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Asian Peoples Population, Culture, and Religions Asian Population nearly 4 billion people Asian Cities Major Language Families Sino-Tibetan Chinese, Tibetan, Tai, etc. Altaic Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Uighur, etc. Mon-Khmer Khmer, Vietnamese, etc. Indonesian & Malay Asian Religions

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asian peoples

Asian Peoples

Population, Culture, and Religions

asian population
Asian Population
  • nearly 4 billion people
major language families
Major Language Families
  • Sino-Tibetan
    • Chinese, Tibetan, Tai, etc.
  • Altaic
    • Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Uighur, etc.
  • Mon-Khmer
    • Khmer, Vietnamese, etc.
  • Indonesian & Malay
asian religions
Asian Religions
  • Buddhism
  • Confucianism (?)
  • Hinduism
  • Islam
  • Daoism (Taoism, or ``The Way”)
buddhism
Buddhism
  • The ``Buddha” (the Enlightened One) taught in northern India in 6th century, B.C.
  • Desire is the root of unhappiness in human life
  • There are ways to achieve illumination
  • Meditation and compassion for all sentient beings
migration of buddhism
Migration of Buddhism
  • Hinayana (Theravada, ``Small vehicle”)
    • Sri Lanka and, across the Bay of Bengal, what are now Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, and Indonesia
  • Mahayana (``Large vehicle”)
    • China, Korea, Japan, and what we now call Vietnam
confucianism
Confucianism
  • Confucius (551 - 479 B.C.)
  • late Zhou dynasty
not exactly a religion
Not exactly a religion
  • Concerned primarily with restoring social stability and order
  • a system of social and ethical philosophy rather than a religion
  • li (rituals, norms, institutions, or mores)
  • ren (humaneness, kindness, benevolence, or virtue)
li and ren
Li and Ren
  • Li: affirmation of accepted values and norms of behavior in primary social institutions and basic human relationships
  • Ren: the relationship between "two persons," or co-humanity - the potential to live together humanely
  • Atheist: no god or a far-off heavenly realm
spread of confucianism
Spread of Confucianism
  • East Asia
    • promoted by rulers
    • reinforced by examination system
  • Southeast Asia
    • overseas Chinese
asian values
``Asian Values”
  • Cultural explanation for the economic boom of the Newly Industrialized Economies (NIE’s) of Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, and Hong Kong (the ``Four Small Dragons”)
  • High savings rate, strong work ethic, respect for authority & education, etc.
interpreted by politicians
Interpreted by politicians
  • Singapore: Lee Kuan Yew
  • Malaysia: Mahathir