Twelfth night
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Twelfth Night. NIGHT. A Midsummer Night’s Dream Twelfth Night. The Origin of Love. The movie (Hedwig) The origin of love. The Origin of Love. ‘ DRINKING ’ party . Plato’s Symposium Aristophanes’ speech on love (BC 5). THREE Sexes Male: Sons of the Sun (g)

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  • A Midsummer Night’s Dream

  • Twelfth Night

The origin of love
The Origin of Love

The movie (Hedwig)

The origin of love

The origin of love1
The Origin of Love

‘DRINKING’ party 

Plato’s Symposium

Aristophanes’ speech on love (BC 5)


Male: Sons of the Sun (g)

Female: Daughters of the Earth (l)

The “androgynous”: male+female

In twelfth night twn
In Twelfth Night (TWN)

How can we describe the various, dynamic love relations in TWN? Any examples of male-male, female-female, male-female bonds?

How does the initial love relations change? From what kind to what kind? Who change? (find some passages from the text)

Twelfth night




Viola (Cesario)Orsino








If Music be the food of love, play on;

Give me excess of it, that surfeiting,

The appetite may sicken and so die.

That strain again, it had a dying fall;

O it came o’er my ear like the sweet sound

That breathes upon a bank of violets,

Stealing and giving odour. Enough; no more.

‘Tis not so sweet now as it was before.

O spirit of love, how quick and fresh art thou,

That, notwithstanding thy capacity,

Receiveth as the sea . . . (1.1.1-11)

There is no woman’s sides

Can bide the beating of so strong a passion

As love doth give my heart; no woman’s heart

So big, to hold so much. They lack retention.

Alas, their love may be called appetite,

No motion of the liver, but the palate.

That suffers surfeit, cloyment, and revolt,

But mine is all as hungry as the sea,

And can digest as much (2.4.89-97)


Hermes + Aphrodite

Ovid’s Metamorphoses (Book IV, 346-88)

Salmacis (nymph)

Narcissism and hermaphrodite
Narcissism and hermaphrodite

What are the characteristics that narcissus and hermaphrodite share? Compare and contrast narcissus and hermaphrodite.

Who are the narcissistic characters and who are hermaphroditic?

Queen elizabeth i
Queen Elizabeth I

“I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realm; to which rather than any dishonour shall grow by me, I myself will take up arms, I myself will be your general, judge, and rewarder of every one of your virtues in the field.”


-Homosexuality is NOT an illness, or neurotic conflict

-not perversion, but an “inversion”

-everyone incorporates aspects of both sexes

-homosexuality/heterosexuality both develop from bisexuality

-transitory stage of narcissism?

-distressing heterosexual experience

Judith butler gender trouble 1990
Judith Butler. Gender Trouble (1990)

“If Lacan presumes that female homosexuality issues from a disappointed heterosexuality, as observation is said to show, could it not be equally clear to the observer that heterosexuality issues from a disappointed homosexuality?”

“... that gender is a choice, or that gender is a role, or that gender is a construction that one puts on, as one puts on clothes in the morning, that there is a 'one' who is prior to this gender, a one who goes to the wardrobe of gender and decides with deliberation which gender it will be today.”

Twelfth night

People are defined by what they wear?

-cross-dressing and identity

Viola’s speech (5.1.233- )

The ending
The ending


Most Wonderful (5.1.209)

Ah, sister, you are she! (5.1.305)

Be not amazed, right noble is his blood.

If this be so – as yet the glass seems true –

I shall have share in this most happy wreck.

Boy, thou hast said to me a thousand times

Thou never shouldst love woman like to me

…Give me thy hand.

And let me see thee in thy woman’s weeds.

(5.1.248-12, 257-58)