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Forest Ecosystem. Forests. Forests are large areas of dense trees. Coniferous forests are mostly evergreen trees and deciduous forests are generally broadleaf trees. Due to temperature differences, there are tropical and temperate forests. Forest Facts:.

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Forest Ecosystem

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Forests are large areas of dense trees. Coniferous forests are mostly evergreen trees and deciduous forests are generally broadleaf trees.

Due to temperature differences, there are tropical and temperate forests.

forest facts
Forest Facts:

Forests are distinguished by their:

Composition – the kind of trees and plants

Structure – distribution of plants on the ground and into the canopy

Humans continue to use and change forests

Temperate deciduous forests exist only in the Northern Hemisphere

Conifers are generally evergreen

Deciduous trees change with the seasons

forest climate
Forest Climate
  • During the summer, it gets hot!
  • During the winter, it

gets cold.

Until . . .

elevation comes into effect

The higher you go up into the mountain:

  • the colder the temperature gets,
  • the thinner the air gets (thus making it harder to breathe),
  • and the less you see plants growing there.
. . . Elevation comes into effect !
  • As you go down the mountain:
  • you start to feel warmer,
  • your breathing becomes easier,
  • and you enjoy the sight of beautiful plants and animals!
forest plants

3 Layer Forest

5 Layer Forest

Forest Plants

The 3 main levels are: forest floor, understory, and canopy.

The forest floor is the soil, dead plants and animals waiting to rot away. But also as part of the forest floor is a layer known as the herb layer. This is where the grasses and wildflowers grow .

Other plants, bushes and small trees make up the understory (also known as the shrub layer).

The last layer is where the trees are and it is known as the canopy layer.

effects on plant life
Effects on Plant Life

* The soil, water, sunshine, temperature, rainfall, and fire influence what plants and trees grow in an area.

For example:

Trees are classified into two types of trees.

coniferous trees
Coniferous trees are trees that grow needles instead of leaves, and cones instead of flowers. Conifers tend to be evergreen, that is, they bear needles and stay green all year long. These adaptations help conifers survive in areas that are very cold or dry. Some of the more common conifers are spruces, pines, and firs.Coniferous Trees
deciduous trees
Temperature: -22°F to 86°F, yearly average is 50°F. The temperature varies widely from season to season with cold winters and hot, wet summers.

Precipitation: 29.5 to 59.1 inches of rainfall per year

Kentucky has both characteristics of a deciduous and coniferous forest, meaning you can find both deciduous trees and coniferous trees there.

Deciduous Trees are notable for going through four seasons. During the fall, their leaves change color, then they begin to lose them. This is in preparation for the winter season. Because it gets so cold, the trees have adapted to the winter by going into a period of dormancy or sleep. This is how the trees survive. They also have thick bark to protect them from the cold weather. Deciduous trees’ flowers begin to grow again during spring and continue throughout the summer.

Some common deciduous tress, also known asBroadleaf trees, are oaks, maples, beeches, hickory, and chestnut.   

Deciduous Trees
forest animals
Forest Animals

Here are various types of animals that live in a forest!

in the end
In the End,

Every animal and plant is part of an ecosystem.

An ecosystem is a community of plants and animals interacting with their environment. Every living thing depends on each other to survive!

for example
For example:

Trees and plants provide food, oxygen and shelter for animals.

The animals in return eventually die, rot and fertilize the soil so that trees and plants get their food. They also help with starting new tree and plant growth.