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Sacred Scriptures. Smruti Customization-Localization of Eternal principles and processes for current life style and integrated welfare, also called Purushartha. Shruti Revelation of Cosmic and Eternal principles and processes. Srutis. Shruti’s The foundation of Hindu Traditions.

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slide1

Sacred Scriptures

Smruti

Customization-Localization of Eternal principles and processes for current life style and integrated welfare, also called Purushartha

Shruti

Revelation of Cosmic and Eternal principles and processes

slide2

Srutis

Shruti’s

  • The foundation of Hindu Traditions.
  • Eternal truth realized by investigators of TRUTH, also called Rishi’s, Sages.
  • Classification of Shruti’s is technically made in to four groups: Mantra, Braahmana, Aaranyaka, Upanishad.
  • One way of organized arrangement of Shruti’s for convenience of study and application is the following:
  • Rig-Veda, Yajur-veda,
  • Sama Veda, Atharva Veda

Upanishads

Upanishads are organized sections dealing with Spiritual discussions.

Upanishads show that Hinduism encourages questioning, dialogue, challenging in pursuit of TRUTH.

slide3

Major Upanishads

Ten Upanishads are considered as major texts in view of their indepth coverage of the specific aspects, the mentioning of these works by many spiritual masters.

This does not mean other upanishads are less important. Each text has its own significance.

Ten major upanishads: Isha, Kena, Katha, Prashna, Munda, Mandukya, Taittiriya, Aitareya, Chandogya, Bruhadaranyaka.

Issues deliberated in Upnaishads: Prime cause of Universe , Prime driving force of the universal activities, life, death, Post death life? , Spiritual meditation practices.

slide4

Smrutis

Panths

Darshanas

Puranas

Vedangas

These are deliberations

In

Specific periods

Agamas

Itihas

Upavedas

Dharm Shastras

slide5

Puranas

Panths

Jainism

Buddhism

Sikhism

These are resources which help to identify specific formats of customization.

There is a list of Puranas – numbers ranging from 18 to 46 /108.

The common message in all Panths and Purana’s:

Sin= Causing Pain and suffering to others, blocking spiritual progress

Punya = Helping to get freedom from suffering/pain, progress spiritually

slide6

Agamas

Shakta

Shaiva

Jain

Vaishnava

Upavedas

Shilpa

Architecture

Dhanur

Defense

Gandharva

Music

Ayur

Medicine

slide7

Darshanas

Yoga

Patanjili

Practice of meditation and samadhi for renunciation

Nyaya

Gautama

Logical quest for god, phases of creation

Vaisheshika

Kanada

Science of logic, futility of maya

Sankhya

Kapil

Eliminate physical and mental pains and receive liberations

Vedanta

Veda Vyas

Explains the devine nature of soul, maya and creation

Mimansa

Jaimini

Explains vedas are eternal and devine

slide8

Vedangas

Vyakarna

Sanskrit Grammar

Nirukta

Vedic Dictionary

Shiksha

How to pronounce vedic mantras

Chanda

Poetic Stanzas

Kalpa Sutra

Rules related to performance of vedic religion

Jyotisha

Astrology, Astronomy

slide9

Itihas

Mahabharat

Ved Vyas

Story of Padavas, Kauravas and Sri Krishna

Ramayana

Valmiki

Life history of Sita and Rama teaching ideal values

slide10

Dharma Shastras

Manu Smriti

Yajnavalkya Smriti

Other Smritis

Brihaspati, Daksha, Gautama, Yama, Angira, Yogishwar, Pracheta, Shatatapa, Samvarta, Ushna, Shanka, Likhita, Vishnu, Harita, Atri

Parashara Smriti

Continued on next slide.

slide11

Dharma Shastra

Tirukural

Tamil Shavite

Behavior, Conduct, Ethics.

Upasmritis

Narada, Pulaha, Garga, Pulastya, Shaunaka, Granu, Boudhayana, Vishwamitra …etc.

