, which usually act as central coordination agencies

  •  They cover a certain range of, if not all, sectors and themes on which solutions can be exchanged and involve mostly governmental institutions of a country, such as line ministries, sector institutions or thematic centers of excellence.
  • These hubs stand for a broad effort to channel knowledge to and from partners abroad and among domestic players. As such, they are often coordinating with thematic knowledge hubs as implementing entities.

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two types of knowledge hubs
Two types of Knowledge Hubs
  • Thematic Knowledge Hubs, which focus on specific solutions in distinct sectors and areas, such as agriculture, climate change, public health or social protection. Institutional models are very diverse, depending on the specific national and sector context, and range from departments in line ministries, to cross-country Communities of Practice. Thematic knowledge hubs are usually practitioner-driven and tend to proactively involve broad groups of specialized actors, including central governments, local authorities, academia, the private sector, and civil society organizations.

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knowledge clusters
Knowledge Clusters
  • Knowledge clusters are agglomerations (Jumbled Mass) of organizations that are production-oriented.
  • Their production is primarily directed to knowledge as output or input. Knowledge clusters have the organizational capability to drive innovations and create new industries. They are central places within an epistemic landscape, i.e. in a wider structure of knowledge production and dissemination.
  • Examples for organizations in knowledge clusters are universities and colleges, research institutions, think tanks, government research agencies and knowledge-intensive firms.

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knowledge hubs
Knowledge Hubs
  • Knowledge hubs may exist in the same locations as knowledge clusters and may be nested within them. Knowledge hubs are local innovation systems that are nodes in networks of knowledge production and knowledge sharing. They are characterized by high connectedness and high internal and external networking and knowledge sharing capabilities. As meeting points of communities of knowledge and interest, knowledge hubs fulfill three major functions:(GTT)
  • 1) to generate knowledge,
  • 2) to transfer knowledge to sites of application;
  • 3) and to transmit knowledge to other people through education and training

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government vision mahinda chinthana
Government vision (MahindaChinthana)

“Develop a youth who can see the world over the horizon”

“We have the opportunity to make this country a knowledge hub within the South Asian region. I will develop and implement an operational plan to make this country a local and international research and training centre for knowledge”

MahindaChintana 2010 (President’s Mandate)

HE Mahinda Rajapaksa

Executive President

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

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government vision 9 hubs
Government Vision – 9 Hubs

Tourism Hub

Health

Hub

Sri Lanka - Miracle of Asia

IT – BPO Hub

New Industries

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knowledge hub partners
Knowledge Hub Partners

Enterprise Structure

State sector Institutes

  • 5 Ministries
  • 15 National Universities
  • 2 Buddhist Universities
  • 17 HE Institutes
  • 12 Advance Technological Institutes
  • 10 Degree Granting Institutes
  • 52 Non State affiliated HEIs
  • 42 Professional Institutes
  • 15 Research Labs and Institutes
  • 2,000 PhD holders
  • R&D budget and investment
  • Government Corporations / Authorities
  • 200 +Listed companies
  • Non Listed companies
  • SMEs
  • Cluster Leaders:
    • Aviation, Naval, Energy, Commercial
    • Tourism, Health, IT/BPO, New Business

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what higher education can do
What Higher Education can do?
  • Human Capital Development – Q+Q
  • Research – Knowledge Creation, Gathering and Adoption (acceptance) & Adaption (alternation, change)
  • Innovation (novelty), Invention (discovery) and Product Creation & Commercialization
  • Competitive and Comparative Advantages
  • Marketing Knowhow + Networks and channels

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vision
Vision

To make Sri Lanka as an international hub of excellence inhigher education by 2020

sri lanka as
Sri Lanka as…
  • Higher Education Hub
    • Globally Employable + Enterprising Graduates
    • World Class Universities ( HE as one of our major EXPORTS)
      • Local – 7 universities – University Townships with unique Universities
      • 10 World Class Universities – UCLAN – University of Central Lancashire + Raffles + Manipal University + SLT with an Ireland University + Many more
      • 50,000 foreign Students+ 500 foreign professors and Researchers
      • Most Cost effective and Quality Education and Research Centre
      • SevenKnowledge Cities – Gampaha + Kandy + Hambantota + Puttlam + Batticaloa + Kilinochi + Deniyaya

