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NATIONAL ICT STRATEGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE. Comparing Kenya with her Competitors. DR. KATHERINE GETAO School of Computing and Informatics University of Nairobi. DR. ERIC M. ALIGULA Infrastructure and Economic Services Division KIPPRA. Presented at the

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national ict strategy and infrastructure

NATIONAL ICT STRATEGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE

Comparing Kenya with her Competitors

DR. KATHERINE GETAO

School of Computing and Informatics

University of Nairobi

DR. ERIC M. ALIGULA

Infrastructure and Economic Services Division

KIPPRA

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

outline of the presentation
OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION
  • Introduction
  • The Need for an ICT Strategy
  • Comparative ICT Infrastructure Status
  • Detailed Case Study – Malaysia
  • Lessons from Case Studies
  • The Way Forward for Kenya

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

the need for an ict strategy
THE NEED FOR AN ICT STRATEGY

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

focus of ict strategy a typology
FOCUS OF ICT STRATEGYA Typology

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

ict strategy focus of interventions
ICT STRATEGYFocus of Interventions

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

ict strategy focus of interventions1
ICT STRATEGYFocus of Interventions

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

comparative ict status institutional infrastructure
COMPARATIVE ICT STATUSInstitutional Infrastructure

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

comparative ict status teledensity and traffic flows
COMPARATIVE ICT STATUSTeledensity and Traffic Flows

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

comparative ict status teledensity and traffic flows1
COMPARATIVE ICT STATUSTeledensity and Traffic Flows

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

comparative ict status information technology gateway capacity and e readiness
COMPARATIVE ICT STATUSInformation Technology, Gateway Capacity and E-Readiness

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

comparative ict status information technology gateway capacity and e readiness1
COMPARATIVE ICT STATUSInformation Technology, Gateway Capacity and E-Readiness

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

comparative ict status information technology gateway capacity and e government
COMPARATIVE ICT STATUSInformation Technology, Gateway Capacity and E-Government

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

the malaysian ict strategy malaysia and icts why
THE MALAYSIAN ICT STRATEGYMalaysia and ICTs – Why?
  • Recognition that Malaysia was losing its comparative advantage in its traditional economic sectors;
  • Need to drive the economy towards higher productivity through technology and high value-added economic activities;
  • Information Age and converging technologies presented the best opportunities for socio-economic transformation.
  • ICTs AS A TOOL TO ACHIEVE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
  • ICTS AS STRATEGIC ENABLERS IN MOVING MALAYSIA TOWARDS KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY AND KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

the malaysian ict strategy
THE MALAYSIAN ICT STRATEGY
  • Create a mutually supportive feedback loop between demand and supply aimed at laying the foundation for the knowledge economy and society
  • Initiate the process through policy intervention
  • National IT Agenda (NITA) formulated in 1996 with the specific aim of transforming Malaysia into a knowledge economy by 2020
  • NITA implemented through the National Information Technology Council (NITC)

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

national information technology council nitc
NATIONAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY COUNCIL (NITC)
  • Chaired by the Prime Minister of Malaysia
  • Established in 1994 with the vision of creating a values-based Knowledge Society in line with the aspirations of Vision 2020
  • Aims to enhance the development and utilization of ICT as a strategic technology for national development
  • Acts as a think-tank at the highest level and advises the government on matters pertaining to the development of ICT in Malaysia

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

nitc s model for policy intervention

Policy

Framework

  • National level
  • Strategic function
  • Policy coordination and integration
  • NITC
  • Strategic Initiatives
  • Inter- and Intra
  • Agency
  • Sectoral Policy
  • National level
  • Tactical function
  • Institutional programme coordination

Programs

& Initiatives

ICT Based

Activities

  • Organizational
  • Operational Activities
  • Organizational level
  • Operational function
  • Execution

Feedback loop for policy review

NITC’S MODEL FOR POLICY INTERVENTION

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

the national information technology agenda nita

Connectivity

  • Equitable access to info
  • Culture of learning
  • Info literacy

Sustainable societal innovation for better Quality of Life

PEOPLE

comprehensive

human development

ACCESS AND EQUITY

QUALITATIVE TRANSFORMATION

VISION 2020

Values-based Knowledge Society

CONTENT &

APPLICATIONS

Solutions for Info. Age

work and life

CREATING VALUE

  • Innovation systems, creativity, entrepreneurship through R&D
  • Life long learning
THE NATIONAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AGENDA (NITA)

