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The Civil War. Fort Sumter – first battle of the Civil War After South Carolina and other deep south states secede Federal (US) Army still occupied a fort in South Carolina. Fort Sumter. Union forces refuse to evacuate April 11, 1861 – Confederates bombard FS for 34 straight hours

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the civil war
The Civil War
  • Fort Sumter – first battle of the Civil War
  • After South Carolina and other deep south states secede
  • Federal (US) Army still occupied a fort in South Carolina
fort sumter
Fort Sumter
  • Union forces refuse to evacuate
  • April 11, 1861 – Confederates bombard FS for 34 straight hours
  • Union army evacuates the fort
evacuation of fort sumter
Evacuation of Fort Sumter

Confederate flag flying over Fort Sumter

Schools closed in the South

People celebrated in the streets

may 1861
May, 1861
  • Virginia and the Upper South secede
  • Confederate capitol moved to Richmond Virginia
the two capitols
The Two Capitols
  • Washington and Richmond
    • 108 miles apart
  • “Forward to Richmond”
    • Union army rallying cry
the union army
The Union Army
  • The Union Army was not disciplined in 1861
  • Gen. McDowell to Lincoln – “This is not an army, it will take a long time to make an army.”
  • Term of service – 90 Days
first bull run first manassas
First Bull Run (First Manassas)
  • Gen Irvin McDowell plans to attack a railroad crossing in Virginia
  • Men are not prepared
  • Confederates force the Union army to retreat
what americans learned from bull run
What Americans learned from Bull Run
  • This is a real war
  • 3000 Union troops die, 2000 Confederates
  • Thomas Jackson – gains nickname – Stonewall Jackson
major points
Major Points
  • Two early Confederate victories
  • Union Army is not prepared
  • War will be long and drawn out