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How to Safely Evacuate from your Home. Safety Matters: . National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation and Research Project Safe EV-AC http://evac.icdi.wvu.edu. International Center for Disability Information. West Virginia University College of Human Resources & Education

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slide1
How to Safely Evacuate from your Home

Safety Matters:

National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation and Research

Project Safe EV-AC

http://evac.icdi.wvu.edu

international center for disability information
International Center for Disability Information

West Virginia University

College of Human Resources & Education

Project Safe EV-AC

http://evac.icdi.wvu.edu

target population
Target Population
  • Individuals in the community with physical, mental, or medical care needs who may require assistance before, during, and/or after a disaster or emergency.
    • Limitations
      • Motor
      • Sensory
      • Cognitive
      • Psychological
      • Temporary
phases of emergency management
Phases of Emergency Management

Mitigation

Preparedness

Recovery

Response

mitigation
Mitigation
  • Occurs before the emergency or disaster.
  • Eliminates or reduces probability of occurrence.
  • Lessens the effects of the disaster:
    • Inspect windows, doors, and roofs.
    • Secure emergency back-up records.
    • Install visual alarms and Braille signage.
    • Install/elevate the generator.
    • Create areas of refuge.
mitigation1
Mitigation
  • Lowering the cost of a disaster involves:
    • Developing a plan for contingencies.
    • Communicating the plan.
    • Training people about the plan.
    • Practicing the plan.
    • Maintaining the plan.
preparedness
Preparedness

External Considerations

  • Plan, train, and exercise with local emergency response agencies:
    • Offer information to responder’s registry.
    • Create an emergency health information and contact card for rescuers.
    • Work to identify the steps that reduce their vulnerability to high-risk activities.
  • Discuss your questions with emergency responders, doctors, and relevant agencies.
  • Offer to be a part of training new staff.
preparedness1
Preparedness

Internal Considerations

  • Plan
  • Prioritize
  • Establish Relationships
  • Identify Resources
  • Understand Your Community:
    • Know the emergency management structure.
    • Take responsibility to be pro-active.
    • Establish Sheltering in Place, Shelters for the General Public, and Special Needs Shelters.
preparedness2
Preparedness
  • Prepare an emergency kit (hearing aids, eye glasses, keys).
  • Use emergency window stickers.
  • Make a list of medications.
  • Determine two usable exits.
  • Pick a location to reunite.
preparedness3
Preparedness
  • Equipment Access
    • Prepare battery/generator backups.
    • Keep equipment secured and accessible when not in use.
    • Store extra mobility aids as backups.
    • Review how to operate equipment (turn off utilities, operate fire extinguisher).
preparedness4
Preparedness
  • Make a plan with personal care attendant:
    • Discuss the plan with the home health agency.
    • Establish a buddy network - Pick one out-of-state and one local friend/relative to call if separated.
preparedness5
Preparedness
  • Prioritize:
    • Most important things you need to have.
    • Other things you may need.
    • Other good-to-have things.
preparedness6
Preparedness
  • Review typical events at each stage and prepare accordingly:
    • Earthquake: If you are in a wheelchair, stay in it and go into a doorway.
    • Flood: If you have hypertension

and need to take medication,

have bottled water available.

    • Snowstorm: If you use a C-PAP

for sleep apnea, have a backup

battery.

response
Response
  • Respiratory Impairment:
    • Evacuation hood
    • Respirator/mask
response1
Response
  • Speech Impairment:
    • Speech amplification device
    • Speech enhancer
    • Alpha-numeric pager
    • Two way instant messaging
    • Pre-written notes
response2
Response
  • Vision Loss:
    • One-on-one mobility instruction & training with emergency responders
    • Tape recorded drills for practice with a buddy
    • Guide dog/mobility aid considerations
    • Braille signage
    • Tactile maps
response3
Response
  • Hearing Loss:
    • Vibrating pager
    • Flashlight to read lips
    • Lighted fire strobes and other visual or vibrating alerting devices
    • Wireless communication
response4
Response
  • Mobility Impairment:
    • Wheelchair evacuation
    • Evacuation devices
    • Area of rescue assistance
    • Barrier free route of travel
    • Wheelchair supplies
response5
Response
  • Cognitive Impairment:
    • Use a picture book of evacuation procedures
    • Encourage social interaction with emergency responders
    • Color code exit ways
    • Implement buddy system
    • Use a coach for training
response6
Response
  • Psychiatric Impairment:
    • Practice with a buddy or counselor
    • Clarify emergency process in writing
    • Implement backup exit procedures
recovery
Voluntary Organizations Respond

Locality Responds

Federal Government Responds

State Responds

Recovery
recovery1
Recovery
  • Goals:
    • Meet the disaster-related needs of disaster victims, including special needs populations.
    • Return systems and people to normal, if possible.
    • Find improvements for both short term and long term needs.
effective process
Effective Process
  • Goals:
    • Reduce loss of life.
    • Reduce property damages.
    • Ensure effective, efficient response.
    • Lay the groundwork for improvements.
international center for disability information1
International Center for Disability Information

West Virginia University

College of Human Resources & Education

Project Safe EV-AC

http://evac.icdi.wvu.edu

[email protected]

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