By William Shakespeare Twelfth Night, or What You Will
Background Information • Comedy • Written 1600-1 • First performed February 2, 1602
Comedy • Has a happy ending • The protagonist is better off at the end • About normal, everyday people
Tragedy • The protagonist is a noble • The noble is worse off at the end of the story • The hero is essentially admirable. • The protagonist “Falls” due to an internal vice such as vanity.
Characters • Viola-shipwrecked lady • Olivia-Illyrian countess • Maria—Olivia’s servant • Sir Toby Belch—Olivia’s relative • Sir Andrew Aguecheek—Toby’s friend • Malvolio-Olivia’s steward • Fool (Fete) Olivia’s jester • Fabian--gentlewoman
More Characters • Orsino—Duke of Illyria • Valentine and Curio—gentlemen serving Orsino • Sebastian—Viola’s brother • Antonio—Sebastian’s friend • Captain • Priest • Two officers
ASSIGNMENT • Create a chart with each characters’ name and relationship to other characters.
Setting: Act I scene I • Duke Orsino’s court in Illyria.
Pun: a play on words • Hart and heart by Orsino ASSIGNMENT: • Make a list of other examples of puns. • Include quotes, line #s, and explanations
Act I Scene I • What will Olivia do for the next 7 years? • How does Orsino react to the news?
Act I Scene 2 Setting • Near a ship in Illyria
Act I Scene 2 • How does the captain give Viola hope? • What is Viola’s plan? • Do you think it’ll work?
Act I Scene 3 • Describe Sir Toby and Sir Andrew • Appearance • Manner of speaking • Character traits • Treatment by Maria • Treatment of Maria
Act I Scene 3 line 122 • What are “these things?”
Act I Scene 4 • How does Orsino treat Cesario (Viola)? • What is the relationship between these two characters? • What errand is Cesario assigned? • How does Viola feel about Orsino? How do you know?
Feste the fool • Fete means “festival” • Fools, or court jesters, were hired to entertain the nobles with their wit and quick humor. • They “played the fool,” but were actually quite intelligent.
Act I Scene 5 • Why could Feste be in trouble? • How does he get away with it? • What puns should you add to your list?
Act I Scene 5 • Describe the interaction between Olivia and the Fool from lines 36-70 • What does Malvolio say to irritate the fool? • How does Olivia react to this statement?
Act I Scene 5 • How does Olivia react to Sir Toby’s drunkenness? • How does the Fool react? • What did Viola say to gain admittance to Olivia’s house?
Act I Scene 5 • Why will Viola speak in front of Olivia, but not her servants? • Describe the dialogue about the picture (lines 229-249).
Act I Scene 5 • How does Olivia feel about Viola? (lines 295-301) • Why does Olivia give the ring to Malvolio? • What is her purpose?
ASSIGNMENT • Summarize Act I. • 6+1 rubric for grading • Underline the thesis (last sentence, 1st paragraph) • Include topic sentence for each paragraph
ASSIGNMENT: • Create a drawing of each character. • Be sure that the clothing is appropriate to the character’s status. • Use color and clothing to show character traits. • May be computer generated or hand-drawn.
ACT II Scene 1 • What is Sebastian’s problem? • What danger will Antonio undergo? Why?
ACT II Scene 2 • How does Viola react to receiving the ring? • What does she think is going on?
Orsino Olivia Viola / Cesario
ACT II Scene 3 • Describe the setting • Describe the interactions among Sir Toby, Sir Andrew, and the Fool. • What will happen to the three men, according to Maria?
ACT II Scene 3 • How do Sir Andrew, Sir Toby, and the Fool treat Malvolio? • Why do they act this way? • Where does Maria fit in with their relationships.
ACT II Scene 3 • Why is Maria upset with Malvolio? • What is Maria’s plan to get even with Malvolio? (lines 154-60) • What does Sir Andrew want? (lines 182-3)
ACT II Scene 4 • Feste, the fool, was at Orsino’s house last night. • Very irregular for a servant • More freedom than typical • What does this suggest about Feste’s character?
ACT II Scene 4 • What advice does Orsino give Viola about dating? • What’s your reaction to this advice? • According to Orsino, what’s the difference between a man’s love and a woman’s? (103-13) • How does Viola counter this?
ACT II Scene 4 • 132-5: What do these lines mean? • Why doesn’t Orsino react to them?
ACT II Scene 5 • Describe Malvolio. What kind of person is he? • What is Malvolio talking to himself about? (22-82)
ACT II Scene 5 • “Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon ‘em” (Shakespeare, 1993, 2.5. 149-40). • What’s your reaction to this quote? Do you agree or disagree? Why?
ACT II Scene 5 • The letter directs Malvolio to: • Be grumpy with a kinsman and servants • Talk about your political opinions • Wear yellow stockings • Be cross gartered
ACT II Scene 5 • How do Sir Toby and Sir Andrew feel about Maria? • Why? • How do you know? • Why did Maria choose the color yellow, cross gartering, and smiling?
Act III Scene 1 • What is the Fool saying about language? (1-22) • Viola says to Feste, “I warrant thou art a merry fellow and car’st for / nothing, (Shakespeare, 1933, 3.1. 27-8). • How does Feste respond? • How does this show his roundness as a character?
Act III Scene 1 • Lines 61-9: What does Viola say about being a Fool? • Do you agree or disagree? Why? • “I am bound to your niece” (Shakespeare, 1933, 3.1. 77). What is the pun in this line?
Act III Scene 1 • What does Sir Andrew think about Viola’s comments to Olivia? • How do you know? • How does Viola feel about Olivia? • How does Olivia react to this news?
Act III Scene 1 • Lines 145-151: What is being said in these lines? Why is it important? • “Love sought is good, but given unsought is better,” (Shakespeare, 1993, 3.1. 164). • Do you agree or disagree with this quote? Why?
Act III Scene 2 • Why is Sir Andrew upset? • How does Fabian calm him? • What “challenge” does Sir Andrew write? To whom? Why? • What does Maria lead Sir Andrew and Sir Toby to see?
Act III Scene 3 • Why isn’t Antonio safe in Illyria? • What arrangements to Antonio and Sebastian make?
Act III Scene 4 • Describe the interaction between Olivia and Malvolio. (lines 17-61). • How would you react if you saw someone acting this way? • What is Malvolio’s reaction to his treatment. • Is it as you predicted?
Act III Scene 4 • What does Sir Toby decide to do to Malvolio? (lines 144-50). • What is the purpose of Sir Andrew’s letter? To whom shall it be sent?
Act III Scene 4 • What will Sir Toby do with the letter? • What is Viola’s reaction to the challenge to duel? • What is Toby’s role in the duel? • What do you think of him for doing this?
Act III Scene 4 • How is Viola saved from the duel? • Why did Antonio do this? • What happens to Antonio? Lines 341-2 • What’s happening in lines 344-75
Act III Scene 4 • Why does Viola think her brother might still be alive? • How does she feel about this news? • What do Toby and Fabian think of Viola?
Act IV Scene 1 • Describe the interaction between Feste and Sebastian. • What is Feste going to do when he leaves? • Why does Sir Andrew beat Sebastian?