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Chapter 4: North America/Black America. Music from Africa Work Songs & Field Hollers Spirituals Ragtime Blues Jazz Gospel. Work Songs & Field Hollers.

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chapter 4 north america black america
Chapter 4: North America/Black America
  • Music from Africa
  • Work Songs & Field Hollers
  • Spirituals
  • Ragtime
  • Blues
  • Jazz
  • Gospel
work songs field hollers
Work Songs & Field Hollers
  • Work Song = accompanies work and makes time pass more pleasantly; usually multiple singers; regular pulse/beat that goes with work. (ex.: “Rosie”)
  • Field Holler = sung by solo worker; free or flexible rhythm; no accompaniment; one of the ancestors to the blues. (ex.: sung by Baby Doo Caston)
ho boys cancha line em
Ho Boys, Cancha Line ‘Em
  • Chain-gang Work Song
  • Strophic (repetitive)
  • Primary motor rhythm is strong and straight (work), syncopation makes the melody lift and rise above the work.
  • Call-and-response between song leader and group - with direct repetition of sung line by the group.
ho boys cancha line em4

Ho Boys, Cancha Line ‘Em

Intro:

Ho, boys, is you right?

I done got right (repeat)

Verse 1:

If I could I surely would

Stand on that rock where Moses stood (response)

Chorus:

Ho boys, cancha line ‘em?

Ho boys, cancha line ‘em?

Ho boys, cancha line ‘em?

See Eloise go linin' rail.

slide5

Verse 2:

July the red bug, July the fly

If August ain’t a hot month, I sure hope to die (response)

Chorus:

Ho boys, well they can’t wait

Ho boys, well they ain't time

Ho boys, well they can’t wait

See Eloise go linin' rail.

slide6

Verse 3:

I got a woman on Jennielee Square

If you wanna die easy, let me catch you there (response)

Chorus:

Ho boys, cancha line ‘em?

Ho boys, cancha line ‘em?

Ho boys, cancha line ‘em?

See Eloise go linin' rail.

go linin' rail.

go linin' rail.

selected characteristics of african american music
Selected Characteristics of African-American Music
  • Blue Notes
  • Blues Scale
  • Motor Rhythm
  • Syncopation (define this)
  • Swing
  • Improvisation
work songs field hollers10
Work Songs & Field Hollers
  • Purpose
  • Themes
  • Tradition
  • Musical characteristics
  • Differences
work songs cont
Work Songs (cont.)
  • Field Holler
    • sung by Baby Doo Caston (CD I:24)
  • Work Song
    • “Rosie” (CD II:1)
religious music
Religious Music
  • Amazing Grace (CD I:22 and 23)
  • Compare and contrast
  • Apply characteristics listed above
  • Influence on other music
  • Spirituals (Dr. Payne)
the blues
The Blues
  • Originated in the Deep South
  • Mississippi Delta Blues (Charley Patton, Robert Johnson)
  • Active throughout South, slightly different in each region.
  • A Feeling (“I’ve got the blues, but that’s ok”)
  • A Form (12-bar blues, Quatrain-Refrain)
  • Influenced Jazz, Rock n’Roll, and Country
strophic
Strophic?
  • same music repeated, different words.
  • Ex. 1: Verse, Chorus, Verse, Chorus, Verse, Chorus, etc.

(most songs heard on radio today)

  • Ex. 2: Succession of “verses” or “choruses”

(Hymns, Ballad Songs, and the 12-bar Blues form)

blues form
Blues Form
  • Combined the spiritual, field holler & work song, and the 3-line ballad (as sung by songsters).
  • 3-Line Vocal Stanza (or “strophe”):
    • 2nd Line repeats 1st, 3rd line rhymes with above.
    • Example:

I’m gonna lay down my head on some lonesome railroad line.

I’m gonna lay down my head on some lonesome railroad line.

And let that 5:15 train pacify my mind.

diagram of blues form 12 bar blues

Line 1(4 measures) Line 2(4 measures) Line 3(4 measures)

Voice Fill Voice Fill Voice Fill

Diagram of Blues Form (12-bar Blues)

I (2) I (2) IV (2) I (2) V (2) I (2)

Tonic Subdominant Tonic Dominant Tonic

Line 1(4 measures)

I (2) - I’m gonna lay down my head on some lonesome railroad line.

I (2) - instrumental fill

Line 2(4 measures)

IV (2) - I’m gonna lay down my head on some lonesome railroad line.

I (2) - instrumental fill

Line 3(4 measures)

V (2) - And let that 5:15 train pacify my mind.

I (2) - instrumental fill

examples from textbook
Examples from Textbook
  • Lazy Bill Lucas
    • Poor Boy Blues (CD II: 2) -- 12-Bar Blues
    • She Got Me Walkin’ (CD II: 3) -- 12-Bar & Quatrain-Refrain (stop-time) Form
  • Otis Rush
    • Ain’t Enough Comin’ In (CD II:8) -- 12-Bar Blues with Bridge
how do these compare
How do these compare?
  • “I Need $100” (II:4)
  • “Kokomo Blues” (II:5)
  • From Dark Till Dawn” (II:6)
  • “You Don’t Love Me” (II:7)
discussion points
Discussion Points
  • Do the blues help you -- personally?
  • Is some blues music better than others?
  • Do you get bored with some blues music?
  • Does marketing diminish the blues?
spirituals
Spirituals
  • African-American songs, usually with a religious text.
  • Originally monophonic and a cappella, these songs are antecedents of the blues.
  • Spirituals were primarily expressions of religious faith, sung by slaves on southern plantations.
  • Examples: Swing Low, Sweet Chariot; Were You There; Woke Up This Morning; Follow the Drinking Gourd; Go Tell it on the Mountain
assignment 4
Assignment 4

Compose the lyrics for at least 2 stanzas (strophes) of a 12-Bar Blues. This should result in six total lines of text. The proper rhyme scheme for the ends of the lines should be used (as shown in text examples).