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Floodplain Management SESSION 24 Rivers as a Legal Battleground Local Politics Prepared by Elliot Mittler, PhD Local Politics Objectives: 24.1 Identify the major players in determining water policy. 24.2 Explain what characterizes a successful local water policy.

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floodplain management session 24

Floodplain ManagementSESSION 24

Rivers as a Legal Battleground

Local Politics

Prepared by Elliot Mittler, PhD

local politics
Local Politics

Objectives:

24.1 Identify the major players in determining water policy.

24.2 Explain what characterizes a successful local water policy.

24.3 Explain how local governments implement mandates.

24.4 Explain how citizen participation affects local programs

.

24.5 Discuss local politics within the context case study floodplains

characterizing local politics
Characterizing Local Politics
  • “All Politics is Local” - Tip O’Neill
  • “All politics are based on the indifference of the majority” - “Scotty” Reston
  • The best-laid plans of mice and men often go awry - Robert Burns
forms of local municipal government
Forms of Local Municipal Government
  • Weak Mayor - Strong Council
  • Strong Mayor - Weak Council
  • Council - Manager
city departments regularly deal with floodplain management
City Departments - Regularly Deal with Floodplain Management
  • City Planning
  • Public Works
  • Parks and Recreation
  • Risk Management
stakeholders floodplain management
Stakeholders - Floodplain Management
  • Federal agencies
  • State agencies
  • Chambers of Commerce
  • Local businesses
  • Building contractors
  • Real estate agents
  • Local environmental groups
  • Neighborhood associations
  • Land owners
  • Informed citizens
5 th amendment to the u s constitution
5th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution

No person shall be “deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation”.

taking
Taking

An action by a government depriving a person of private property without the payment of just compensation:

  • physically occupying it and preventing others to enter upon it;
  • exercising the power of eminent domain; and
  • regulating its use to such a degree that it no longer has any economically viable use (a regulatory taking).
national floodplain management strategic goals
National Floodplain Management Strategic Goals
  • Reduce the vulnerability of the nation from the dangers and damages that result from flood, and
  • Preserve and enhance the natural resources and functions of floodplains.
community floodplain management goals
Community Floodplain Management Goals
  • Move those currently at risk from the floodplain,
  • Avoid new development when risk reduction is not appropriate,
  • Strive to eliminate threats to life, property, and the environment, and to the mental health and well being of floodplain occupants,
  • Ensure the viability of critical infrastructure and the regional economy,
  • Treat the floodplain as part of a physical and biological system that includes the floodplain within the larger context of its watershed,
  • Seek to identify and enhance the cultural, historic, and aesthetic values of floodplains,
  • Where appropriate, restore and enhance bottomland and related upland habitat and flood storage,
  • Acquire environmental interest in these lands from willing sellers, and
  • Ensure the consideration of social and environmental factors in all actions relating to the floodplain.
benefits of mandates
Benefits of Mandates
  • They set community goals that promote healthy floodplains and reduce vulnerability from floods.
  • The staffs of the new programs often become champions of future related programs.
  • They increase the capacity of communities to deal proactively with floodplain issues.
  • Successful programs reinforce principles of appropriate floodplain management.
  • They speed up the diffusion of floodplain management programs in the country.
policy adoption theory kingdom
Policy Adoption Theory -Kingdom
  • Three Pre-existing conditions:
    • Problem exists
    • Potential solution is politically viable
    • Potential solution is worthy of a local government
  • Window of Opportunity
  • Policy entrepreneur - person who pushes a program but is willing to negotiate and compromise to achieve success
council actions to sustain a local policy or program
Council Actions to Sustain a Local Policy or Program
  • Establish commissions and review panels made up of local officials and community members to keep the issues in front of the public,
  • Place programs as line items on the annual budget, essentially making them visible and acceptable,
  • Introduce long-term elements in the community capital budget or in propositions voted on by the community to establish a long-term commitment,
  • Co-locate community departments that need to work together to accomplish policies or program goals and avoid turf wars.
discussion
Discussion
  • Teams to discuss local politics within the context case study floodplains Requirements
  • Students should base their discussion on the case studies of Tulsa, Oklahoma and Boise, Idaho.