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TESOL 2009 PowerPoint Presentation

TESOL 2009

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TESOL 2009

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  1. TESOL 2009 A Framework for Developing Internet-Based Curricula and Course Materials Kapi’olani Community College

  2. Puzzle One • How to infuse language development into a content-based curriculum? • Are we testing what we want the students to learn?

  3. LANGUAGE CONTENT

  4. Opportunities Model Crabbe D. (2003) The quality of language learning opportunities. TESOL Quarterly.

  5. Language Acquisition In order to acquire a language and to develop true competency in a language you need to: • Receive input • Produce output • Participate in interactions • Get feedback

  6. In order to acquire a language and to develop true competency in a language you need to: • Rehearse • Understand about language • Understand about learning

  7. OUTPUT mirrors INPUT output input

  8. Ignored students and situations output input STUDENT/LEARNER outtake uptake

  9. Language Development Framework – Opportunities Model INPUT OUTPUT UPTAKE OUTTAKE REHEARSAL FEEDBACK LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

  10. Main Idea - Issues

  11. Generic Comprehension “Every reader who comprehends is going beyond the given text to understand it in a truly unique manner. Although a culture tends to share common meanings and any text usually has accepted or bottom-line interpretations, readers also have their own unique remembered images and interpretations of the world and they bring these to their reading.” Pinnell, G.S. (2002) The guided reading lesson – Explaining, supporting, and prompting for comprehension. In (C.C. Block, L. Gambrell, M. Pressley, (Eds.) Improving Comprehension Instruction (pp.111.San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

  12. Main Idea Critical View: The main idea is simply one possible meaning available to a reader, usually an officially sanctioned interpretation of a particular text. O’Neill, M. (1993). Teaching literature as cultural criticism. English Quarterly, 25, 19-25.

  13. Puzzle • What is comprehension? • We need students to converge on similar ideas in order to start the language lesson.

  14. Purposeful Reading

  15. Reading Comprehension Literature Reading purpose plays a critical role in the comprehension process. Pichet J.A., & Anderson, R.C. (1977). Taking perspectives on a story. Journal of Educational Psychology, 69, 309-315.

  16. Purposeful Reading They reported on the influence that reading purpose had on the inferences that readers made when reading. Narvaez, D., van den Broek P., & Ruiz, A.B. (1999). Reading purpose, types of text and their influence on think-alouds and comprehension measure. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91 (3), 488-496.

  17. Purposeful Reading Having a purpose means having a reason to read and approaching a text with a particular goal in mind, whether that goal involves learning or entertainment. In both real-world and classroom situations, purpose affects the reader's motivation, interest, and manner of reading. Elizabeth K. Knutson, (1998). Reading with a Purpose: Communicative Reading Tasks for the Foreign Language Classroom. Center for Applied Linguistics:Online Resources: Digests. EDO-FL-98-13.

  18. Comprehensive review of key vocabulary and key concepts – all skills used. Review and assessment of content and language objectives. Writing and Oral activities for feedback Grammar for accuracy or content output Explicit content and language objectives Vocabulary for Comprehension Developing Language for Outtake Grammar for comprehension Vocabulary for expression Purposefulness Scaffolding OUTTAKE UPTAKE FEEDBACK - REHEARSAL INPUT OUTPUT FEEDBACK - REHEARSAL LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

  19. Savvy Language Learner INPUT INTAKE OUT-TAKE OUTPUT FEEDBACK ASSESSMENT Awareness Identification Modification Assessment Reading: 1-Variation in Language 2-Sociolinguistic Rules of Speaking 3-Child Language Acquisition: Phonology 4-Brain Development and learning a Second Language 5- Language Acquisition: The Early Years (Making Connections:Pakenham Capstone Present a language development plan. Films Podcasts Videocasts Short Readings Writing Seminars Poster Sessions

  20. Puzzle - Materials • In order for curriculum to be driven by purposefulness, the instructor in choosing materials needs more flexibility than textbooks offer. • How can we provide this flexibility in materials? • OpenCourseWare Project

  21. Curriculum Design

  22. Curriculum Design • Theme • Topic • Category • Length • Materials

  23. Overarching, universal concepts that impact the human condition: Environment Education Food Health Care Immigration Language Themes

  24. General content-area perspectives, similar to academic subject areas: Business Health History Politics Science Sociology Topics

  25. Modes / types of information delivery: Activity Blog Podcast Reading Videocast Visual Web site Categories

  26. Number of words (readings, blogs), minutes (podcasts, videocasts) or expected time investment (activities, visuals, web sites):  Long Medium Short Length

  27. Materials The items with which students will interact

  28. Database

  29. Online Database Application Three main features / operations: • Add item to database • Search / sort database items • Update database

  30. Add Item to Database

  31. Add Item Details

  32. Add Title & URL

  33. Add Theme, Topic, Category, Length

  34. Add Description & Comments

  35. Search / Sort Database

  36. Search / Sort Database

  37. Search / Sort Results

  38. Update Database

  39. Course Management

  40. Instructor Login

  41. Create Course

  42. Add Module

  43. Add Links to Module

  44. View New Course

  45. Puzzle - Activities • How can activities that support the content objectives as well as the language development be easily created?

  46. Practice and Application Interaction Activities Development Framework Strategies/Lesson Delivery Review and Assessment Making Materials Comprehensible Building Background INPUT OUTPUT UPTAKE OUTTAKE REHEARSAL FEEDBACK LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

  47. Practice and Application Interaction ACTIVITIES DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK Strategies/Lesson Delivery Review and Assessment Making Materials Comprehensible Building Background Comprehensive review of key vocabulary and key concepts – all skills used. Review and assessment of content and language objectives. Writing and Oral activities for feedback Grammar for accuracy or content output Explicit content and language objectives Explicit links to students past knowledge and learning Vocabulary for Comprehension Developing Language for Outtake Grammar for comprehension Vocabulary for expression Purposefulness Scaffolding OUTTAKE UPTAKE FEEDBACK - REHEARSAL INPUT OUTPUT FEEDBACK - REHEARSAL LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

  48. Future Development