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  1. Survive or Thrive:The world of publication Kaohsiung, Taiwan June 30 and July 1, 2012 Dr. Lilly Cheng San Diego State University lcheng@mail.sdsu.edu

  2. 出版領域從掙扎到成功 高雄,台灣 6月30日,7月1日,2012 劉麗容教授 聖地亞哥州立大學 lcheng@mail.sdsu.edu

  3. Outline 1. The basic question 2. Reviews of questions from you 3. My Personal Experience as a writer – an insider’s perspective What is a good paper? Being rejected • How I organize a paper • How I revise a paper • How I persuade the editor to accept my paper

  4. 概要 1.基本問題 2. 回顧問題 3. 圈內人的觀點 優秀論文具備的條件 論文駁回 • 如何架構論文 • 如何修改論文 • 如何說服編者認可我的論文

  5. Outline 4. My Personal experience as an editor • How I review paper • How I reject papers • How I help the authors rewrite papers 5. My Personal experience as an issue editor • How to choice a topic • How to choose contributors • How to keep the time line • How to keep on task

  6. 概要 4. 作為編者的經驗 • 如何審查論文 • 如何駁回論文 • 如何幫助作者改寫論文 5. 作為期刊編輯的經驗 • 如何選題 • 如何選擇投稿 • 尊重截稿時間 • 集中注意力

  7. The Basic Question: • What is publication? • What publication is not ? • Paradigm Shift • How can an English as second language speaker write a professional journal article in English which is judged as acceptable by international standards?

  8. 基本問題 • 什麽是出版? • 出版并不代表? • 轉換理念 • 母語非英語的人如何完成一篇具有國際水准的專業期刊論文?

  9. The Basic Question: • What is publication? • Publication is not a stand along act. • Publication is not for the sake of publication. • Publication is a transformative process. • Publication is an interpretive process.

  10. 基本問題 • 什麽是出版? • 出版不是一個單一的過程 • 不能爲了出版而出版 • 出版是一個轉換過程 • 出版是一個闡述過程

  11. The Basic Question: • What publication is not? • Out of touch with reality • Success attained in one step • Stick in the mud • No need for improvement • Lack of focus • Confusing ideas

  12. 基本問題 • 出版並不代表? • 閉門造車 • 一步登天 • 原地踏步 • 自滿自足 • 本末倒置 • 觀念不清

  13. The Basic Question: • Paradigm Shift • One step at a time (everything starts with the first step) • Advancement of knowledge • Make a difference • Life long learning

  14. 基本問題 • 轉換理念 • 一步一步 • 真知灼見 • 立己立人 • 自強不息

  15. Review your questions?

  16. 回顧問題

  17. Survive or Thrive Myths It’s very difficult to publish Realities It’s not too difficult if you know how Collaboration It’s difficult to collaborate Mentorship Mentors can be most helpful Quality vs. Quantity Quality is always more important than quantity

  18. 從掙扎到成功 • 迷思 • 發表論文很困難 • 現實 找對方法,發表論文並不難 • 合作 與人合作很困難 • 導師 尋求導師幫忙,受益良多 • 質與量 質量遠比數量重要

  19. My Personal Experience as A Writer: • What is a good paper? • Innovative • Cutting edge • Extension • Expansion • New knowledge • New insight • A product , where is the market?

  20. 作為一名作者的一些經驗 • 好的論文應該是 • 創新 • 前沿 • 延伸 • 擴展 • 新知識 • 新視野 • 與時俱進

  21. My Personal Experience as A Writer: • Critical questions • Do you think in English? • Is English the problem? • Do you think translation works? • Do you write and rewrite? • What is the design? • Analysis/Metaanalysis • Critical questions • Interpretation • Significance • New knowledge • Contribution • Generalization • Value

  22. 作為一名作者的一些經驗 • 寫作過程中的關鍵問題 • 你用英文思維方式嗎? • 英文是寫作過程中的阻礙嗎? • 你認為翻譯起作用嗎? • 你會反復修改嗎? • 你用的方法論是什麽? • 分析/分析後的分析 • 寫作過程中的關鍵問題 • 解釋 • 意義 • 新知識 • 貢獻 • 歸納 • 評估

  23. My Personal Experience as A Writer: • An Insider’s Perspective • Old Boy’s Club • Musical Chair • It is who you know, not what you know • Lecture Circuit • Nepotism and Favoritism • Personal Stories

  24. 作為一名作者的一些經驗 • 一個圈内人的觀點 • 走內線 • 互相輪流 • 學得好不如關繫好 • 巡迴演講 • 裙帶關係 • 個人經歷

  25. Being Rejected • How I organize a paper • How I revise a paper • How I persuade the editor to accept my paper

  26. 論文駁回 • 如何架構論文 • 如何修改論文 • 如何說服編輯認可我的論文

  27. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: The Preparation Process Topics Choose the topic Research on similar topics Know your literature

  28. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:準備過程 • 選題 • 確定選題 • 研究類似題材 • 瞭解你的文獻內容

  29. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: The Preparation Process Review the literature Design the research Conduct the research Collect the data Analyze the data Organize the results Report the findings

  30. 被駁回的論文——重新架構論文:準備過程 • 重新審查文獻 • 構思你的研究 • 進行研究 • 摘取數據 • 分析數據 • 整理結果 • 發表結果

  31. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: The Preparation Process Organizations The flow The logic The overall sequence

  32. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:準備過程 • 文章結構 • 流暢性 • 邏輯性 • 整體順序

  33. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: Writing Getting Started The difference between a topic and a thesis is important: The topic is the subject narrowed to a manageable scope, The topic can simply be named. "Equality for women in military service" is a topic. The thesis is the position you are taking on the topic. The thesis can be stated as a proposition in a sentence or two. "Women should be allowed in combat" is a thesis.

