Asian Peoples - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Asian Peoples Population, Culture, and Religions

  2. Asian Population • nearly 4 billion people

  3. Asian Cities

  4. Major Language Families • Sino-Tibetan • Chinese, Tibetan, Tai, etc. • Altaic • Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Uighur, etc. • Mon-Khmer • Khmer, Vietnamese, etc. • Indonesian & Malay

  5. Asian Religions • Buddhism • Confucianism (?) • Hinduism • Islam • Daoism (Taoism, or ``The Way”)

  6. Buddhism • The ``Buddha” (the Enlightened One) taught in northern India in 6th century, B.C. • Desire is the root of unhappiness in human life • There are ways to achieve illumination • Meditation and compassion for all sentient beings

  7. Migration of Buddhism • Hinayana (Theravada, ``Small vehicle”) • Sri Lanka and, across the Bay of Bengal, what are now Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, and Indonesia • Mahayana (``Large vehicle”) • China, Korea, Japan, and what we now call Vietnam

  8. Theravada

  9. In Cambodia, ...

  10. Indonesia, ...

  11. … and Myanmar

  12. Mahayana

  13. In China ...

  14. Tibet ...

  15. Korea ...

  16. … and Japan … (Zen)

  17. Confucianism • Confucius (551 - 479 B.C.) • late Zhou dynasty

  18. Not exactly a religion • Concerned primarily with restoring social stability and order • a system of social and ethical philosophy rather than a religion • li (rituals, norms, institutions, or mores) • ren (humaneness, kindness, benevolence, or virtue)

  19. Li and Ren • Li: affirmation of accepted values and norms of behavior in primary social institutions and basic human relationships • Ren: the relationship between "two persons," or co-humanity - the potential to live together humanely • Atheist: no god or a far-off heavenly realm

  20. Spread of Confucianism • East Asia • promoted by rulers • reinforced by examination system • Southeast Asia • overseas Chinese

  21. In today’s China

  22. ``Asian Values” • Cultural explanation for the economic boom of the Newly Industrialized Economies (NIE’s) of Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, and Hong Kong (the ``Four Small Dragons”) • High savings rate, strong work ethic, respect for authority & education, etc.

  23. Interpreted by politicians • Singapore: Lee Kuan Yew • Malaysia: Mahathir