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Battle of San Romano. Alex Nguyen. Title: Battle of San Romano Artist: Paolo Uccello Date: ca. 1455. What is mathematical perspective?.

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what is mathematical perspective
What is mathematical perspective?
  • A formula for projecting an illusion of the three-dimensional world onto a two-dimensional space using linear perspective, which allows artists to determine the relative size of objects to correlate them with the visual recession into space
  • Utilizes:
    • Horizontal line
    • Vanishing point
    • Orthogonals
put broken spears lances and a fallen soldier on orthogonals to make a systematic checkerboard
Put broken spears, lances, and a fallen soldier on orthogonals to make a systematic “checkerboard”

c

2 paolo ucclello s the battle of san romano by rachel smith

#2: Paolo Ucclello’sThe Battle of San RomanoBy Rachel Smith

Discuss how this painting reflects the artist’s understanding of the new theory of mathematical perspective.

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In the painting, Uccello made broken spears, lances, and a fallen soldier and keenly positioned them to intersect each other

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By making the different figures perpendicular to one another, it created a plane resembling a checker board.

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By making the plane resemble a checker board, it presents war (the subject of the painting) seem more like a game or a tournament rather than a battle.

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The lances in the painting appear to look like cones, the horses a 3-dementional, and the men on the horses appear to be solids taken out in space; this all contributes to Uccello’s linear perspective that overwhelms this painting.

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Uccello also created a vanishing point where all of the lines recede to; this creates an illusion of depth, and forces the viewer to focus on the heroic figure, Niccolo da Tolentino

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1
  • Uccello’s obsession with perspective appealed to Lorenzo. Perspective represented the rationalization of vision.
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2
  • Uccello created a composition that recalls the processional splendor of Gentile’s Adoration of the Magi, but in contrast Uccello constructed his world of immobilized solid forms.
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3
  • Broken spears, lances, and a fallen soldier were foreshortened and placed along the converging orthogonals of the perspective to create a base plane like a checkerboard, on which he then placed the larger volumes in measured intervals.
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4
  • The diligently created space recedes to a landscape that resembles the low cultivated hillsides between Florence and Lucca
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5
  • The use of three-dimensional form by other painters for representational or expressive purposes became a preoccupation for Uccello. For him, it had a magic of its own, which he used to satisfy his inventive and original imagination.

(that was pretty much straight out of the book and not necessarily helpful to the prompt but I was running out of information, sorry)

slide19

AnsafChagani

Discuss how this painting reflects the artist’s understanding of the new theory of mathematical perspective.

identification and introduction and first point
Identification and Introduction and First point

This is Battle of San Romano was made during Early Renaissance Period by Paolo Uccelloon Tempera on Wood

The development of perspective intrigued the humanist, because perspective represented the rationalization of vision.

In Battle of San Romano, Uccello created a composition that is made of immobilized solid forms. He foreshortened broken spears, lances and a fallen soldier and placed them along the orthogonals in a converging manner (meaning: Come together from different directions so as eventually to meet) to create base plane and then he placed larger volumes in measured intervals.

2nd point
2nd point

The vanishing point, located by the horse's head, creates an illusion of depth; along with Niccolo's red and gold headdress and rearing white horse, they compel the viewer to focus on the pivotal and heroic figure

3 rd point
3rd point

Uccello designed these works to be hung above eye level, or approximately 7 feet from the ground.  In person, it is apparent that Niccolo's arm and horse were intended to be viewed from below rather than at eye level, making him all the more imposing. This creates space to a landscape that resembles the low cultivated hillsides between Florence and Lucca. Uccello used three-dimensional form to satisfy his inventive and original imagination.

paolo uccello the battle of san romano

Paolo Uccello, The Battle of San Romano

Discuss how this painting reflects the artist’s understanding of the new theory of mathematical perspective.

By: Tommy Keene

slide25

Uccello foreshortened broken spears, lances, and a dead soldier and put them along the crossing orthogonals of the perspective to make a base plane.

slide26

Using this plane, he was able to recede this space to a landscape that appears to be the hillsides between Lucca and Florence. This created a three dimensional perspective.

slide27

Also, all of the spears on the ground are arranged in conformity with the new mathematical depiction of space. The spears that are on the ground all face the vanishing point.

slide28

He would use the perspective he created to add depth to his paintings, and in order to do this he had to put a vanishing point in place.