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major initiatives
Major Initiatives

MOHE / UGC / Universities

Non-State Sector

Three new Engineering faculties (SLIIT, SAITM, North show)

One Medical Faculty

New ICT, Management, Quantity Survey etc

CIMA, CA, Law, CMA,

New Tourism Degree Prog – SLIIT

NSBM new full-fledged University

  • Three new Engineering faculties (SE/Jaffna/Japura)
  • Expanding OUSL Eng Faculty

3. New IT faculty – KU

4. New Post Graduate Program in Medicine ( PU)

5. New Aviation, Petroleum, Space Eng faculty – MU

6. Modern Medical Faculty – JU

7. New Tourism Degree Programs – SU, Rararata, Col U,

8. KDU – Medicine, Engineering

9. 25 University Colleges –MOYVT

10. Measure and Improve the Employability of Graduates

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major
Major……

21. IT and English for all

22. Internship Program for all

23. OBE and SCL

24. Indigenous Knowledge Development

25. ICT Based Management

26. SLQF – Qualification Framework & Quality Assurance

27. More Foreign Students

11. 10% of Capital Budget should go to R&D

12. University Township Program

13. 60 Hostel Project for all Universities

14. Rapid Infrastructure development

15. 1,000 PhD program – 400 done

16. SIIIP program

17. Leadership Development

18. Kavitha Talent Show

19. Tri-Lingual Program

20 Enterprising Graduates and Professional Graduates

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our tag lines
Our Tag Lines
  • World Class Universities
  • Globally Employable + Enterprising Graduates
  • 100% Employable Graduates

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slide17
OBE
  • Outcome-based education calls for a shift in that paradigm (model, pattern), from contenttoprocess in which a child is called upon to demonstrate what (s)heknows and can doagainst standards established at the state and national [3] level.  
  • Instead of core knowledge being the focal point of education, problems, issues, and challenges based as on future trends presented in the context ofunit themes (also known as thematic units) becomes the focal point.

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exit outcomes
Exit Outcomes
  • Exit outcomes, stated in various ways, are pivotal to the entire restructuring process, are based onfuture trends, are complex demonstrations of personal development, and are intended to produce children who…
  •      are self directed learners;
  •  are critical thinkers/problem solvers/decision makers;
  • are communicators and collaborators (team players);
  •  can express themselves creatively, proactively, and responsibly;
  • easily adapt to change;
  • exhibit self-esteem; and
  • demonstrate concern, tolerance and respect for others as citizens in a global society [5]

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k sam total human capital development model developed by sunil nawaratne
K- SAM – Total Human Capital Development Model (Developed by Sunil Nawaratne)

Mindset

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k sam market is asking for k sam graduates employees
K- SAMMarket is asking for K- SAM graduates & employees

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teaching to learning
Teaching to Learning
  • Pedagogy
    • From lecture hall to environment for interactive, collaborative learning
    • From teacher to designer and coach
  • Classroom
    • From handicraft to commodity
    • From solitary students to learning communities
    • From campuses to virtual, distributed environments
  • Open learning
    • From teacher-centered to learner-centered
  • Passive Student to Active Learner to Demanding Consumer
    • Unleashing the power of the marketplace

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slide23

Skill Development

Technical

Competence

There is a gap in Skills that needs to be bridged in the future graduate

Solution

Synthesis

Ability

Lifelong Learning

Critical Thinking

Practical

aptitude

Behavioral

Skills

Entrepreneurship

- - - - - -Current Graduates

Future Graduates

Communication

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the changing world
The Changing World

SKILLS & ATTITUDES

  • Special skills
  • Planning & implementation
  • Navigating the bureaucracy
  • Following the heritage

FUTURE

NOW

  • Communications
  • Team-working
  • Human relations
  • Problem-solving
  • Design & innovations
  • Personal responsibility
  • Self-management
  • Ethics, values, principles

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paradigm shift
Paradigm Shift
  • Old – Instruction Paradigm
    • An educational institution exists to provide instruction.
  • New – Learning Paradigm
    • An educational institution exists to produce learning.