Niti Shastra

Chanakya, Vidura, Shukra.

Artha Shastra

Kautilya Economics, Politics, Law.

slide12

Essence of Bhagvad Gita

The essence of Vedas and upansihads is condensed into 700 concise shlokas.

These provide a guidance to the science of self- realization.

slide13

Sacred Scriptures

Smruti

Dealing with particular application of eternal principles.

Sruti

Dealing with internal principles

slide14

Srutis

Vedas

  • The foundation scriptures of Hindus.
  • Eternal truth revealed to great sages.
  • Classification of Vedas
  • Rig - General knowledge
  • Yajur – Knowledge of action
  • Saam – Knowledge of worship
  • Atharva – knowledge of science

Upanishads

Hinduism encourages questioning and Upanishads are recordings of such conversations and dialogs.

slide15

Major Upanishads

Ishaa – Philosophy of God and God realization

Mandukya – Niraakaar(without form) aspect of god

Prashna – Questions like root cause of universe, functioning of vital force of life

Aitareya – Atman and births of atman are described

Kaushitaki – Course for souls after death, doctrine of prana and moksha

Katha – Q&A between Yama and Nachiketa

Taittariya – Tells more about the creation of god

Brhadaranyaka – Negation of all conceptions of self

Chhandogya – Sacrifices and other forms of worship

Kena – Sacrifices and other forms of worship

slide16

Smrutis

Panths

Darshanas

Puranas

Vedangas

Agamas

Itihas

Upavedas

Dharm Shastras

slide17

Panths

Jainism

Kalpa Sutra

Buddhism

Dhampad Tripitakas

Sikhism

Guru Granth Sahib

Puranas

astadas puranesu vyasasya vachan dwiyam |

paropkaraya poonayay, papaya parpidnam||

Upa-puranas = 46

Main Puranas = 18

slide18

Agamas

Shakta

Shaiva

Jain

Vaishnava

Upavedas

Shilpa

Architecture

Dhanur

Defense

Gandharva

Music

Ayur

Medicine

slide19

Darshanas

Yoga

Patanjili

Practice of meditation and samadhi for renunciation

Nyaya

Gautama

Logical quest for god, phases of creation

Vaisheshika

Kanada

Science of logic, futility of maya

Sankhya

Kapil

Eliminate physical and mental pains and receive liberations

Vedanta

Veda Vyas

Explains the devine nature of soul, maya and creation

Mimansa

Jaimini

Explains vedas are eternal and devine

slide20

Vedangas

Vyakarna

Sanskrit Grammer

Nirukta

Dictionary

Shiksha

How to pronounce vedic mantras

Chhanda

Poetic Stanzas

Kalpa Sutra

Types which give concise form of vedic religion

Jyotishya

Astrology, Astronomy

slide21

Itihas

Mahabharat

Ved Vyas

Story of Padavas, Kauravas and Sri Krishna

Ramayan

Valmiki

Life history of Sita and Rama teaching ideal values

slide22

Dharma Shastras

Manu Smriti

Useful for other yugas.

Yajnavalkya Smriti

Useful for other yugas.

Parashara Smriti

Suitable for people of Kaliyuga.

Other Smritis

Brihaspati, Daksha, Gautama, Yama, Angira, Yogishwar, Pracheta, Shatatapa, Samvarta, Ushna, Shanka, Likhita, Vishnu, Harita, Atri

Continued on next slide.

slide23

Dharma Shastra

Tirukural

Tamil Shavite

Behavior, Conduct, Ethics.

Upasmritis

Narada, Pulaha, Garga, Pulastya, Shaunaka, Granu, Boudhayana, Vishwamitra …etc.

Niti Shastra

Chanakya, Vidura, Shukra.

Artha Shastra

Kautilya Economics, Politics, Law.

slide24

Essence of Bhagvad Gita

The essence of into vedic knowledge has been crystallized into 700 concise shlokas, which provide a definitive guide to the science of self- realization.