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  1. Welcome to... Companion PowerPoint Presentation for the Introduction to Housing textbook

  2. Interior Space Planning

  3. Successful housing evidences well-designed space planning and room arrangement • How do you want to live? • Contributes to quality of life

  4. Conceptual Frameworks • Any design problem is an equation (White)

  5. Housing needs & space planning solutions (Rapoport)

  6. The plan of an interior space is shown by a floor plan—the way the rooms are arranged & how the spaces within the house are used outline of space delineates the structural elements that physically limit & enclose the space --House that you want to buy --Apartment you want to rent

  7. Activities 5 basic types of activities that each require certain types of spaces • Social—involve people from outside the family • Family—involve family members • Individual—involve only one person • Private—require visual & audio privacy • Work—accomplish a specific task

  8. Zoning Activities are used to divide the home into 3 zones • Public zone—where social & family activities occur (LR, DR, Entrance & Power); non-family members are allowed • Work zone—where work activities that support the household’s lifestyle occur (Kitchen, Laundry & Home Office) • Private zone—where individual & private activities occur (Bedrooms & Bathrooms)

  9. Interior Zoning Concept • All 3 zones should be present in a floor plan • Interior zones should not be split • Household members should not have to cross through the middle of one zone to get to another

  10. Buffers • Buffers can separate zones: walls doors closets room dividers large-scale furniture Can also place on different levels

  11. Circulation • Avoid going through middle of rooms • Don’t interfere with good furniture arrangement nor interrupt activities • Don’t interfere with private zone • Don’t go through kitchen work area • Easy access from kitchen to rest of house • Direct access from entrance to clean-up area • Short paths to conserve human energy

  12. Open Space Planning • Where living, dining & kitchen areas are all combined in one large area with no walls separating them • Advantages: -reduced construction costs -reduced time for cleaning & upkeep -perception of larger spaces -increase of space available -flexibility -more effective transmission of air

  13. Orientation • The way a housing unit is situated on the lot • Affects space plan’s efficiency & arrangement • East-west orientation is best • Passive solar heating in winter + snow on driveway melts quicker • Position windows to take advantage of cross breezes • Landscaping to buffer winter winds & provide shade in summer

  14. Project • Indicate zones—public, work & private Does it meet the 3 zoning principles? • Identify buffers Are they adequate for visual & acoustical privacy, & dividing zones? • Draw arrows for major circulation routes Do they meet recommendations? • Is it an open floor plan? (show it on plan) • Does the home have a good orientation? (explain) • Anything you especially like or dislike?

  15. Entryways Easily accessible for household members & their guests • Front entry—somewhat separated from living area; closet near front door; powder room for guests • Service entry—through attached garage • To & from back yard through the public zone; easy access to kitchen for outdoor entertaining & dining

  16. Work Areas Kitchen—primary work area 4 steps to planning an efficient kitchen: • Convenient work space & access • Configuration of basic work centers: countertops, cabinet storage, appliances & food preparation • Suitable space standards • Plan for efficient task operation

  17. An effective work triangle—refrigerator to sink to range (26’ – 12’)

  18. Laundry area—near kitchen, service entry or bedrooms; choices based on lifestyles

  19. Storage—plan for plenty of storage space -bedroom closets next to entrance -standard vs. walk-in closets -serve as buffers

  20. Plumbing—concentrated by situating kitchens, laundry areas & bathrooms next to each other or stacked

  21. Privacy—highly valued -private bath for householder -private den or study -secluded and not in direct sight nor sound transfer