Cambodia Kampuchea Angkor Kambuja History 354 Campbell University Cambodia Location and Features An Ancient Prophecy
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A darkness will settle on the people of Cambodia. There will be houses but no people in them, roads but not travelers; the land will be ruled by barbarians with no religion; blood will run so deep as to touch the belly of the elephant. Only the deaf and mute will survive.
The Lost Executioner bv Nic Dunlop
King Norodom Sihamoni, son of Norodom Sihanouk, assumed throne in 2004. He was trained as a ballet dancer. No heir.
Gold coin from Oc Eo, a major port of the kingdom of Funan. Oc Eo may have been known to the Romans as Kattigara. It’s in Ptolemy’s geography and may have influenced Columbus.
Ritually sanctifying a symbol of the devaraja.
The Angkor complex is north of the Tonle Sap and the modern city of Sien Reap. The location provided protection from Javanese incursions.
Angkor Wat is the largest religious edifice in the world and the greatest architectural work in Southeast Asia.
Cham statue of Shiva
The Angkor Wat complex as seen from the air.
Angkor Thom South Gate
Bayon is a Buddhist temple. It was built in the Angkor Thom complex in the 12th & 13th Century. 216 faces of Buddhas, gods and kings are carved into the stone. The central face is that of Jayavarman VII.
Sample of relief carvings on Angkor Wat. These are devatas, Hindu guardian spirits, usually female.
French dominion in Vietnam (1862) & Cambodia (1863).
In 1897, the resident declared King Norodom incompetent and received permission from France to assume the king's authority to issue decrees, collect taxes, and appoint royal officials in his name.Direct Rule
Son Ngoc Thanh
King/Prince Norodom Sihanouk
(b.1922; r. 1941-55, 1993-2004)
Nationalized Banking and Insurance.
Created National Export-Import Corporation.
Lon Nol (1913-85)
In the 1960’s, Sihanouk sought to play one power against another to retain Cambodia’s independence.
President Richard Nixon explained the April 1970 incursion of U.S. ground forces into Cambodia in terms of a future withdrawal from SEA.
Saloth Sar, aka, Pol
Pot or Brother #1
Special prisons were set up to torture and execute the educated middle classes. 17,000 died in Toul Sleng (S21), a converted school.
The remains of 16,000 persons were exhumed from the killing fields at Choeung Ek in 1980. It was the first indication of just how terrible the Khmer Rouge rule had been.
Khmer Rouge slogan
Heng Samrin, born 1934.
Hun Sen. Prime Minister of Cambodia from 1985 to present. Born in 1952 to a peasant family. Joined the Communist resistance as a teenager out of loyalty to Prince Sihanouk.
The foreign policy of the U.S. and its allies toward the Khmer Rouge during the time of the Vietnamese occupation can be summarized as “ My enemy’s enemy is my friend.”
An UNTAC peacekeeper in 1993.
Australia contributed a 502-person Force Communications Unit plus a unit of 6 helicopters and 115 troops
Pol Pot in 1997.
Ieng Sary, former DK Foreign Minister
Newly married couple. Life goes on.