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slide26

Project Based Learning

Research Based Learning

Place Based Learning

Problem Based Learning

Game Based Learning

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inquiry based learning
Inquiry Based Learning

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e learning
E-Learning?

The idea is that learning is not based on objects and contentsthat are stored, as though in a library

http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt

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slide29

Rather, the idea is that learning is like a utility - like water or electricity - that flows in a network or a grip, that we tap into when we want

http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt

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slide30

The successful teacher is the teacher who becomes progressively redundant.

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slide31
Immersive learning = Learning by doing

http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt

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slide32

The computer connects the student to the rest of the world

Learning occurs through connections with other learners

Learning is based on conversation and interaction

  • Connected Learning

http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt

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ministry of education
Ministry of Education
  • 1,000 School Program with ICT Lab, Language Lab and Science Lab
  • Technological Stream and Degree program
  • New Teachers for Science, ICT, English, Tamil and Singhalese
  • Teaching as a new profession

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other ministries
Other Ministries
  • Young Inventors Program
  • SLINTEC – Nano – Technology Institute
  • More funding for Research & Development
  • Vidatha Program

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key achievements under e sri lanka development initiative towards ict sector
Key Achievements under e Sri Lanka Development Initiative towards ICT Sector
  • E-Sri Lanka Development initiative
  • Key Achievements
  • ICT Development Ranking – 2005 – 72, 2013 – 48.
  • ICT Literacy – 2005 – 8%, 2012 – 35%
  • 750 – Nenasala – 62.5% are financially viable

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it bpo sector
IT-BPO Sector
  • As of 2013, export revenues from IT-BPO services are estimated at over US$ 500 m, growing at approximately 22% per annum. When combined with the domestic market, total revenues are close to US$ One Billion. Direct employment exceeded 75,000 high-paying (Gold Collar) jobs in the IT/BPO sector, with indirect employment at 180,000.

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sri lanka among top 10
Sri Lanka among top - 10
  • Sri Lanka was awarded the prestigious “outsourcing destination of the Year” award by the National Outsourcing Association (NOA), UK in 2013. Sri Lanka was ranked in the top 10 most improved countries for doing business in 2013.Sri Lanka was also ranked among the top 25 global outsourcing destinations by AT Kearneyand among the top 30 outsourcing destinations by Gartner.

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

finally
Finally
  • Many prospect to become Knowledge Hub in the region
  • Each sector is trying their best to deliver their outcomes
  • But missing point is:
  • There is no integrated approach with PPP
  • Let’s work together to make our mother land – the miracle of Asia –
  • By achieving 9 Hubs in action
  • Specially with reference to KNOWLEDGE Hub
  • Generate – Transfer – Transmit the Knowledge – leading to Inventions, Innovations and commercialization.

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vision 1
Vision - 1

To make Sri Lanka as an international hub of excellence for higher education by 2020

strategic goals
Strategic GOALS
  • Increased opportunities and access to HE
  • Converted & new world class universities
  • Improved employability and quality of graduates
  • Improved stakeholder satisfaction
  • Improved global compatibility, global links and exchanges
  • Enhanced research, innovation and commercialization
  • Empowered universities & institutes with freedom to be competitive & unique
  • Improved effectiveness and efficiency of the HEIs
  • Converted higher education for attracting investments & foreign exchange
  • Enhanced entrepreneurship among graduates & diploma-holders
  • Contributing to the national development, reconciliation and peace
  • Improved infrastructure facilities of national higher education system
employment by faculty
Employment by Faculty

Percent employed increased with the time for all faculties except Arts_ext

Largest gap Applied Science(26%)

