Self-Help In Hard TimesChapter 15 Gaby Guardado CHS OL 245 17981 P. Buelna
IWW: The industrial Workers of the world. Chapter 15 starts of with the IWW leaders in jail, even though they are in jail the movement to strike continues in Seattle, Washington “when a walk out of 100,000 working people brought the city to a halt”
Serbians vs.. Italians • The corporation were very smart in doing so. I Believe that If Dolares Huerta was alive at that time she would have been able to do so much for those workers, she would have been able to lead them into peaceful protest. To fight for their rights just like she did with Cesar Chavez. • When all the striking began occurring companies started pitting different races against each other. • Steel Corporations hired Sherman Service Inc. to make Serbian’s think that Italians were done striking and would got back to work to take the jobs.
Also black people were brought in to take their spots at work. Since they were not part of the ALF union they did not feel bad to go and work. • Eventually the strikes was called of and they began to go back to work due to being fearful of losing their positions.
“Communist again played a leading part in the great textile strike that spread through the Carolina and Tennessee . ” • They moved to find better workers who would not be in unions to avoid the strikes. • Also because the people in the area where poor white folks. • However after no decent pay and so many hours of work people soon began striking.
Sit-down at Goodyear • In 1936 people were not making enough money to buy food. • The worst part was their wages were cut even more. • Finally the workers at Goodyear fed up with this started a sit-down 1st plant #1 did it and the second day Plant #2 • This strike was won because when the police was sent to stop them they were 150 to 10 thousand workers. • All the strikes were not always fortunate enough to win.
The Changes in 1938 • During this time 40 hours a week was now established. • Child Labor was outlawed. • There was Housing provided for a few workers that needed it the most. • The Social Security Act gave retirement benefits and unemployment insurance.
Chapter 15 Ends with Women joining the work force and Americans changing their views on rebellion because of other events going on in the world like Hitler attempting to take over countries.
This chapter focuses on the hard time Americans were facing in the work place and after so much abuse they finally decide to stand up and fight for their right.
Even when they tried to fight for their right they were not always given to them. • Some of the workers could easily be replaced by other migrant workers or black workers since they were not in that union. • I was able to connect this chapter with an interview we had previously seen with Dr. Acuna when people blame their reason of unemployment on immigrants. Only in this case they are talking about non-Latino Migrants.
Reference • Zinn, Howard. A People's History of the United States: 1492-present. New York: HarperCollins, 2003. Print. • "Professor Acuña Challenges Arizona Officials Part 1 of 2 - Nonprofit Video Center."Professor Acuña Challenges Arizona Officials Part 1 of 2 - Nonprofit Video Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Nov. 2013.