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WORKING AT HEIGHT MOHSG 30 March 2005. Chris Gallagher HSE Safety Unit. Overview. What is the problem? What is HSE doing? What should you do? New Work At Height Regulations Practical examples. What is the problem?. Fatal accidents falls from height 2003/04

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    1. WORKING AT HEIGHTMOHSG30 March 2005 Chris Gallagher HSE Safety Unit

    2. Overview • What is the problem? • What is HSE doing? • What should you do? • New Work At Height Regulations • Practical examples

    3. What is the problem? • Fatal accidents falls from height 2003/04 - 67 fatalities (average1992/02 was 78) - Largest cause 29% - Construction 67% of all fatals 2002/03 • Major injuries 2002/03 • 4256 majors all workers (14%) (average 1996/03 was 5450)

    4. Costs and consequences • Human Death or injury,bereavement, trauma • Business Lost production, experience, reputation and higher insurance • Consequences Prosecution

    5. What is HSE doing? • HSE set targets to reach by 2010 • Programme working is the method chosen by HSE to reach these targets • Injury reduction is a component of the programme • Falls from height is a topic within the injury reduction program • Falls from height are a key HSE target

    6. HSE is targeting falls • Inspections • Accident investigations • Complaints

    7. What is work at height? • Work in any place (including access or egress) where a person could fall a distance liable to cause personal injury • Law has always required control • Does not include slips or trips on the same level or falls on stairs

    8. What do people fall from • Ladders • Scaffolds • Working Area or Platforms • Roofs • Vehicles • Plant and Equipment • Racking

    9. The 2 metre rule • Currently no 2 metre rule in WAHR • Use risk assessment to determine whether precautions are needed and in what form • Precautions are needed when there is a risk of injury

    10. Low falls • Employers need to tackle low falls • Consultation has shown that employers are concerned about workers safety below 2 metres as well as above it • Have you got low fall risks? • WAHR advocates sensible risk assessment and pragmatic precautions

    11. Low falls cont. • Working platform to the left of a printing machine • Approx 1 metre high • Work with back facing edges • Risk of a fall onto sharp edges • Guard rails required? • Platform in front OK?

    12. Low falls cont.

    13. What should you do? • Identify the activities and precautions involving falls from height - Includes work on or near fragile surfaces • Select appropriate equipment and ensure it is well maintained and inspected • Have systems for the procurement and control of contractors

    14. Identify the activities and precautions • Ensure risk assessments have identified work at height activities both routine and non routine • Have workers been instructed in necessary precautions • Have fragile surfaces been identified and are access points marked

    15. Identified suitable precautions? • No fall protection • Working on unprotected fragile surfaces • Unsafe access? • No risk assessment • Workers not instructed in necessary precautions

    16. Fragile surfaces • Identification • Warning signs • Control access • Protection Required if you need to work on or near fragile materials • Contractors aware

    17. Select appropriate well maintained equipment • Ensure risk assessments have identified appropriate equipment for the work • Use a selection hierarchy • Maintained • Inspected

    18. Selection of appropriate equipment?

    19. Well maintained?

    20. Inspected?

    21. Tower scaffolds • Erected by competent persons in accordance with the manufacturer/suppliers instructions • Firm level ground • Adequate guard rails, toe boards and platform • Height not exceed 3 times minimum base dimension

    22. Fatal accident

    23. Mobile elevating working platforms (MEWPS) • Safe plant • Safe site • Safe operator

    24. MEWP’s

    25. Illegal MEWP!

    26. Working platforms on fork lift trucks • Occasional use only • Working Platforms Must be purpose built Guard rails Secured Inspected (6 month LOLER) • Don’t Stand on forks Stand on pallets

    27. Work restraint and fall arrest equipment • Work restraint prevents the user reaching a position where a fall could occur • Fall arrest includes PPE (harness, lanyard, inertia reels) Also nets and airbags • Fall prevention should take precedence • User training • Inspection of equipment • Clearance distances, deployment zones, sharp edges • Rescue plan

    28. Ladders • Do you need to use them ? • Primarily a means of access • Not suitable for two-handed or heavy work • Suitable for short duration light duty work • Critically review work from ladders

    29. Ladders cont. • In good condition • Angled 1 out for every 4 up. • Secured or stabilized • On firm level ground • Used by trained persons

    30. Appropriate use of ladders?

    31. Selection and control of contractors • Clients have a duty • Selection – are contractors competent to work at height • Communication and co-operation • Monitoring • Review performance

    32. The Work at Height Regulations 2005 • Bring into effect amendments to a European Directive on the use of work equipment • Due to come into effect 6 April 2005 • Single set of Regulations will cover all industry sectors • Existing requirements covering work at height in the Construction (H,S&W) Regs and the Workplace (H,S&W) Regs will be revoked

    33. Important messages • Build on existing good practice • Those managing risk now will generally already comply • Goal setting/sensible risk assessment • Existing construction standards maintained • Ladders not banned

    34. Drivers for change • Falls are the biggest killer in the workplace • Existing piecemeal legislation • HSC wants single set of Regs for all sectors • Centrepiece of HSC Falls From Height Programme • Need to implement the Directive

    35. New requirements • The hierarchy may be new to some (particularly non construction) • When selecting work equipment must now consider risks entailed with - Installation - Use - Dismantling - Rescue (associated with work equipment chosen)

    36. New requirements cont. • Some new terms • Take into account weather conditions • Guard rail heights to increase to at least 950mm for construction work (CHSW 910mm) • Toe boards heights should be suitable and sufficient • Some new technical requirements in the schedules

    37. Application (Reg. 3) • Employers, self employed, employees and others • Contractors • Employers in charge of premises where work at height is carried out • Those in control of people at work, to the extent of their control

    38. Organisation and planning (Reg. 4) • Ensure work at height is properly planned • Appropriately supervised • Carried out in a safe manner • Includes the selection of appropriate work equipment • Plan for emergencies and rescue • Take into account weather conditions

    39. Don’t loose the plot

    40. Planning for emergencies and rescue • Proportionate to the risk • Reasonably foreseeable situations such as stuck equipment, deployed fall arrest • Suspension trauma • Over-reliance on the fire brigade

    41. Weather conditions • Ensure work at height is carried out only when weather conditions do not jeopardise the health and safety of workers • This is an absolute duty • Strong winds will be the most common reason for halting work at height

    42. Competence (Reg. 5) • Employer shall ensure that persons engaged in any work at height activities are competent • Persons must also be competent in - Organising - Planning - Supervision - Selection of appropriate work equipment - Use of work equipment

    43. Competent?

    44. Avoidance of risk from work at height (Reg. 6 Hierarchy) • Regulation 6 is at the heart of WAHR • First step is take account of a risk assessment to identify appropriate precautions (Reg. 6(1)) • Reg. 6 sets out the HIERARCHY of - AVOID - PREVENT, or - MITIGATE FALLS from work at height

    45. Avoid the need to work at height

    46. Prevent the fall • Using an EXISTING PLACE OF WORK - includes access and egress OR • Use WORK EQUIPMENT to PREVENT the fall

    47. What is an existing place of work? • A place that is already safe • Does not require the addition of anything to prevent a fall • Includes safe means of access and egress

    48. Create a safe existing place of work?

    49. Use work equipment to prevent a fall