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Vocabulary. Animal Behavior Vocab. Ethology : Study of Animal Behavior Behavior: Action performed in response to stimulus. Stimulus. Stimulus – Something that elicits a response Some examples: Sight Touch Smell Taste Sound. Other Stimuli. Heat Light Chemicals Humidity

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animal behavior vocab
Animal Behavior Vocab
  • Ethology: Study of Animal Behavior
  • Behavior: Action performed in response to stimulus
stimulus
Stimulus
  • Stimulus – Something that elicits a response
  • Some examples:
    • Sight
    • Touch
    • Smell
    • Taste
    • Sound
other stimuli
Other Stimuli
  • Heat
  • Light
  • Chemicals
  • Humidity
  • Vibration
  • Color
  • Gravity
  • Pressure
  • **Presence of another animal**
  • Any Others??
stimuli
Stimuli
  • External Stimulus: Something outside the animal
  • Examples:
    • Sound
    • Sight
    • Smell
    • Presence of another animal
    • Etc.
stimuli1
Stimuli
  • Internal Stimulus: Something inside the animal
  • Examples:
    • Hunger
    • Fatigue
    • Feeling cold
    • Hormones
types of behavior
Types of Behavior
  • 1. Foraging – Feeding
    • Example:
      • Locate
      • Obtain
      • And Consume food
types of behavior1
Types of Behavior
  • 2. Parental Care – Ensuring survival of young
    • Example:
      • Carrying
      • Nursing
      • Cuddling
      • Holding young
types of behavior2
Types of Behavior
  • 3. Courtship – attracting a mate
    • Example:
      • Courtship displays
      • Bright feathers
      • Songs
      • Other vocalizations
      • Head butting
      • Fighting
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gqsMTZQ-pmE
types of behavior3
Types of Behavior
  • 4. Reproductive:
    • Example:
      • Mating
      • Giving Birth
types of behavior4
Types of Behavior
  • 5. Offensive/Defensive –
    • Aggression, submissive behavior, defense from aggressors
    • Example:
      • Hiding
      • Fighting
      • Escape
      • Threatening
types of behavior5
Types of Behavior
  • 6. Territorial – Protect a resource for exclusive use
    • Example:
      • Scenting/Marking
      • Birdsong
      • Protection of mate
      • Offspring
      • Space
      • Food or water source
types of behavior6
Types of Behavior
  • 7. Social – Work to create alliances, help the group
    • Example:
      • Grooming
      • Babysitting
      • Defense of young
      • Play
      • Play fight
types of behavior7
Types of Behavior
  • 8. Migratory – Movement to a more suitable environment as seasons change
    • Examples:
      • Dry vs. Rainy seasons
      • Winter vs. Summer range for birds
      • **Salmon going upriver to spawn**
types of behavior8
Types of Behavior
  • 9. Communication – signaling between one animal and another.
    • Example:
      • Greeting
        • (Sniff, Hug, Kiss, “Bite”)
      • Aggression
        • (Charge, Bite, Hit, Fight)
      • Non-aggression
        • (Patting, Head butting)
      • Grooming
        • (Bonding, Alliances, keeping clean)
      • Group Hunting
        • (Hyenas, Lions)
types of behavior9
Types of Behavior
  • Communication Continued…..
      • Vocalizations:
        • Bark, Growl, Snort, Howl, Hoot, Chirp, Whinny, Alarm Sound, Other Language
      • Non-verbal Signaling:
        • Showing teeth, looking away, looking directly at, gesturing, thumping, beating chest, raising hackles or hood, drumming, tail slap, snorting, etc.
why communicate
Why communicate?
  • Defense (Warn Away)
    • Examples: ????
  • Alliance (Get help or mate)
  • Elicit Play
types of behavior10
Types of Behavior
  • 10. Curiosity – Investigating new stimulus in environment.
    • Example:
      • Approach
      • Sniff
      • Chew
      • Bite
      • Mount
types of behavior11
Types of Behavior
  • 11. Elimination – Defecation, urination
types of behavior12
Types of Behavior
  • 12. Resting- Apparent inaction
    • Example:
      • Lying down
      • Sitting
      • Basking
      • Sleeping
types of behavior13
Types of Behavior
  • 13. Play
    • Purpose – Training for life
      • Example
        • Defense
        • Hunting
        • Etc.

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