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DEINSTITUTIONALISATION IN LATVIA EXPERIENCES AND NATIONAL STRATEGY

DEINSTITUTIONALISATION IN LATVIA EXPERIENCES AND NATIONAL STRATEGY

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DEINSTITUTIONALISATION IN LATVIA EXPERIENCES AND NATIONAL STRATEGY

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  1. DEINSTITUTIONALISATION IN LATVIAEXPERIENCES AND NATIONAL STRATEGY Tallin 01.12.2015.

  2. General information on Latvia Capital Riga State’s governing body members Parliament,100 Area 64,589 sq.km Population1 986 096(urban:68%, rural:32%) Administrative units 5 regions, 9 republican cities, 110 local authorities

  3. Responsibilities of the National and Local Governments in Social Service Provision Local governments should ensure: • operation of Municipal Social Service, providing at least 1 social work specialist per 1000 inhabitants • assessment of the living conditions and needs of the person seeking support • possibility to receive social services and social assistance corresponding to ones needs • funding for social services and social assistance not granted by the state National governmentfinances and ensures particular services defined in the Law on Social Services and Social Assistance

  4. Social Services by Source of Funding NATIONAL BUDGET: Technical aids Vocational rehabilitation Particular social rehabilitation services for addicts, victims of violence or human trafficking, etc. Assistants for persons with functional impairments Long-term care institutions for: • orphans and children left without parental care until 2 years of age • children with functional impairments up to 4 years of age • children with mental disabilities up to 18 years of age • Adults with mental disabilities and visual impairments co-finances establishment of group homes, half-way homes and day care centres for persons with mental disabilities MUNICIPALBUDGET: Community-based services according to the needs of the inhabitants Long-term care institutions for: • orphans and children left without parental care after age of 2 • persons with disabilities except mental disabilities • old-age persons

  5. Guidelines on Development of Social Services 2014-2020 Approved by the government on 04.12.2013 MAIN DIRECTIONS:

  6. The main priorities of DI in Latvia -shifts in disability policy From passive medical to human rights and inclusion Measures: Services: Human ability: Person-cetred: • From institutional to community-based services; • From disability to functionality • Person’ s needs as priority - not infrastructure

  7. Community-based care for persons with mental disabilities in 2014 The Number of Clients in State Long-term Care Institutions (as on the 1st of January of every year) Source: Summary of State statistical reports on social services, social assistance and long-term social care and social rehabilitation services * Data on 5.05.2015.

  8. Major Gaps in Service Provision at Community Level

  9. Target Groups of DI in Latvia in the Planning Period 2014-2020

  10. Expected Results (2020) ADULTS WITH MENTAL DISABILITIES • Social services provided for 1400 persons preventing institutionalising • 700 clients have left long-term care institutions • At least 3 branches of long-term care institutions closed • Places in long-term care institutions reduced by 1000 • Proportion of community- based services increased from 20 to 45% CHILDREN • Reduction by 60% of children placed in long-term care institutions longer than 3-6 months • Number of children in institutions reduced to 720 (1799 in 2012) • Social services provided for 3400 children with disabilities

  11. EU Funding for DI Activities in the Planning Period 2014-2020 European Regional Development Fund EUR 44 441 977 including local governments co-financing (15%) European Social Fund EUR 47209 260 including state co-financing (15%) Complementary EUR 9 606 575 Efficiency of Municipal Social Service and professional social work practice

  12. Distribution of Competences in the implementation of DI (1) Ministry of Welfare Horizontal regulatory framework of policy reforms Methodological management and supervision of DI activities Planning Regions Final beneficiaries, implementing projects in cooperation with the local authorities and long-term care institutions: Mapping of community-based services and elaboration of regional DI plans, including reorganization plans for long-term care institutions Carrying out individual assessments of the target group Compensating the project-based costs for service delivery to the local authorities Organizing training on delivery of community-based services in a person-centered way Implementing of communication strategy for changing public attitude

  13. Distribution of Competences in the implementation of DI (2) Local Authorities The main partners of the Planning Regions Planning development of community-based services for target groups of DI Taking part in elaboration of regional DI plans Providing mentoring for former clients of long-term care institutions Reorganising the long-term care institutions for children Providing and pre-financing community-based services and receiving monthly compensation of the costs    

  14. Individual Needs Assessment of the Target Groups and Planning of DI in ESF Projects, 2015-2016

  15. Provision of Social Services in ESF Projects, 2017-2022

  16. Progress so far Intenational conference on DI under the Presidency - considerable response from the public (15.06.2015.) http://www.lm.gov.lv/news/id/6559 Adoption of the Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers on implentation of ESF projects on DI (16.06.2015.) Adoption of Action Plan of Ministry of Welfare on implementation of DI (15.07.2015.) http://www.lm.gov.lv/text/3071 Call for project proposal announced (01.09.2015.), project appraisal close to completion Majority of local authorities have signed letters of intent for partcipation in the DI projects

  17. Municipalities Planning to Participate in the ESF Projects on DI 92% of the total 2 big cities not involved

  18. The Main Challenges in Implementation of DI Ambiguous public attitude to DI - although positive changes have taken place, resistance still exits Pressure from some stakeholders to open ERDF investments before individual assessments of the clients and regional DI plans are ready Choice of methodology for individual needs assessment of clients of each target group General belief that long-term care institution is a good place to live for persons with mental disabilities and they prefer living there is widespread Political decision on closing reasonable amount of concrete long-term care institutions is being postoned Legal regulations to strengthen the gate-keeping for entry to long-term care institutions

  19. To be done until the end of 2015 Start implementation of ESF projects on DI Promote closer cooperation of the stakeholders Finalize the guidelines for individual needs assessment of the target groups Agree the unit-cost methodology for community-based services for persons with mental disabilities Develop the communication strategy for changing public attitude

  20. Thank you! www.lm.gov.lv Twitter:@Lab_min Flickr.com:Labklajibas_ministrija Youtube.com/labklajibasministrija Draugiem.lv/labklajiba