Human Development: Nature vs. Nurture. NATURE = genes, biology, heredity NURTURE = environment and experiences
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Is there a “goodness of fit” between your temperament and your parent’s temperament? How have similarities and/or differences in temperament between you and your parent caused conflict or promoted harmony? (i.e., think about who you would call if you forgot something for school? Got in a car crash? Mom or dad? Why?)
How do you think temperament plays out at school?
Without naming names, can you think of a time when you butted heads with a teacher or coach because your temperament conflicted with his/her temperament? On the other hand, can you think of a teacher that you really got along with because your temperament is similar to his/her temperament? What were the differences or similarities in temperament that caused the conflict or harmony?
Social Isolation – Research on the effects of social isolation has demonstrated the importance of nurture. All evidence points to the crucial role of social development in forming who we are!
EX: Harlow with Rhesus Monkeys
EX: Isolated Children – Anna, Isabelle, Genie, Edik, Oxana
EX: Institutionalized Children
Language: If children miss their critical period (puberty), it is often hard (if not impossible) for them to learn language.
Critical Period = the period before humans must be exposed to a skill/experience or they lose much of their innate ability to learn it.
Love, Affection and Attachment: Especially in the cases of institutionalized children (and in Harlow’s monkey studies), it has been shown that children and adults thrive in life when given love and affection.
Birth Order: In addition to parents, siblings play a powerful role in shaping who we are, especially as a result of our placement in the birth order of the family. To learn how important birth order is to your socialization, complete the following:
Sit in groups according to your birth order:
If you do not think that you fall under any of these categories, pick the category that you think fits best and is most similar to your position in your family.
As you talk together, make a list of personality characteristics or experiences that you all seem to share. Try to think of personality characteristics, interests, successes, struggles that you think stem from your unique position in your family.
EX: pressure that first born and only children have; middle children being artful negotiators; babies not taking consequences for their actions
Birth Order: Many sociologists and psychologists believe that siblings play a powerful role in shaping who we are, especially as a result of our placement in the birth order of the family. Answer the following questions based on your birth order:
What is your Birth Order (First Born, Only Child, Middle Child, Youngest Child, Twin) and how many siblings do you have?
How do you think your birth order shaped who you are - such as personality, interests, struggles, successes, etc?
Can birth order determine your career? http://www.cnn.com/2008/LIVING/worklife/10/22/cb.birth.order.career/index.html
Has neither rights of oldest nor privileges of youngest, may develop self-esteem issues. Never has parents' undivided attention.
Feels unloved, left out, "squeezed”, doesn't have place in family.
Always has sibling ahead who's more advanced. Becomes discouraged and "problem child" or elevates self by pushing down other siblings.
Less connected to family, more to friends.
May de-identify from first born, making opposite life choices. If first child is "good," second may become "bad." Develops abilities first child doesn't exhibit. If first child successful, may feel uncertain of self and abilities.
May be rebel.
Roll with it – often handle disappointments better