INFOSTRUCTURE

Info. Age Development Foundation

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

strategic thrust areas

Covered all areas of the economy with the aim of creating value and wealth through successful participation in the emerging knowledge driven economy

  • e-Economy
  • e-Public Services

Focused on the provision of people oriented, customer focused services electronically

Facilitated interaction and communication among communities to improve the quality of life

STRATEGIC THRUST AREAS

  • e-Community
  • e-Learning

Focused on cultivating a life-long learning culture

  • e-Sovereignity

Focused on building a resilient national identity in the face of challenges to the nation

STRATEGIC THRUST AREAS

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

strategic thrust areas1

Provided a framework and platform for dialogue and exchange of national and international experiences on ICT, as well as to raise the awareness of the Malaysian public about Information Age developments

  • Conferences and Expositions
  • Demonstrator Application Grants (DAGS)

Promoting the use of ICT and multimedia for socio-economic development through developing communities enabled by electronic networks e.g. NutriWeb, CyberCare, Neighbourhood Centres

STRATEGIC THRUST AREAS

Provide a comprehensive world-class ICT enabled working and living environment to catalyse development of a knowledge economy. Acted as a global test bed for innovative solutions as well as a hub for development of both local and foreign SMEs

  • Multimedia Super Corridor
STRATEGIC THRUST AREAS

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

multimedia super corridor strategy

Go Global

Create the ideal multimedia environment to attract world-class companies to use MSC as a hub

Enhance domestic productivity

Leapfrog into success in the Information Age

Create value from Information Age businesses

Catalyze a highly competitive cluster of Malaysian multimedia/IT companies that become world-class over time

Lead Regional

MULTIMEDIA SUPER CORRIDOR STRATEGY

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

the multimedia super corridor vision msc from 1996 to 2020

Phase 3

Phase 2

Phase 1

Link the MSC

to other cyber cities in Malaysia and worldwide

Transform Malaysia into a knowledge society

Successfully create the Multimedia Super Corridor

  • All of Malaysia
  • 500 world-class companies
  • Global test-bed for new multimedia applications
  • International Cyber Court of Justice in MSC
  • 12 intelligent cities linked to global information highway
  • 1 Corridor
  • 50 world-class companies
  • Launch 7 flagship applications
  • World-leading framework of cyber laws
  • Cyberjaya as world-leading intelligent city
  • Web of corridors
  • 250 world-class companies
  • Set global standards in flagship applications
  • Harmonized global framework of cyber laws
  • 4-5 intelligent cities linked to other global cyber cities
THE MULTIMEDIA SUPER CORRIDOR VISION (MSC): FROM 1996 TO 2020

Leapfrog into leadership in the Information Age

1996

2020

2003

2010

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

cyberlaws and incentives malaysian ict legal framework

The Communication and Multimedia Act (1998)

The

Telemedicine

Act 1997

The Computer Crimes Act 1997

MALAYSIAN CYBERLAWS

The Copyright

(Amendment) Act

1997

The Electronic Government

Activities legislation (EGA)

Personal Data

Protection Legislation

The Electronic

Transactions

legislation (ETA)

CYBERLAWS AND INCENTIVESMalaysian ICT Legal Framework

Digital

Signature Act 1997

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

cyberlaws and incentives bill of guarantees
CYBERLAWS AND INCENTIVESBill of Guarantees

FINANCIAL

NON-FINANCIAL

4. Unrestricted employment of foreign knowledge workers

  • Five-year exemption from Malaysian income tax renewable to 10 years,

5. Freedom of ownership

6. Freedom to source capital globally

2. 100-percent Investment Tax Allowance (ITA)

7. World-class physical & IT infrastructure

8. Globally competitive tariffs

9. High-quality urban development

  • Duty-free importation of multimedia equipment.