Smallest gap  Arts (1%)

employment by faculty1
Employment by Faculty

Percent employed increased with the time for all faculties except Agriculture

Largest increaseArts (21%)

Over all increase 11%

Medicine  2013 : 98% Employed, 2% underemployed

2012: data not available

employment by faculty2
Employment by Faculty

Percent employed increased with the time for faculties Agriculture (int) and Business Studies

Largest increaseBusiness (12%)

Over all increase 6%

marketing sri lanka as a centre of excellence
Marketing Sri Lanka as a centre of excellence
  • Agriculture
  • Creative industries (fashion, design)
  • Hospitality, Tourism, Travel and Leisure
  • Health and Life Sciences (traditional medicine – Ayurvedha)
  • Architecture
  • SAARC – Centre
  • Bio-Diversity, History, Irrigation
  • Philosophy (Buddhism etc.)
  • Conflict and peace studies
  • Security and defense studies
  • Business, Finance, and IT
    • Growing outsourcing industry (BPO & KPO)

Uva Wellassa University

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

questions and learning from others
Questions and learning from others
  • What is our niche? (subject areas, UG or PG?)
  • Regional accessibility?
  • Student experience/support systems?
  • Brain gain?
  • Access, equity, quality – avoiding state/private divide?
  • How to balance international academic standards with national needs and local identity and culture?
  • Funding models?

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marketing sri lanka as a centre of excellence1
Marketing Sri Lanka as a centre of excellence
  • Agriculture
  • Creative industries (fashion, design)
  • Hospitality, Tourism, Travel and Leisure
  • Health and Life Sciences (traditional medicine – Ayurvedha)
  • Architecture
  • Philosophy (Buddhism etc.)
  • Conflict and peace studies
  • Security and defense studies
  • Business, Finance, and IT
    • Growing outsourcing industry (BPO & KPO)

Uva Wellassa University

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

implementation
Implementation
  • Position Sri Lanka as a regional education hub in South East Asia
    • Expand Higher Education (HE) provision to meet local demand
    • Attract international HE providers
    • New regulatory framework to monitor quality across state and private sector provision
    • Establishment of international campuses and in-country delivery of foreign degrees
    • Market Sri Lanka as a study destination in the region

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

implementation cont
Implementation cont.
  • New HE Act, Quality Assurance and Accreditation Council
  • Up-grading state universities to world-class universities
    • Increase the research capacity
  • Ease restrictions on state universities to enrol foreign students and offer internationally accredited programmes
    • Attract 10,000 foreign students by 2015 and increase to 50,000 by 2020
  • Establish 10 world class foreign universitycampuses by 2020
  • Converting education as one of our key exports

University of Peradeniya Sri Lanka

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

questions and learning from others1
Questions and learning from others
  • What is our niche? (subject areas, UG or PG?)
  • Regional accessibility?
  • Student experience/support systems?
  • Brain gain?
  • Access, equity, quality – avoiding state/private divide?
  • How to balance international academic standards with national needs and local identity and culture?
  • Funding models?

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

12 competencies
12 Competencies
  • 12 Competencies
  • Well Researched by landmark studies by a number of major U.S. corporations have identified the 12 key competencies that highly effective managers and supervisors possess to a greater degree than do average performers. These critical competencies are the basis for the complete management development program MAP-Excel Proficiency and for EXCEL.  A description of the competencies may be downloaded here.
  • The Twelve Competencies Are . . .1. Time Management and Prioritizing2. Setting Goals and Standards3. Planning and Scheduling Work4. Listening and Organizing5. Giving Clear Information6. Getting Unbiased Information7. Training, Coaching, and Delegating8. Appraising People and Performance9. Disciplining and Counseling10. Identifying and Solving Problems11. Making Decisions, Weighing Risk12. Thinking Clearly & Analytically