  34. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:寫作 準備開始 區別題目和論點是非常重要的: • 題目是主題的濃縮,簡潔清晰的陳述。例如 “軍役中的女性平等”是一個題目。 • 論點是你要通過題目闡述的觀點。論點可以通過一到兩句話陳述清楚。“應該允許女性參加戰鬥”是一個論點。

  35. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: Writing Preparing an outline Brainstorm Tobrainstorm, free your mind of everything except the subject. Then allow your mind to roam freely over the subject, letting one idea touch off another. Thinking about what you have read or heard about the subject will help ideas come.

  36. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:寫作 準備大綱 • 頭腦風暴 • 首先開放你的思維,让思維徜徉,并不只局限于你所要寫的相關主題。然後讓你的思維相互碰撞,思考你所讀過的聽過的關於這個主題的內容,能幫助你產生一些想法。

  37. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: Writing Preparing an outline • Clustering Connecting ideas by writing them on paper and drawing lines and circles between them will help you "see" your subject. When you think, sometimes one idea will trigger another idea, and that one in turn will make you think of another idea. This process can be transferred to paper by writing words and phrases that come to mind as you think about your subject. As you write one word or phrase, let it suggest another idea. Then write that one near it, circle both, and draw a connecting line between them.

  38. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:寫作 準備大綱 • 集思廣益 • 把所有的想法都寫下來,并用畫線或者畫圓圈的方式將它們連接起來,這能幫助你理清思路。有時,你所思考的一個想法會激發出另一個新的想法,反過來這個想法又會給予你更多新的想法。這個過程可以通過你在思考你的主題時,寫下相關的單詞或段落而轉移到紙上。當你在寫下那些單詞或者段落的時候,讓它們激發出其他的新想法。然後把那些想法寫在附近,把它們都圈起來并用線將它們連接起來。

  39. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: Writing Literature Review Read as much as you can from the related journals and books

  40. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:寫作 文獻綜述 • 讀取大量的相關的書籍和雜志期刊

  41. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: Writing Cohesion first evaluate the writing reflects your original purposeand supports your thesis. Second Outlinethe paper can be helpful in revealing shortcomings in structure and logic. Write down, thetopic sentences. Do any points need to be supported with more information orexamplesin order to be clear to your readers? Do any problems of logicneed to be corrected?

  42. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:寫作 起承转合 • 首先, 評估你的寫作是否表達了你的初衷并支持你的論點。 • 其次 , 列提綱可以幫助你發現結構和邏輯的不足。寫下主題句。為了使讀者能更好的理解你的文章,是否有哪些觀點需要更多的信息或者例子來支持?有哪些邏輯上的問題需要改正?

  43. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: Writing Cohesion • Third Coherence is established by 1.choosing appropriate methods of development 2. by providing transitionsthat help readers move easily from one idea to the next (conciseness /wordiness) 3. by supply necessary information that the readers could not be expected to know 4. by avoiding distracting shifts in tense, mood, or point of view.

  44. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:寫作 起承轉合 • 最後, 連貫性的建立是通過: 1. 選擇適當的方式發展文章。 2. 提供轉換方式,幫助讀者更容易的在一個想 法和另一個想法之間轉變。 (簡言/贅言) 3. 提供讀者無法知道的必要信息。 4. 保持時態、語氣和觀點的統一連貫性。

  45. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: Writing Research Time management Estimate the degree of the intensity of labor Adjust questions Interpret initial results Make more adjustment Analyze the results

  46. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:寫作 研究 • 時間管理 • 勞動強度的程度估計 • 問題調整 • 初步結果解釋 • 進行更多調整 • 分析結果

  47. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: Content Vocabulary Usage quantity and variety Example: Happy, delighted, elated, Please discuss and provide some examples

  48. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:內容 • 詞彙量 使用量和多樣化 例子: 開心,愉悅,歡欣鼓舞 請討論并舉幾個例子

  49. Being Rejected –Organize a paper: Sample of Writing How should you choose your sample? Quality: Considerate first Writing style: Based in reality and concrete terminology (versus abstractions) Concise, conveying meaning in as few words as possible. Does not require the readers to have any special knowledge of your topic

  50. 被駁回的論文——架構論文:寫作範例 怎樣選擇你的範例? 質量: • 優先考慮 寫作風格: • 基於現實和具體的術語(相對於抽象而言) • 言簡意賅,用盡可能少的詞語表達你的意思 • 讀者不需要有關於你的主題的特定知識