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Imperial China: Sui to Song Dynasties PowerPoint Presentation
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Imperial China: Sui to Song Dynasties

Imperial China: Sui to Song Dynasties

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Imperial China: Sui to Song Dynasties

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  1. Imperial China: Sui to Song Dynasties

  2. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 C.E. • “Land Equalization” System –> land redistribution. • Unified coinage. • Grand Canal constructed. • Established an army of professional soldiers. • People were overworked and overtaxed!

  3. The Grand Canal

  4. The Grand Canal Today

  5. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 C.E. • Imperial examination system perfected. • Liberal attitude towards all religions. • Spread of Buddhism in China • Golden Age of foreign relations with other countries.  • Japan, Korea, Persia

  6. Tang Government Organization

  7. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 C.E. • New technologies: • Printing --> moveable print  • Porcelain • Gunpowder • Mechanical clocks • More cosmopolitan culture. • Reestablished the safety of the Silk Road. • Tea comes into China from Southeast Asia. 

  8. Empress Wu Zhao,624 /690-705 • The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  • Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court. • Construction of new irrigation systems. • Buddhism was the favored statereligion. • Financed the building of many Buddhist temples. • BUT… She appointed cruel and sadistic ministers to seek out her enemies.

  9. Foot-Binding in Tang China • Broken toes by 3 years of age. • Size 5 ½ shoe on the right

  10. Foot-Binding in Tang China Mothers bound their daughters’ feet.

  11. Foot-Binding in Tang China • For upper-class girls, it became a new custom.

  12. The Results of Foot-Binding

  13. In the Song Empire it was frowned upon to not have bound feet.

  14. Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E. • Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class. • Increased emphasis on education & cheaper availability of printed books. • Magnetic compassmakes China a great sea power! 

  15. Song Peasant Family

  16. Rice Cultivation Began Under the Song

  17. Song Rice Cultivation

  18. Song Industries • First to use fractioins • Precise calendar • Recorded the explosion of Crab Nebula in 1054. • Junks- ships with stern mounted rudders and water tight bulkheads.

  19. Official Examinations • Song started using exams instead of heredity to place men in bureaucratic positions. The poor were still at a disadvantage.