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How does the amount of fertilizer affect the height of a soybean plant?. By I.M. Scientist. Purpose Question. What is the effect of amount of fertilizer on the height of a soybean plant measured in centimeters?. Background Research. 1. What is fertilizer?
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How does the amount of fertilizer affect the height of a soybean plant? By I.M. Scientist
Purpose Question What is the effect of amount of fertilizer on the height of a soybean plant measured in centimeters?
Background Research 1. What is fertilizer? Fertilizer is a supplement that contains 3 macronutrients that plants need: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. The numbers on a bag of fertilizer tell the percent of each of these macronutrients. The rest of the stuff just provides a vehicle to deliver the macronutrients.
Background Research 2. What do soybeans need to grow? Soybeans grow best in full sun and in warm weather. They prefer a rich soil, high in nitrogen, with a pH between 5.5 and 7. Soil should be kept moist and well-drained for optimum growth.
Background Research 3. What different types of fertilizer are there? Fertilizer can be quick release vs. slow release, liquid (which is more quick release) vs. solid, organic (which tends to focus on only one nutrient so has to be mixed). Fertilizer also differs in the percent of macronutrients.
Materials • Soybean seeds • Soil • Tap water • 12 ounce plastic cups • Permanent marker • Miracle Gro brand fertilizer • Measuring cup • Ruler • Cell phone camera • Paper • Pencil
Procedures • Gather materials • Label cups A, B, C, D, E, and F using a permanent marker • Fill each cup with 4 ounces of soil, measured using a measuring cup • Place 2 soybean seeds on top of soil in the center of the cup • Cover seeds with 4 more ounces of soil • Pack down soil lightly • Add 1 ounce of tap water to each cup using the measuring cup • Add 1 ounce of fertilizer to cups A and B using the measuring cup • Add 2 ounces of fertilizer to cups C and D using the measuring cup • Set cups on window sill in the sun, 3 inches away from the window • For 10 days, measure height of plant using a ruler at 5:00 pm. Record values in table. • Take pictures of plants every other day for 10 days using cell phone camera. • Water each cup with 1 ounce of tap water every other day. • After 10 days, plant soybeans in the ground or bring to school. Project is complete.
Hypothesis The cup containing the most fertilizer will cause the soybean plant to grow the tallest because fertilizer provides plants with extra nutrients to grow.
Data -- The effect of amount of fertilizer on height of soybean plants Height of soybeans in cm over 10 days
Data Analysis Average growth of beans With no fertilizer: 0.5 + 0 = 0.25 cm 2 With 1 oz. fertilizer: 1.1 + 0.9 = 1.0 cm 2 With 2 oz. fertilizer: 1.3 + 1.3 = 1.3 cm 2
Data Analysis The expected results of this experiment were that the soybeans grown with 2 oz. of fertilizer would grow the most and the soybeans grown without fertilizer would grow the least. The actual results matched the expected results. The average growth in the two trials using 2 oz. was 1.3 cm, the average growth in the two trials using 1 oz. was 1.0 cm, and the average growth in the two trials without fertilizer was 0.25 cm. Even if the soybean that did not grow is not counted, the growth was still only 0.5 cm. One source of error is that the growing beans were transferred from one location to another (school to home) after three days so that their growth could be measured every single day. To correct for this, the beans should be planted in a location that is accessible at all times.
Conclusion The purpose of this experiment was to determine the effect of amount of fertilizer on the height of soybean plants. The hypothesis being tested was that adding more fertilizer would cause plants to grow taller. To test this hypothesis, soybeans were grown from seed for 10 days using no fertilizer, 1 oz. of fertilizer, and two oz. of fertilizer. They were given the same amount of water and exposed to the same amount of sunlight and measured at the same time every day. The results of this experiment support the hypothesis. At the end of 10 days, the plants with 2 oz. of fertilizer had grown an average of 1.3 cm, the plants with 1 oz. of fertilizer had grown an average of 1.0 cm, and the plants with no fertilizer had grown an average of 0.25 cm.
Citations Mackey, Betty. "Preparing Garden Soil." TLC Home gardening tips. n. page. Web. 12 May. 2012. <http://tlc.howstuffworks.com/home/preparing-garden-soil6.htm>. none, none. "How to Grow Soybeans." Gardener's Network. n. page. Web. 12 May. 2012. <http://www.gardenersnet.com/vegetable/soybean.htm>. none, none. "Understanding Different Types of Fertilizer." Life123. n. page. Web. 12 May. 2012. <http://www.life123.com/home-garden/gardening-tips/soil-fertilizers/understanding-different-types-of-fertilizers.shtml>.