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

slide56

4. K-Clusters and K-hubs

  • Most of the current literature does not draw a distinction between knowledge clusters and knowledge hubs. Policy statements in particular use both term arbitrarily. We feel that turning these terms into different analytical concepts would enhance our understanding of spatial processes. The most general concept would be “agglomeration”, i.e. clusters are agglomerations with ”proximity” as a crucial variable. Henry and Pinch use the term agglomeration and cluster synonymously “to refer to geographical groupings of firms (both large and small but often SMEs), broadly in the same sector, but extending beyond to incorporate greater parts of the value chain” (Henry and Pinch 2006:117).The cluster concept emphasizes the organizational aspect of agglomerations, while the term hub refers to the knowledge sharing and dissemination aspect. A more precise definition reads as follows

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education hub
Education Hub
  • Education hubs are important new developments. They represent a new generation of crossborder education activities. There is no ‘one size fits all’ model for education hubs, as local conditions, priorities and rationales vary from country to country and from hub to hub. There are different levels and types of hubs emerging but an education hub can be generally described as ‘the process of building a critical mass of local and foreign actors – including students, education institutions, companies, knowledge industries, science and technology centres – who collaborate in a strategic way on crossborder education, training, knowledge and innovation initiatives.’

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

k hub
K-Hub
  • Knowledge hubs are about integrative institutional configurations around new knowledge, education, intellectual capital development, innovation and investment. Obviously, in order to supply new knowledge, there must be a demand for it. What use of knowledge is made and therefore, what knowledge is demanded by business enterprises in Sri Lanka? This is a weak side of the equation. On the side of the government, is there a will; political, professional and bureaucratic? When is this will likely to become positive? First, let’s look at what knowledge hubs are and what they can do to business and economy.The term knowledge hub/education hub is being used by countries who are trying to build a critical mass of local and foreign players such as including students, education institutions, companies, science and technology centres who, thorough interaction engage in education, training, knowledge creation, and innovation.Some countries who have declared as knowledge hubs such as Singapore, Malaysia and Hong Kong, are trying to position themselves as centres for student recruitment, education and training, and in some cases research and innovation.The term hub is being used by many sectors; transportation, finance, communication and fashion. 
  • http://www.ft.lk/2013/10/21/developing-sri-lanka-as-a-knowledge-hub-in-asia-the-role-of-public-private-partnership/

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slide59
BALI COMMUNIQUE BY THE CO-ORGANIZERS HIGH LEVEL MEETING “TOWARDS COUNTRY-LED KNOWLEDGE HUBS” BALI, 10 JULY 2012
  • 3. Governments, bilateral, regional and multilateral development partners, as well as civil society, academia and the private sector need to work hand in hand to foster Knowledge Exchange around the key development challenges of today. These challenges can no longer be addressed in isolation, but demand comprehensive, collaborative and inclusive approaches that draw on the comparative strengths of all stakeholders

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slide60
BALI COMMUNIQUE BY THE CO-ORGANIZERS HIGH LEVEL MEETING “TOWARDS COUNTRY-LED KNOWLEDGE HUBS” BALI, 10 JULY 2012
  • 4. Developing countries understand that, in order to respond to the increased demand for Knowledge Exchange, they need to invest in their institutional capacity to share their experiences more systematically. Thus, they are taking a lead in setting up Knowledge Hubs. A Knowledge Hub is an organization or a network, dedicated to share and exchange development experiences and models with partners from other countries. Knowledge hubs facilitate mutual learning about helpful and innovative approaches that may be adapted and scaled up elsewhere.
  • http://api.ning.com/files/UHnSOwweuKQQVlnLZZnUK7l-m*JiFyweuS-lqcTCXBrip35yaD-97SOX2Utyht5SZotD9eQRYKSkSpxw0kfYfuIO0THwjHOx/BaliCommuni

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slide61
BALI COMMUNIQUE BY THE CO-ORGANIZERS HIGH LEVEL MEETING “TOWARDS COUNTRY-LED KNOWLEDGE HUBS” BALI, 10 JULY 2012
  • 5. Successful approaches to Knowledge Hubs build on the endeavors of trial-and-error at various stages of development, and the energy and commitment of all relevant national stakeholders. Strengthening of Knowledge Hubs can be effectively supported by development partners, e.g. as facilitators and brokers. Political leadership, sound coordination and sustainable funding arrangements are needed to develop and maintain Knowledge Hubs.