10. Excellent education facilities & human resource talent pool

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

first wave msc flagship applications

Smart Schools

Multipurpose Card

Electronic Government

E-Business

R&D Cluster

Telehealth

Technopreneur Development

Worldwide

Manufacturing Web

Borderless Marketing

Center

FIRST WAVE MSC FLAGSHIP APPLICATIONS

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

research funding for ict
RESEARCH & FUNDING FOR ICT
  • MSC Development Grant Scheme
  • Demonstrator Application Grant scheme (DAGS)
  • Industrial Research & Development Grant Schemes
  • Malaysia-MIT Biotechnology Partnership Programme
  • Technology Development for SMI
  • Technology Acquisition Fund (TAF)
  • S&T Infrastructure and Development and Commercialization of Research and Development
  • Intensification of Research in Priority Areas (IRPA)

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

ict roles options objectives for development
ICT ROLES, OPTIONS, OBJECTIVES FOR DEVELOPMENT

RECOGNISE

INTERVENE

GROW

DEVELOP

ICT Roles

ICT Intervention

Options

Objectives of e-Development

Synergies

ACCELERATING GROWTH

Information and Knowledge Delivery

ICT/Knowledge/Multimedia Industries

  • ICT Service/Production Industries
  • ICT Enabled Business and Industry
  • ENHANCING PRODUCTIVITY
  • AND COMPETITIVENESS
  • ICT-Business Process Reengineering
  • ICT Enabled Manufacturing and Marketing

DIGITAL MULTIPLIER

EFFECTS

ICT Effective Data Capture, Processing and Communication

Accelerating transactions & reducing costs

ICT Friendly Environment

ICT Empowerment

  • REDUCING POVERTY
  • ICT-Empowered Public Services (health, education, & other public services)
  • ICT Enabled Governance (public accountability, social learning and public participation)
  • ICT Enabled Employment Opportunities

ICT Infrastructure for networking and service delivery

Networking, empowering

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

the status quo in kenya
THE STATUS QUO IN KENYA
  • Lack of a single vision that harmonizes the efforts of public and private sector and communities;
  • Some of the key issues have been poorly addressed, namely;
    • infrastructure development,
    • human resource capacity building and
    • dealing with the digital divide.
  • Insufficient consideration as to how ICT initiatives will be funded

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

lessons for kenya roles of government
LESSONS FOR KENYARoles of Government
  • PRODUCERS OF ICT
    • through the development and deployment of ICT goods and services and ICT infrastructure
  • FACILITATORS OF ICT
    • through the creation of an enabling environment, including a conducive macroeconomic environment; a fiscal, legal and regulatory framework; and education policies
  • LEADERS OF ICT
    • by implementing e-government (i.e. becoming users of ICT),
    • addressing digital divides in the country, and
    • making ICT a national priority (e.g. through projects)

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

lessons for kenya critical success factors
LESSONS FOR KENYACritical Success Factors
  • Strong Political and Administrative Leadership
  • Detailed Project Management with clearly identified goals and benefits
  • Business Process Reengineering Required
  • Focused Change Management Initiatives
  • Adopt established standards and protocols
  • Training Expenses should not be minimized

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

lessons for kenya
LESSONS FOR KENYA
  • The Vision and Mission with regard to ICTs must be in place
  • Enabling ICT Infrastructure and Infostructure must be developed
  • Human resources to support ICT development and application must be nurtured
  • An enabling legal and funding framework
  • Proactive measures to deal with issues of the digital divide

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

the way forward for kenya
THE WAY FORWARD FOR KENYA
  • What does Kenya want to do with ICTs?
    • Vision and Mission
    • Priority areas
  • What institutional structures must it have in place?
    • Main partners and stakeholders
    • Implementation strategy and process
    • Organisation and coordination
  • How does it fund ICT development?
  • How does it deal with shocks from ICT application?

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

slide32
“The greatest danger for most of us is not that our aim is too high and we miss it, but that it is too low and we reach it”

Michelangelo

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya

references
REFERENCES
  • ITU (2003) World Telecommunications Indicators. http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/statistics/
  • The World Bank (n.d.) Information Infrastructure Indicators, 1990-2010 http://www.infodev.org/projects/internet/375pyramid/fin375.htm
  • http://www.nitc.org.my
  • http://www.mimos.my

Presented at the

The National ICT Convention of 23-25 March 2004

Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya