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Welcome to... Companion PowerPoint Presentation for the Introduction to Housing textbook Interior Space Planning Successful housing evidences well-designed space planning and room arrangement How do you want to live? Contributes to quality of life Conceptual Frameworks

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slide1

Welcome to...

Companion PowerPoint Presentation for the Introduction to Housing textbook

slide3
Successful housing evidences well-designed space planning and room arrangement
  • How do you want to live?
  • Contributes to quality of life
conceptual frameworks
Conceptual Frameworks
  • Any design problem is an equation (White)
slide6
The plan of an interior space is shown by a floor plan—the way the rooms are arranged & how the spaces within the house are used

outline of space

delineates the structural elements that physically limit & enclose the space

--House that you want to buy

--Apartment you want to rent

activities
Activities

5 basic types of activities that each require certain types of spaces

  • Social—involve people from outside the family
  • Family—involve family members
  • Individual—involve only one person
  • Private—require visual & audio privacy
  • Work—accomplish a specific task
zoning
Zoning

Activities are used to divide the home into 3 zones

  • Public zone—where social & family activities occur (LR, DR, Entrance & Power); non-family members are allowed
  • Work zone—where work activities that support the household’s lifestyle occur (Kitchen, Laundry & Home Office)
  • Private zone—where individual & private activities occur (Bedrooms & Bathrooms)
interior zoning concept
Interior Zoning Concept
  • All 3 zones should be present in a floor plan
  • Interior zones should not be split
  • Household members should not have to cross through the middle of one zone to get to another
buffers
Buffers
  • Buffers can separate zones:

walls

doors

closets

room dividers

large-scale furniture

Can also place on different levels

circulation
Circulation
  • Avoid going through middle of rooms
  • Don’t interfere with good furniture arrangement nor interrupt activities
  • Don’t interfere with private zone
  • Don’t go through kitchen work area
  • Easy access from kitchen to rest of house
  • Direct access from entrance to clean-up area
  • Short paths to conserve human energy
open space planning
Open Space Planning
  • Where living, dining & kitchen areas are all combined in one large area with no walls separating them
  • Advantages:

-reduced construction costs

-reduced time for cleaning & upkeep

-perception of larger spaces

-increase of space available

-flexibility

-more effective transmission of air

orientation
Orientation
  • The way a housing unit is situated on the lot
  • Affects space plan’s efficiency & arrangement
  • East-west orientation is best
  • Passive solar heating in winter + snow on driveway melts quicker
  • Position windows to take advantage of cross breezes
  • Landscaping to buffer winter winds & provide shade in summer
project
Project
  • Indicate zones—public, work & private

Does it meet the 3 zoning principles?

  • Identify buffers

Are they adequate for visual & acoustical privacy, & dividing zones?

  • Draw arrows for major circulation routes

Do they meet recommendations?

  • Is it an open floor plan? (show it on plan)
  • Does the home have a good orientation? (explain)
  • Anything you especially like or dislike?
entryways
Entryways

Easily accessible for household members & their guests

  • Front entry—somewhat separated from living area; closet near front door; powder room for guests
  • Service entry—through attached garage
  • To & from back yard through

the public zone; easy access

to kitchen for outdoor

entertaining & dining

work areas
Work Areas

Kitchen—primary work area

4 steps to planning an efficient kitchen:

  • Convenient work space & access
  • Configuration of basic work centers: countertops, cabinet storage, appliances & food preparation
  • Suitable space standards
  • Plan for efficient task operation
slide33
Storage—plan for plenty of storage space

-bedroom closets next to entrance

-standard vs. walk-in closets

-serve as buffers

slide34
Plumbing—concentrated by situating kitchens, laundry areas & bathrooms next to each other or stacked
slide35
Privacy—highly valued

-private bath for householder

-private den or study

-secluded and not in direct sight nor sound transfer