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

what is a knowledge worker
What Is a Knowledge Worker?
  • Transforms corporate and personal experiences into knowledge through capturing, assessing, applying, sharing, and disseminating it within the organization to solve specific problems or to create value

Transformation process

IT Tools

Values

KNOWLEDGE WORKER

Organizational

Culture

Personal and corporate experience

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core competencies
Core Competencies
  • Thinking skills— having a vision how the product or the company can be better
  • Continuous learning— unlearning and relearning in tune with fast-changing conditions
  • Innovative teams and teamwork— via collaboration, cooperation, and coordination
  • Creativity— ”dreaming” new ways to advance the firm

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core competencies cont d
Core Competencies (cont’d)
  • Risk taking and potential success— making joint decisions with calculated risk
  • Decision action taking— be willing to embrace professional discipline, patience, and determination
  • Culture of responsibility toward knowledge— loyalty and commitment to one’s manager or leader

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traditional vs smart managers
Traditional vs. Smart Managers

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major challenges
Major Challenges
  • Get the organization moving towards achieving goals in line with rate of change
  • Promote active learning to improve knowledge worker’s capacity to create, produce, and respond to change
  • Provide opportunities for knowledge workers to brainstorm ideas, exchange knowledge, and devise new ways of doing business

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responsibilities of smart managers
Responsibilities of Smart Managers
  • Managing knowledge workers
  • Searching out, creating, sharing, and using knowledge regularly
  • Maintaining work motivation among knowledge workers

Colombo University MBA Alumnai - 2014 - 02 - 25

what is knowledge society
What is Knowledge Society?
  • The emergence of the knowledge society, building on the pervasive influence of modern information and communication technologies, is bringing about a fundamental reshaping of the global economy. Its significance goes well beyond the hyping of the Internet. What is underway is a transformation of our economy and society
  • http://www.pragfoundation.net/concept/what-is-knowledge-society/

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linking to universities
Linking to Universities?
  • Knowledge has become the key resource. Knowledge has value, but so too does knowledge about knowledge. Creating value is about creating new knowledge and capturing its value.
  • The most important property is now intellectual property, not physical property. And it is the hearts and minds of people, rather than traditional labour, that are essential to growth and prosperity.
  • Workers at all levels in the 21st century knowledge society will need to be lifelong learners, adapting continuously to changed opportunities, work practices, business models and forms of economic and social organization. http://www.pragfoundation.net/concept/what-is-knowledge-society/

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knowledge workers
Knowledge Workers
  • Knowledge workers are employees who have a deep background in education and experience and are considered people who "think for a living." They include doctors, lawyers, inventors, teachers, nurses, financial analysts and architects.[6] As businesses increase their dependence on information technology, the number of fields in which knowledge workers must operate has expanded dramatically.

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slide71

Knowledge workers spend 38% of their time searching for information. They are also often displaced from their bosses, working in various departments and time zones or from remote sites such as home offices and airport lounges.[5]

  • Even though they sometimes are called "gold collars",[7] because of their high salaries, as well as because of their relative independence in controlling the process of their own work,[8]
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge_worker

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knowledge economy index
Knowledge Economy Index
  • 109 structural and qualitative variables for 146 countries to measure their performance on four Knowledge Economy pillars:
  • Economic Incentive and Institutional Regime,
  • Education,
  • Innovation, and
  • Information and Communications Technologies

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knowledge indexes
Knowledge Indexes

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the innovation system
The Innovation System
  • Royalty and License Fees Payments and Receipts
  • Patent Applications Granted by the Patent and Trademark Office
  • Scientific and Technical Journal Articles

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a model of a knowledge society
A Model of a Knowledge Society

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